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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 1

Questions
1 In Erikson’s theory, which psycho-social crises preceed and succeed Autonomy v/s Shame :
1 Basic trust v/s mistrust and Industry v/s Inferiority
2 Basic trust v/s mistrust and Industry v/s Inferiority
3 Industry v/s Inferiority and Identity v/s Role confusion.
4 Basic trust v/s mistrust and Initiative v/s Guilt.

Answer: Basic trust v/s mistrust and Initiative v/s Guilt.
2 Read each of the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R); and indicate your answer using code given below :

Assertion (A) : Horner found high level of motive to avoid success or fear of success in females.

Reason (R) : As a result of success, the threat of social rejection and fear concerning perceived lack of feminity are aroused in women

1 Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
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3 Match List - I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below :
     List-I				    List-II
     (Concept)               (Explanation)
(a) Life Space  		    (i) Unlearned, fixed stereotyped pattern of activity. 
(b)Instinctual Behaviour   (ii) Psychological reality depicting the totality of facts that determine behaviour at a moment in true. 
                                It counts of environment as perceived by the person. 
(c)Vacuum Behaviour 	    (iii)Tendency to resume the previously unfinished task during intervening period.
(d)Task Resumption 	    (iv) Behaviour patterns that appear when the sign stimulus is not identifiable. 
.

codes

(a) (b) (c) (d)

1 (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
2 (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
3 (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
4 (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

Answer:(2) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
4 Read each of the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R); and indicate your answer using code given below :

Assertion (A) : Perceived fairness of the interpersonal treatment is used to determine organizational outcomes.

Reason (R) : People expect informational transparency and respect in organizations.

code :

1 Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
5 Match List - I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below :
      List-I				                            List-II
      (Concept)                                     (Explanation)
(a) Episodic retrieval 			    (i)Physical environment at retrieval matching that at encoding.
(b)Context-dependent retrieval 	    (ii)Mood at retrieval matching that at encoding.
(c)State-dependent retrieval 	        (iii)Retrieval stimulated by hints from the external and internal environment. 
(d)Cue-dependent retrieval 		    (iv)Subsequent reactivation of stored memory 

code :

(a) (b) (c) (d)

1 (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
2 (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)
3 (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)
4 (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)

Answer: (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
6 Read each of the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R); and indicate your answer using code given below :

Assertion (A) : Rational persuation refers to the use of logical arguments and facts to persuade others for achieving a desired result.

Reason (R) : Managers use several techniques to influence others in organizations.

code:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (B) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
7 Match List - I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below :
List-I				              List-II
(Concept)                        (Explanation)
(a)Counter-conditioning 	    (i)After conditioning, a new CS(B) when paired with already conditioned
                                stimulus CS(A) and presented as a compound stimulus, little or no conditioning occurs to CS(B).
(b)Blocking				   (ii)Elimination of undesirable behaviour by pairing CS with US other  than
                               the one that originally reinforced that behaviour. 
(c)Overshadowing			   (iii)Inhibition of conditioned response caused by conditioned emotional response. 
(d)Conditioned Suppression	   (iv)While using compound CS where one of its components is
                                 more salient than the other, only the salient component is conditioned. 

code:

1 (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)
2 (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
3 (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)
4 (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

Answer: (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
8 Match List - I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below :
List-I				           List-II
(Concept)                     (Explanation) 
(I)Convergence			      (1)If you see a distant mountain range on a crystal - clear day, 
                               it looks like it was only a few miles away. 
(II)Frame of reference 	  (2)When the two images are fused into one overall image. 
(III)Stereoscopic vision     (3)When we look at a distant object, the lines of vision from 
                                our eyes are parallel. Looking at a nearby object, the eyes 
                                turn in. 
(IV)Aerial perspective 	  (4)An internal perspective relative to which events are 
                                perceived.

code:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

1 (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
2 (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)
3 (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
4 (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)

