Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 11

1 Difference between what one can accomplish with or without help is called
1 Zone of proximal development
2 Resilience
3 Identity fusion
4 Transition

Answer:Zone of proximal development
2 Punishment given frequently to young students leads to
1 improved interpersonal relationships
2 desirable behaviours
3 better academic performance
4 fear, anger and worry

Answer:fear, anger and worry
3 Persons with genetic “markers” for schizophrenia have a physical vulnerability to the disorder but will not develop schizophrenia unless they are exposed to critical times in development. This is according to
1 Biological model
2 Social learning model
3 Neurobiological model
4 Stress-vulnerability model

Answer:Stress-vulnerability model
4 The influence of surrounding environment on perception is called
1 Hoffding function
2 Priming effect
3 Law of Pragnaz
4 Context effect

Answer:Context effect
5 Long Term Potentiation means facilitation of synaptic transmission following :
1 High-frequency electrical stimulation applied to pre-synaptic neurons.
2 Low-frequency electrical stimulation applied to pre-synaptic neurons.
3 High-frequency electrical stimulations applied to post-synaptic neurons.
4 Low-frequency electrical stimulation applied to post-synaptic neurons.

Answer:High-frequency electrical stimulation applied to pre-synaptic neurons.
6 Which one of the following is NOT a mnemonic device ?
1 Method of Loci
2 Method of reinforcement
3 Categorical clustering
4 Pegword system

Answer:Method of reinforcement
7 In an experiment one group of subjects was asked to estimate the product of 8 × 7 × 6 × 5 × 4 × 3 × 2 × 1 in 5 seconds. The other group was asked to estimate the product of 1 × 2 × 3 × 4 × 5 × 6 × 7 × 8 in the same time. The former group attained a larger estimate than the later group. The biasing effect involved in this case is because of
1 Availability of information
2 Adjustment
3 Representativeness
4 Gambler’s fallacy

8 Rogers use Q-sort technique to identify –
1 Internal and external frame of reference
2 Real self and Ideal self
3 Conditional and unconditional positive regard
4 Conditions of worth and worthlessness

Answer:Real self and Ideal self
9 Sensory-specific satiety takes place in
1 Papillae
2 Thalamus
3 Nucleus of Solitary Tract (NST)
4 Insula

Answer:Nucleus of Solitary Tract (NST)
10 The most effective way for dealing with bullying in schools is
1 to give harsh punishment to those students who indulge in such behaviour.
2 to provide counselling to students who are potential bullies and clearly communicate to them that such behaviour will not be tolerated.
3 to isolate such students and ban them from participation in any extra-curricular activity
4 to ignore the problem and continue to focus only on good students

Answer:to provide counselling to students who are potential bullies and clearly communicate to them that such behaviour will not be tolerated.
11 McClelland’s theory basically focuses on _____ needs whilst Maslow’s theory focuses on _____ needs.
1 two ; four
2 three ; four
3 three ; five
4 two ; five

Answer:three ; five
12 Vijay was working as executive manager in a multinational company. His team members always found it difficult to get along with him. Vijay always craved for excessive admiration and attention, took undue advantage of others, was very arrogant and preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success and power. He seems to be suffering from
1 Borderline personality disorder
2 Narcissistic personality disorder
3 Histrionic Personality disorder
4 Schizoid personality disorder

Answer:Narcissistic personality disorder
13 It is difficult to extinguish gambling behaviour because it is conditioned using
1 Fixed Ratio Schedule
2 Variable Ratio Schedule
3 Fixed Interval Schedule
4 Variable Interval Schedule

Answer:Variable Ratio Schedule
14 A generalised picture or model of an object or event learned in the past, and stored in memory is
1 Perceptual Constancy
2 Memory Trace
3 Prototype
4 Cognitive Map

15 In classical conditioning when a strong CS is paired with a neutral stimulus causing the neutral stimulus to become a second CS is called
1 Higher Order Conditioning
2 Stimulus Substitution
3 Vicarious Conditioning
4 Discrimination Learning

Answer:Higher Order Conditioning

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