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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 52

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Questions
1 Given below are two statements, one labelled as an Assertion (A) and the other labelled as a Reason (R).

Assertion (A) : The method of paired comparison is especially suited for scaling the large number of stimuli.

Reason (R) : The method of paired comparison usually employs law of comparative judgements for getting scale values.

In the context of the above statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is false, but (R) is true.
2 Which of the following is/are the process theories of work motivation ?

1. McClelland’s theory of needs.

2. Herzberg’s two-factor theory of work motivation.

3. Porter-Lawler’s performance satisfaction theory.

4. Vroom’s expectancy theory.

Codes:

1 4 only
2 1 & 3 only
3 2 & 4 only
4 3 & 4 only

Answer:3 & 4 only
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3 The technique involved in guidance which is called “The heart of the guidance programme” is
1 The case study
2 The interview
3 The cumulative record
4 Aptitude test

Answer:Aptitude test
4 According to Elizabeth Kubler-Ross most people experience predictable stages when they face impending death. Which is the correct sequence of the stages
1 Anger, sadness, bargaining, denial, acceptance
2 Bargaining, anger, denial, sadness, acceptance
3 Acceptance, anger, bargaining, denial, sadness
4 Denial, anger, bargaining, sadness, acceptance

Answer:Denial, anger, bargaining, sadness, acceptance
5 Which of the following describes the cognitive triad of depression ?
1 Helplessness,sleeplessness, worthlessness
2 Thoughtlessness, worthlessness, sleeplessness
3 Hopelessness, worthlessness, thoughtlessness
4 Hopelessness, worthlessness, helplessness

Answer:Hopelessness, worthlessness, helplessness
6 The speech delivered by Ex-Prime Minister of India at UN was enjoyed by delegates. The speech consisted of the formation as
1 Phonemes, Words, Morphemes, Phrases
2 Phonemes,Morphemes, Words, Phrases
3 Morphemes, Phonemes, Words, Phrases
4 Morphemes, Phonemes, Phrases, Words

Answer:Phonemes,Morphemes, Words, Phrases
7 Many responses are possible in any learning situation. That response which brings about reinforcement rapidly with least amount of effort is most likely to occur first. If that is blocked, the animal will prefer the next shortest route, and so on. This is known as
1 habit strength
2 generalized habit strength
3 habit family hierarchy
4 frustration drive stimulus

Answer:habit family hierarchy
8 Different item functioning probably reveals
1 Administration bias
2 Construct bias
3 Interpretation bias
4 Predictive bias

Answer:Construct bias
9 Immunity system’s functioning is most likely to increase when
1 People just share about their problems.
2 They are taught repressor coping styles.
3 They practice effective stress management techniques.
4 The general adaptation syndrome begins.

Answer:They practice effective stress management techniques.
10 Situations in which each person can increase his/her individual gains by acting in a certain way, but if all (or most) persons act that same way, the outcomes experienced by all is reduced. This phenomenon is known as
1 Social loafing
2 Social dilemmas
3 Reciprocity
4 Conflict

Answer: Social dilemmas
11 Which of the following beliefs does not underly a person’s ability to regulate his/her feelings in order to lessen negative effect of stressful conditions ?
1 People can have the most pleasure if they give up short-term pleasures.
2 People should strive to experience emotions that are pro-individual and prosocial.
3 People should strive to experience no emotion.
4 The best emotions to feel are those that are appropriate to the situation, including painful ones.

Answer:People should strive to experience no emotion.
12 In treating which of the following conditions ‘mand’ is used as the central principle of behaviour modification ?
1 Anxiety
2 Autism
3 Anhedonia
4 ADHD

Answer:Autism
13 Which one of the following does not belong to the mechanism of operant learning ?
1 Events that follow an action
2 Involuntary response
3 Process that weakens or suppresses behaviour
4 Use of consequences to strengthen behaviour.

Answer:Involuntary response
14 The art of establishing trust, respect and co-operation in a relationship is referred to as
1 Personal distance
2 Continuation behaviour
3 Use of humor
4 Rapport

Answer:Rapport
15 Read the following two statements : Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Individuals take high risk in mountaineering.

Reason (R) : Intrinsic motivation is the desire to be effective and to perform a behaviour for its own sake.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

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