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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 19

Questions
1 The phenomenon of clinging to one’s initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed and had been discredited refers to :
1 Belief bias
2 Belief perseverance
3 Over confidence
4 Framing decisions

Answer:Belief perseverance
2 Long Term Potentiality involves
1 release of nitric oxide
2 increase in cell bodies
3 increased number of NMDA (N-methyl-d-aspartic acid) receptors
4 increased sensitivity of NMDA (N-methyl-d-aspartic acid) receptors

Answer:release of nitric oxide
3 Mechanistic and Cognitive approaches to motivation differ in the extent to which ______are invoked to account for the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of goal directed behaviour.
1 Dynamic traits
2 Higher mental processes
3 Drives
4 Instincts

Answer:Higher mental processes
4 Which of the following is the term for describing a child’s one word utterances ?
1 Over extensions
2 Under extensions
3 Holophrases
4 Telegraphic speech

Answer:Holophrases
5 Backward Conditioning occurs when :
1 CS and US are presented simultaneously
2 CS is presented first and US is presented before the termination of CS
3 CS is presented first and US is presented after the termination of CS
4 US is presented first and CS is presented after the termination of US

Answer:US is presented first and CS is presented after the termination of US
6 The James-Lange theory and the cognitive theory of emotion disagree on whether :
1 specific brain centers are involved in specific emotions.
2 bodily feedback determines which emotion is felt.
3 individuals can judge their emotions accurately.
4 there is no any biological involvement in human emotions.

Answer:bodily feedback determines which emotion is felt.
7 Biologically based emotional and behavioural tendencies that are evident in early childhood represent :
1 Trait
2 Type
3 Temperament
4 Style

Answer:Temperament
8 In Jungian theory, the idea that energy is automatically redistributed in the psyche in order to achieve equilibrium or balance depicts :
1 Principle of Equivalence
2 Principle of Synchronicity
3 Principle of Entrophy
4 Principle of Opposites

Answer:Principle of Entrophy
9 After the recent terrorist attacks in France, a psychologist proposed a study wherein he would interview two hundred French citizens to find whether their attitude towards fate as a consequence of the attack. This study can best be labelled as :
1 attitude change experiment
2 field experiment
3 ex post facto study
4 psychometric study

Answer:ex post facto study
10 Which of the following is correct while comparing classical and operant conditioning ?
1 Operant conditioning takes place before reinforcement while classical conditioning takes place after reinforcement.
2 Operant conditioning takes place as a result of some voluntary action while classical conditioning takes place without choice.
3 In operant conditioning, response is elicited while in classical conditioning it is emitted.
4 In operant conditioning magnitude of the response is the index of conditioning while in classical conditioning it is the rate of response.

Answer:Operant conditioning takes place as a result of some voluntary action while classical conditioning takes place without choice.
11 Words learned under water are recalled :
1 Better on land than under water
2 Better above land (sky) than on land
3 Better above land (sky) than under water
4 Better under water than on land

Answer:Better under water than on land
12 Flynn effect is :
1 High IQ score of a generation in comparison to succeeding generation.
2 High IQ score of a generation in comparison to preceding generation.
3 A person’s increase in accumulated knowledge with increase in age.
4 A person’s change in accumulated knowledge with increase in age.

Answer:High IQ score of a generation in comparison to preceding generation.
13 Which of the following sequence is correct ?
1 Oral phase ® Anal phase ® Latency ® Phallic ® Genital
2 Anal ® Oral ® Phallic ® Latency ® Genital
3 Oral ® Anal ® Phallic ® Latency ® Genital
4 Oral ® Phallic ® Anal ® Genital ® Latency

Answer:Oral ® Anal ® Phallic ® Latency ® Genital
14 Which one of the following is considered as a non-parametric alternative to one-way ANOVA for independent samples ?
1 Kruskal - Wallis H test
2 Mann - Whitney U test
3 Kolmogorov - Smirnov test
4 Friedman’s ANOVA

Answer:Kruskal - Wallis H test
15 Which memory is the result of instrumental/motor learning processes ?
1 Semantic memory
2 Episodic memory
3 Sensory memory
4 Procedural memory

Answer:Procedural memory

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