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CSAT Prelims Ecology - General Knowledge Questions and Answers for UPSC Exam | Page-2

Questions
11 The Himalayan range if very rich in species diversity. Which one among the following is the most appropriate reason for this phenomenon?
A It has been human interference.
B It is a confluence of different bio- geographical zones.
C It has a high rainfall that supports luxuriant vegetative growth
D Exotic and invasive species have not been introduced in this region.

Answer: Option [B]
12 What is the difference between the antelopes Oryx and Chiru?
A Oryx is poached for its antlers whereas chiru is poached for its musk
B Oryx exists in western India only whereas Chiru exits in north- east India only
C Oryx is adapted to live in hot and arid areas whereas Chiru is adapted to live in steppes and semi-desert areas of cold high mountains
D None of the statements (A), (B) and (C) given above is correct

Answer: Option [C]
13 With reference to food chain in ecosystem, consider the following statements:
I. A food chain illustrates the order in which a chain of organisms feed upon each other.
II. Food chain are found within the populations of a species
III. A food chains illustrates the numbers of each organism which are eaten by others.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

A I only
B I and II only
C I, II and III
D None of these

Answer: Option [A]
14 Consider the following international agreements:
I. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
II. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
III. The World Heritage Convention

Which of the above has/have a bearing on the biodiversity?

A I and II
B III only
C I and III
D I, II and III

Answer: Option [D]
15 Other than poaching, what are the possible reasons for the decline in the population of Ganges River Dolphinss?
I. Construction of dams and barrages on rivers
II. Increase in the population of crocodiles in revers
III. Getting trapped in fishing nets accidently
IV. Use of synthetic fertilizers and other agricultural chemicals in crop-fields in the vicinity of below.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

A I and II only
B II and III only
C I, III and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

Answer: Option [C]
16 With reference to the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited (IREDA), which of the following statements is/ are correct?
I. It is a Public Limited Government Company
II. It is a Non-Banking Financial Company

Select of the correct answer using the code given below.

A I only
B II only
C Both I and II
D Neither I nor II

Answer: Option [C]
17 Which of the following statement regarding ‘Green Climate Found’ is/ are correct?
I. It is founded under the aegis of UNEP, OECD, Asian Development Bank and World Bank.
II. It is intended to assist the developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.

Select of the correct answer using the code given below.

A I only
B II only
C Both I and II
D Neither I nor II

Answer: Option [B]
18 ‘Bio Carbon found Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes’ is managed by the
A World Bank
B Asian Development Bank
C International Monetary Found
D United Nations Environment Programme

Answer: Option [A]
19 Which of the following have coral reefs?
I. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
II. Gulf of Kachchh
III. Gulf of Mannar
IV. Sunderbans

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

A I, II and III only
B II and IV only
C I and III only
D I, II, III and IV

Answer: Option [A]
20 Consider the following:
I. Star tortoise
II. Monitor lizard
III. Pygmy hog
IV. Spider monkey

Which of the above are naturally found in India?

A I, II and III only
B II and III only
C I and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

Answer: Option [A]

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