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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 41

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Questions
1 Select one of the levels and one of the stages given below as envisaged by Kohlberg in the theory of development of moral reasoning :

1. Two levels

2. Three levels

3. Four levels

4. Five stages

5. Six stages

6. Eight stages

1 1 and 5
2 2 and 4
3 2 and 6
4 3 and 6

Answer:2 and 6
2 Which of the following is NOT a factor for poor academic performance among low socio-economic status students ?
1 Resistance culture
2 Tracking
3 Learned Helplessness
4 Family size

Answer:Family size
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3 What are the attitudes, goals and strategies of Failure Avoiding Students ?
1 High fear of failure, very high or very low goals and self defeating strategies.
2 Expectations of failure, very high or very low goals and self defeating strategies.
3 High fear of failure, very high or very low goals and learned helplessness.
4 High fear of failure, no goals, learned helplessness

Answer:High fear of failure, very high or very low goals and self defeating strategies.
4 Hunger is caused by I. Expectation of food II. Deficiency of energy III. Homeostatic disturbance IV. Deficiency of Oxygen

Codes:

1 I
2 I, II
3 I, II, III
4 I, II, III, IV

Answer:I, II, III
5 Arrange the developmental stages of language given by Vygotsky in correct sequence, given below :

1. Potential concept stage

2. Vague syncretic stage

3. Mature concept stage

4. Complex stage

Codes:

1 3, 1, 4, 2
2 2, 4, 1, 3
3 1, 3, 2, 4
4 4, 2, 3, 1

Answer:2, 4, 1, 3
6 A person while intrinsically motivated does not seek ____ when performing, choose the correct code :

1. Enjoyment

2. Reward

3. Challenge

4. Avoidance of punishment

Codes:

1 1 and 2
2 2 and 3
3 2 and 4
4 3 and 4

Answer:2 and 4
7 I imagine becoming a renowned painter some day. I am engaging in
1 Divergent Thinking
2 Prospective Thinking
3 Creative Thinking
4 Autistic Thinking

Answer:Autistic Thinking
8 The known stimulus elicits the ______ while the unknown stimulus elicits the _______.
1 Operant Behaviour; respondent behaviour
2 Operant Behaviour; Conditioned behaviour
3 Conditioned Behaviour; Operant Behaviour
4 Respondent Behaviour; Operant Behaviour

Answer:Respondent Behaviour; Operant Behaviour
9 Escape learning involves
1 Instrumental conditioning with
2 positive reinforcement with Classical conditioning positive reinforcement
3 Classical conditioning with negative reinforcement
4 Instrumental conditioning with negative reinforcement

Answer:Instrumental conditioning with negative reinforcement
10 Which are the concepts mainly used by Sternberg in his theory of intelligence ?

1. Meta components

2. Performance components

3. Factor Analysis

4. Selective encoding

1 1, 2 and 3
2 2, 3 and 4
3 1, 2 and 4
4 1, 3 and 4

Answer:1, 2 and 4
11 While evaluating the personnel election programme, job performance was found to have a multiple correlation of 0.6 with the four predictors in the selection test battery. This means that the four predictors explain
1 36% variance in job performance
2 40% variance in job performance
3 60% variance in job performance
4 64% variance in job performance

Answer:36% variance in job performance
12 The standardized regression coefficient (β) in bivariate regression indicates
1 change in Y scores when X scores change by 1.
2 change in Y scores when X scores change by one SD.
3 Change in Z-scores of Y when X scores change by 1.
4 Change in Z-scores of Y when X scores change by 1 SD.

Answer:Change in Z-scores of Y when X scores change by 1 SD.
13 In a single group pretest-post test design, which one of the following statistical method can be best employed to evaluate the mean differences of pre and post tests ?
1 Mann-Whitney U test
2 Randomized ANOVA
3 Chi-Square
4 Repeated measures ANOVA

Answer:Repeated measures ANOVA
14 Ideas interfering with the correct solution of a problem fade during this stage of creative thinking. This stage is
1 Evaluation
2 Revision
3 Illumination
4 Incubation

Answer:Incubation
15 Which of the following strategies do not help improve memory ?
1 Use of Mnemonics
2 Minimize interference
3 Mass learning
4 Elaborative rehearsal

Answer:Mass learning

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