Answer: (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)
9 Read each of the following statements - Assertion (A) and Reason (R); and indicate your answer using code given below :

Assertion (A) : Perception remains constant although the proximal sensation changes

Reason (R) : Our perceptual system has mechanisms that adjust our perception of the proximal stimulus.

code:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
10 Match List - I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below :
List-I				                   List-II
(Concept)                            (Description)
(a)Physiological Psychology 		(i)Studies the psychological effects of brain damage in human patients.
(b)Neuropsychology 				(ii)Studies the neural mechanisms of behaviour by manipulating the nervous 
                                       systems of non-human animals in controlled experiments.
(c)Psychophysiology 				(iii)Studies the relation between physiological activity and psychological
                                       processes in human subjects by noninvasive physiological recording
(d)Cognitive Neuroscience			(iv)Studies the neural mechanisms of human cognition, mainly by using 
                                       functional brain imaging techniques. 

code:

(a) (b) (c) (d)
1 (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
2 (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
3 (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
4 (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

Answer: (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
11 Which of the following explains the Threshold Hypothesis regarding Intelligence - Creativity relationship ?
1 There is a positive correlation between Intelligence and Creativity
2 There is a positive correlation between Intelligence and Creativity upto a particular level of Intelligence
3 There is a positive correlation between Intelligence and Creativity beyond a particular level of Intelligence.
4 There is a negative correlation between Intelligence and Creativity beyond a particular level of Intelligence.

Answer: There is a positive correlation between Intelligence and Creativity upto a particular level of Intelligence
12 Match List - I with List - II and select the correct answer by choosing from code given below :
List-I				 List-II
(Concept)           (Explanation)
(a)Concordance 	   (i)Percentage of cases in which, if specific gene is present, 
                         a particular trait, characteristic or disease will actually 
                         manifest itself in the fully developed organism. 
(b)Penetrance 	  (ii)Relationship between twins or other family members with respect to a given trait. 
(c)Prevalence     (iii)Number of new cases of specific condition or disease that arise during a particular period of time. 
(d)Incidence 	  (iv)Frequency of occurrence of a given condition among a certain population at a particular point of time. 

code:

(a) (b) (c) (d)
1 (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
2 (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
3 (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
4 (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

Answer: (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
13 Which of the following significant changes have been incorporated in DSM-5 ?

(a) The title of the manual is not DSM-V, but DSM-5, a deliberate shift from traditional Roman numerals used in previous editions toward Arabic numerals.

(b) Multiaxial Assessment System - a central feature of DSM since its introduction in DSM - III in 1980, has been dropped altogether from DSM-5.

(c) DSM-5 authors have overhauled the manual to emphasise neuropsychological or biological roots of mental disorders.

(d) DSM-5 authors have removed 5 of 10 personality disorders previously included in that section. Dropped disorders are paranoid, schizoid, histrionic, dependent and narcissistic personality disorders.

code:

1 (a), (b), (c) are correct; (d) is incorrect
2 (b), (c) and (d) are correct; (a) is incorrect.
3 (a) and (b) are correct; (c) and (d) are incorrect.
4 (c) and (d) are correct; (a) and (b) are incorrect.

Answer: (a) and (b) are correct; (c) and (d) are incorrect.
14 Which one of the trait theories/models is/are NOT based on factor analytic methodology ?

(a) Allport’s Theory

(b) Costa and McCrae’s Model

(c) Goldberg’s Model

(d) Eysenck’s Theory

code:

1 (a) only
2 (a) and (c) only
3 (b) and (c) only
4 (4) (b) and (d) only

Answer: (a) only
15 The factors that operate with deep levels of processing are :

(a) Distinctiveness

(b) Sameness

(c) Elaboration

(d) Physical contours

Code:

1 (a) and (b) only
2 (b) and (c) only
3 (b) and (d) only
4 (a) and (c) only

Answer: (a) and (c) only

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