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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 48

1 Which of the following beliefs does not underly a person’s ability to regulate his/her feelings in order to lessen negative effect of stressful conditions ?
1 People can have the most pleasure if they give up short-term pleasures.
2 People should strive to experience emotions that are pro-individual and prosocial.
3 People should strive to experience no emotion.
4 The best emotions to feel are those that are appropriate to the situation, including painful ones.

Answer:People should strive to experience no emotion.
2 In treating which of the following conditions ‘mand’ is used as the central principle of behaviour modification ?
1 Anxiety
2 Autism
3 Anhedonia

3 Which one of the following does not belong to the mechanism of operant learning ?
1 Events that follow an action
2 Involuntary response
3 Process that weakens or suppresses behaviour
4 Use of consequences to strengthen behaviour.

Answer:Involuntary response
4 The art of establishing trust, respect and co-operation in a relationship is referred to as
1 Personal distance
2 Continuation behaviour
3 Use of humor
4 Rapport

5 Read the following two statements : Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Individuals take high risk in mountaineering

Reason (R) : Intrinsic motivation is the desire to be effective and to perform a behaviour for its own sake.


1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of(A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of(A).
6 The procedure called ‘semantic priming’ is used to study which of the following phenomena ?
1 Signal detection ability
2 Field dependence – independence
3 Locus of control
4 Subliminal perception

Answer:Subliminal perception
7 Given below are two statements : Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Indicate your answer using following codes :

Assertion (A) : Ingratiation is a technique for gaining compliance from other person in which requester first introduces himself/herself to the target person as an authority and then asks to comply his/her order.

Reason (R) : Ingratiation induces liking in target person for requester and attempts to change target person’s behaviour in one’s favour.


1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is false, but (R) is true.
8 One of the following tests do not belong to self-concept instrumentation :
1 Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale
2 CoopersmithSelf-esteem Inventories
3 The Self-perception Inventory
4 Body-image Questionnaire

Answer:Body-image Questionnaire
9 Our expectancies, learning, past experiences and cultural factors play a critical role in shaping our perception. This is well explained by
1 Information processing approach
2 Bottom-upprocessing approach
3 Top-down processing approach
4 Hierarchical processing approach

Answer:Top-down processing approach
10 Which of the following is not correct about the two hemispheres of the brain ?
1 The two hemispheres of human brain are connected by a complex network of neurons called the corpus callosum.
2 The left hemisphere, in most people, is involved in verbal and analytic behaviour and is more dominant.
3 The right hemisphere, in most people, is more involved in non-verbal thinking such as spatial problem-solving and is less dominant.
4 The brain has two hemispheres in human being only.

Answer:The brain has two hemispheres in human being only.
11 Recent researches show that creativity is correlated with :

1. Intelligence

2. Psychoticism

3. Openness to experience

4. Agreeableness


1 1 only
2 1 and 4
3 1, 3 and 4
4 1, 2 and 3

Answer:1, 2 and 3
12 Which of the following theorists hold the deterministic assumption of human nature ?

1. Erickson

2. Murray

3. Adler

4. Maslow


1 1 and 2
2 3 and 4
3 1 and 3
4 2 and 3

Answer:1 and 2
13 According to Piaget changes in schemes occur due to the following processes :

1. Organization

2. Circular reaction

3. Adaptation

4. Mental representation


1 1 and 2 only
2 1 and 3 only
3 2, 3 and 4 only
4 1, 3 and 4 only

Answer:1 and 3 only
14 Substantially higher performance scores than verbal scores on the subtests of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) indicates
1 Gender differences
2 Learning difficulties
3 Genetic influences
4 Cultural biases

Answer:Learning difficulties
15 Ruchi remembers that when she was eight year old she was whimsical. This memory of Ruchi is called
1 Episodic memory
2 Semantic memory
3 Sensory memory
4 Amnesic memory

Answer:Episodic memory

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