Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 66

Questions
1 Applied behaviour analysis involves four steps. Which of the following two pairs are included ?

1. Define and observe

2. Enumerate and reward

3. Observe and reinforce

4. Intervene and test

Codes:

1 (1) and (2) are correct.
2 (1) and (4) are correct.
3 (2) and (4) are correct.
4 (3) and (4) are correct.

Answer:(1) and (4) are correct.
2 Which one of the following theories predicts that work motivation will be low if an employee perceives that an increased effort will have little, or no effect on his/her performance ?
1 Just-world theory
2 Need-drive theory
3 Expectancy theory
4 Normative theory

Answer:Expectancy theory
3 Assertion (A) : If higher order factor analysis is to be carried out, first order factors should not be subjected to varimax rotation.

Reason (R) : Varimax rotation provides oblique factors.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is true but (R) is false.
4 Which of the following is not a component of Emotional Intelligence as described by Mayer and Salovey.

1. The ability to use emotions to facilitate thinking.

2. The ability to perceive, appraise and express emotions accurately.

3. The ability to perceive, appraise and express emotions appropriately.

4. The ability to adapt to new and different contexts, select appropriate contexts and effectively shape one’s environment to suit one’s needs.

Codes:

1 4 only
2 1 and 4
3 1, 2 and 4
4 1, 3 and 4

Answer:4 only
5 Which of the following are the characteristics of Cattell’s Culture Fair Intelligence Test ?

1. Speed

2. Power

3. Non-verbal

4. Performance

Codes:

1 1 and 3
2 1, 2 and 3
3 1, 2 and 4
4 1 and 2

Answer:1, 2 and 3
6 Technique of shaping is based on which of the following principle ?
1 Reciprocal inhibition
2 Response inhibition
3 Stimulus discrimination
4 Successive approximation

Answer:Successive approximation
7 What did Chomsky not argue about language development ?
1 There is a universal grammar.
2 It is genetically wired.
3 There is an innate modular language.
4 It is based on reinforced learning.

Answer:It is based on reinforced learning.
8 What are the two types of declarative memory given by Edel Tulving ?
1 Episodic and semantic
2 Semantic and procedural
3 Reconstructive and semantic
4 Procedural and reconstructive

Answer:Episodic and semantic
9 Assertion (A) : Illusions are instances in which perception yields false interpretation of physical reality.

Reason (R) : Theory of misapplied constancy suggests that when looking at illusions, we interpret certain cues as suggesting that some parts are farther than others because of our powerful tendency toward size constancy.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true but (R) is false.
4 Both (A) and (R) are false.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
10 Components of empathy are :
1 Perceiving and Advancing
2 Advancing and Interpreting
3 Judging and Communicating
4 Perceiving and Communicating

Answer:Perceiving and Communicating
11 Which is not the component of Kluver-Bucy syndrome following the removal of anterior temporal lobes ?
1 Rejection of anything that is edible.
2 A tendency to investigate objects with the mouth.
3 Lack of fear.
4 Increased sexual activity often directed at inappropriate objects.

Answer:Rejection of anything that is edible.
12 A listener totally rejects the conclusion that the death penalty is justified for the purpose of preventing further social evil despite he cannot readily refute the premises the speaker is presenting for his conclusion. His reasoning is biased. Why ?
1 Due to his mood states
2 Due to his beliefs
3 Confirmation bias
4 Hindsight

Answer:Due to his beliefs
13 Jensen uses Regression argument to account for :
1 Genetic contribution in abilities
2 Context specific abilities
3 Group differences in intelligence
4 Age related changes in intelligence

Answer:Group differences in intelligence
14 Bio feedback therapy is based on which of the following ?
1 Classical conditioning
2 Observational learning
3 Operant conditioning
4 Cognitive learning

Answer:Operant conditioning
15 According to Freud, different types of anxiety are :

1. Neurotic anxiety

2. State anxiety

3. Moral anxiety

4. Reality anxiety

1 1, 2 and 3 only
2 1, 2 and 4 only
3 1, 3 and 4 only
4 2, 3 and 4 only

Answer:1, 3 and 4 only

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