Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 21

Questions
1 Because it has the external features associated with the concept of dog, a wolf is perceived as a dog. This is an example of :
1 Centration
2 Equilibration
3 Object permanence
4 Prototype

Answer:Prototype
2 Which of the following is the final destination for much of the brain’s information about emotion before action is taken ?
1 Amygdala
2 Anterior cingulate cortex
3 Pre-frontal cortex
4 Hypothalamus

Answer:Pre-frontal cortex
3 Cattell propounded gf-gc theory of intelligence mainly based on :
1 First order factors of abilities
2 Second order factors of abilities
3 Third order factors of abilities
4 Higher order factors of abilities

Answer:Second order factors of abilities
4 Which one of the following statements is true ?
1 The ‘Global Five’ factors in personality refer to the second-order factors of 16 PF, latest edition.
2 The ‘Global Five’ factors refer to the factors assessed by the NEO-Five Factor Inventory, latest edition.
3 The ‘Global Five’ factors refer to the factors assessed by Goldberg’s bipolar adjectives.
4 The ‘Global Five’ factors are derived from Eysenck Personality Profiler, latest edition.

Answer:The ‘Global Five’ factors in personality refer to the second-order factors of 16 PF, latest edition.
5 Four important elements in the theory of signal detection are :
1 errors, hits, speed and accuracy
2 speed, accuracy, power and false alarm
3 hit, miss, correct rejection and false alarm
4 acuity, efficacy, speed and power

Answer:hit, miss, correct rejection and false alarm
6 Jia had written a list to do her week end work, but incidently left it home while going out for her first activity. Trying to remember the list, Jia remembers what was at the beginning of the list and what was at the end but not those things in the middle. This is an example of :
1 Encoding specificity effect
2 Flash bulb memory
3 Serial position effect
4 Tip-of-the tongue effect

Answer:Serial position effect
7 Brief stress enhances the activity of immune system as evidenced by the action of __________.
1 macrophages
2 T cells
3 B cells
4 all the above

Answer:all the above
8 Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) are mainly indexing :
1 Creative Products
2 Creative Processes
3 Creative Personality
4 Creative Persuation

Answer:Creative Processes
9 Which one of the scaling method is more likely to yield multidimensional attitude scale ?
1 Guttman scalogram analysis
2 Paired comparison method
3 Equal appearing intervals method
4 Method of summated rating

Answer:Method of summated rating
10 When is aspiration a method of choice to make a lesion ?
1 in a deeper brain area
2 in an area of cerebral cortex
3 an irreversible lesion
4 in underlying white matter

Answer:in an area of cerebral cortex
11 A psychologist was administering a projective test which involved a word association task. She tended to nod and smile every time a plural word was given by the respondent. The following testing bias was seen :
1 favoritism
2 test wiseness
3 selective reinforcement
4 gender of assessor

Answer:selective reinforcement
12 The underlying motivation for acts of aggression is __________.
1 intent to harm
2 anger
3 retaliation
4 need to exert control

Answer:need to exert control
13 Which of the following is a characteristic of Chomsky’s theory ?
1 Development of language is between three and five years of age
2 Language development is dependent on the reinforcements received by the child
3 Children acquire mistakes in language by observing their parents and others around them
4 Children have an innate mental grammar

Answer:Children have an innate mental grammar
14 The centre - surround organization of ganglion cells that enhance contrast at edges in a visual environment is well illustrated by :
1 Craik bands
2 Mach bands
3 Luminance bands
4 Optic bands

Answer:Craik bands
15 The growth needs of ERG theory are represented by various needs in Maslow’s model :
1 Physiological and social needs
2 Safety needs and esteem needs
3 Social needs and esteem needs
4 Esteem needs and self-actualization needs

Answer:Esteem needs and self-actualization needs

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