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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 47

Questions
1 Which of the following strategies is classified as “problem-focused” rather than “emotion focused” ?
1 Engaging in cognitive reappraisal
2 Learning techniques of relaxation
3 Seeking social support
4 Engaging in physical exercise

Answer:Engaging in cognitive reappraisal
2 A person after seeing the different colours of water in the sea of Kanyakumari has written a poem. This may be due to
1 Heuristics
2 Imaginal thought
3 Motoric thought
4 Propositional thought

Answer:Propositional thought
3 One of the following types of love does not belong to Rollo May’s classification of love
1 Eros
2 Phila
3 Agape
4 Narcissism

Answer:Narcissism
4 A psychologist employed in the school, at the instruction of school authorities, administered an IQ test to the school children and displayed the scores on the notice board. This is an
1 ethically incorrect practice since it violates confidentiality.
2 ethically incorrect practice since it violates informed consent.
3 ethically correct practice in view of the transparent policies of the school.
4 ethically correct practice provided the IQ scores are not taken into consideration while giving grades.

Answer:ethically incorrect practice since it violates confidentiality.
5 Given below are two statements, one labelled as an Assertion (A) and the other labelled as a Reason (R).

Assertion (A) : The method of paired comparison is especially suited for scaling the large number of stimuli.

Reason (R) : The method of paired comparison usually employs law of comparative judgements for getting scale values.

In the context of the above statements, which one of the ollowing is correct ?

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is false, but (R) is true.
6 Which of the following is/are the process theories of work motivation ?

1. McClelland’s theory of needs.

2. Herzberg’s two-factor theory of work motivation.

3. Porter-Lawler’s performance satisfaction theory.

4. Vroom’s expectancy theory.

Codes:

1 4 only
2 1 & 3 only
3 2 & 4 only
4 3 & 4 only

Answer:3 & 4 only
7 The technique involved in guidance which is called “The heart of the guidance programme” is
1 The case study
2 The interview
3 The cumulative record
4 Aptitude test

Answer:Aptitude test
8 Read each of the following two statements-Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Signal detection theory measures two components of a person’s ability to detect signals–perceptual sensitivity and decision criterion.

Reason (R) : Studies of vigilance have revealed that the ability to detect an event is dependent on various factors such as training and expectations.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R)is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R)is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R)is not the correct explanation of (A).
9 According to Elizabeth Kubler-Ross most people experience predictable stages when they face impending death. Which is the correct sequence of the stages ?
1 Anger, sadness, bargaining, denial, acceptance
2 Bargaining, anger, denial, sadness, acceptance
3 Acceptance, anger, bargaining, denial, sadness
4 Denial, anger, bargaining, sadness, acceptance

Answer:Denial, anger, bargaining, sadness, acceptance
10 Which of the following describes the cognitive triad of depression ?
1 Helplessness,sleeplessness, worthlessness
2 Thoughtlessness, worthlessness, sleeplessness
3 Hopelessness, worthlessness, thoughtlessness
4 Hopelessness, worthlessness, helplessness

Answer:Hopelessness, worthlessness, helplessness
11 The speech delivered by Ex-Prime Minister of India at UN was enjoyed by delegates. The speech consisted of the formation as
1 Phonemes, Words, Morphemes, Phrases
2 Phonemes,Morphemes, Words, Phrases
3 Morphemes, Phonemes, Words, Phrases
4 Morphemes, Phonemes, Phrases, Words

Answer:Phonemes,Morphemes, Words, Phrases
12 Many responses are possible in any learning situation. That response which brings about reinforcement rapidly with least amount of effort is most likely to occur first. If that is blocked, the animal will prefer the next shortest route, and so on. This is known as
1 habit strength
2 generalized habit strength
3 habit family hierarchy
4 frustration drive stimulus

Answer:habit family hierarchy
13 Different item functioning probably reveals
1 Administration bias
2 Construct bias
3 Interpretation bias
4 Predictive bias

Answer:Construct bias
14 Immunity system’s functioning is most likely to increase when
1 People just share about their problems.
2 They are taught repressor coping styles.
3 They practice effective stress management techniques.
4 The general adaptation syndrome begins.

Answer:They practice effective stress management techniques.
15 Situations in which each person can increase his/her individual gains by acting in a certain way, but if all (or most) persons act that same way, the outcomes experienced by all is reduced. This phenomenon is known as
1 Social loafing
2 Social dilemmas
3 Reciprocity
4 Conflict

Answer:Social dilemmas

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