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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 43

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Questions
1 Read the below given statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R), indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Solution to any problem generally requires making reason from long-term goal to short-term goals, and so on.

Reason (R) : Generating short-term goals are necessary for finding the most-suitable solution to the problem.

1 Both (A) and (R) are false.
2 Statement (A) is true, but (R) is false.
3 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
4 Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of(A).

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of(A).
2 Given below are the two statements, the first labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : People tend to be more aggressive when they consume less alcohol.

Reason (R) : Alcohol impairs higher order cognitive functioning.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of(A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
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3 According to ________ theory, thoughts and feeling change because people are motivated to justify emotions that would otherwise seem hypothetical. This theory was proposed by _______.
1 Dissonance; Festinger
2 Cognitive dissonance; Festinger
3 Cognitive dissonance; Baron
4 Normative social influence; Baron

Answer:Cognitive dissonance; Festinger
4 The well known study on obedience to authority was done by
1 Stanley Milgram
2 Solomon Asch
3 Latane and Darley
4 Zimbardo

Answer:Stanley Milgram
5 Somatic Nervous System does not activate one of the following :
1 Glands
2 Eyes
3 Ears
4 Skeletal Muscles

Answer:Glands
6 Three mountains task was used by Piaget to study ______ in children
1 Centration
2 Conservation
3 Egocentrism
4 Reversibility

Answer:Egocentrism
7 Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve describes _______.
1 The smallest difference between two stimuli necessary to detect them as different.
2 The relationship between the proportion of hits and false alarms for a constant stimulus intensity.
3 Detection of a change in a stimulus is related to the magnitude of the stimulus.
4 As the number of sensation units grows arithmetically the stimulus intensity increases geometrically.

Answer:The relationship between the proportion of hits and false alarms for a constant stimulus intensity.
8 As compared to primary school students, middle school students use more of

1. Rehearsal

2. Elaboration

3. Metacognition

1 1 and 2
2 1 and 3
3 2 and 3
4 1, 2 and 3

Answer:1, 2 and 3
9 Arrange the following treatment methodology in order in which they got known :

1. Client Centered Therapy

2. Psychoanalytic Therapy

3. Reciprocal Inhibition Technique

4. Reinforcement Contingency

1 1, 2, 3, 4
2 2, 1, 3, 4
3 2, 1, 4, 3
4 3, 4, 1, 2

Answer:2, 1, 4, 3
10 Arrange the following tests in decreasing order of their projective ability :

Codes:

1 1, 2, 3, 4
2 4, 3, 2, 1
3 3, 2, 1, 4
4 2, 3, 1, 4

Answer:4, 3, 2, 1
11 Given below are two statements,Assertion(A) and Reason(R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below : Assertion (A) : The most important neurotransmitter implicated in schizophrenia is Dopamine. Reason (R) : Clinical evidence suggests that drugs which reduce the level of dopamine in the brain also give rise to psychotic states like schizophrenia.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of(A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is true, but (R) is false.
12 Given below are two statements, the first labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the given codes below :

Assertion(A) : Long term potentialism is related to neural mechanism of learning and memory.

Reason (R) : There is facilitation of synaptic transmission following high frequency electrical stimulation.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
13 Given below are two statements, the first labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the given codes below :

Assertion (A) : Information processing is a mode of attention that concerns the non-temporal information processing demands of a task.

Reason (R) : Subliminal perception is a form of perception in which stimuli are not detected or consciously perceived.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 Both (A) and (R) are false.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the explanation of (A).
14 Vestibule Training utilizes equipment which are closely ______to the actual ones, used _____.
1 resemble; on the job
2 similar; on the job
3 resemble; off the job
4 similar; off the job

Answer:resemble; on the job
15 The perspectives of motivation that identify specific needs

Codes:

1 Content Theories
2 Process Theory of Motivation
3 Equity Theory and OB Mode Theory
4 Expectancy Theories

Answer:Content Theories

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