# SSC CGL Syllabus 2023

## SSC CGL Syllabus 2023

The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts the SSC CGL Exam to recruit candidates for various posts, and it is essential for aspirants to gather all the necessary information about the exam, including the syllabus and exam pattern. The SSC CGL syllabus outlines the subjects and topics from which questions will be asked in the exam. It covers four sections, namely General Intelligence and Reasoning, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude, and English Comprehension. Candidates should be well-versed in each of these sections and prepare for all the tiers of the exam to increase their chances of success.

### SSC CGL Exam Pattern

The Examination will be conducted in three tiers as indicated below:

• Tier -I -- Computer Based (Objective Multiple Choice Type)
• Tier -II -- Computer Based (Objective Multiple Choice Type)
• Tier -III -- Descriptive Paper in English / Hindi ( Pen and paper mode)
• Tier-IV-- Skill Test/Computer Proficiency Test (Wherever Applicable )

Final merit list is prepared on the basis of marks in Tier-I, Tier-II & Tier-III.

SSC CGL Tier 1 and Tier 2 Exam Syllabus:

SSC CGL Tier-I Exam Pattern:

• General Intelligence and Reasoning (25 Questions) - 50 marks
• General Awareness (25 Questions) -50 marks
• Quantitative Aptitude (25 Questions) – 50 marks
• English Comprehensive (25 Questions) - 50 marks
• Total Marks – 200
• Duration: 60 Minutes

SSC CGL Tier-I Syllabus- Quantitative Aptitude:

1. Computation of whole numbers
2. Decimals
3. Fractions
4. Relationships between numbers
5. Profit and Loss
6. Discount
8. Mixture and Alligation
9. Time and distance
10. Time & Work
11. Percentage
12. Ratio & Proportion
13. Square roots
14. Averages
15. Interest
16. Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds
17. Graphs of Linear Equations
18. Triangle and its various kinds of centres
19. Congruence and similarity of triangles
20. Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles
21. Triangle
23. Regular Polygons
24. Right Prism
25. Right Circular Cone
26. Right Circular Cylinder
27. Sphere
28. Heights and Distances
29. Histogram
30. Frequency polygon
31. Bar diagram & Pie chart
32. Hemispheres
33. Rectangular Parallelepiped
34. Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base
35. Trigonometric ratio
37. Standard Identities
38. Complementary angles

SSC CGL Tier-I Syllabus- General Intelligence and Reasoning:

1. Analogies
2. Similarities and differences
3. Space visualization
4. Spatial orientation
5. Problem-solving
6. Analysis
7. Judgment
8. Blood Relations
9. Decision making
10. Visual memory
11. Discrimination
12. Observation
13. Relationship concepts
14. Arithmetical reasoning
15. Figural classification
16. Arithmetic number series
17. Non-verbal series
18. Coding and decoding
19. Statement conclusion
20. Syllogistic reasoning

SSC CGL Syllabus for English Language:

SSC CGL Tier-I Syllabus- English Language

1. Idioms and Phrases
2. One word Substitution
3. Sentence Correction
4. Error Spotting
5. Fill in the Blanks
6. Spellings Correction
8. Synonyms-Antonyms
9. Active Passive
10. Sentence Rearrangement
11. Sentence Improvement
12. Cloze test

SSC CGL Syllabus for General Awareness

This section would be helpful for testing the candidate's awareness about General Knowledge and General Science and their application to society. Though the syllabus of this section is vast in terms of the following topics.

SSC CGL Tier-I General Awareness Syllabus

1. India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research
2. Science
3. Current Affairs
4. Books and Authors
5. Sports
6. Important Schemes
7. Important Days
8. Portfolio
9. People in News
10. Static GK

SSC CGL Tier-II Exam Pattern:

 SSC CGL Tier 2 Paper 1 Sections Module Subject No. of Questions Marks Weightage Section I Module-I Mathematical Abilities 30 90 23% Module-II Reasoning and General Intelligence 30 90 23% Section II Module-I English Language and Comprehension 45 135 35% Module-II General Awareness 25 75 19% Section III Module-I Computer Knowledge Test 20 60 Qualifying Module-II Data Entry Speed Test One Data Entry Task Qualifying SSC CGL Tier 2 Paper 2 & 3 Paper Section No. of question Maximum Marks Duration Paper II Statistics 100 200 2 hours Paper III General Studies (Finance and Economics) 100 200 2 hours

Module-I of Session-I of Paper-I (Mathematical Abilities):

 Topics Sub-topics Number Systems Computation of Whole Number Decimal and Fractions Relationship between numbers Fundamental arithmetical operations Percentages Ratio and Proportion Square roots Averages Interest (Simple and Compound) Profit and Loss Discount Partnership Business Mixture and Alligation Time and distance Time and work Algebra Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra and Elementary surds (simple problems) Graphs of Linear Equations Geometry Similarity with elementary geometric figures and facts: Triangle and its various kinds of centres Congruence and similarity of triangles Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles. Mensuration Triangle Quadrilaterals Regular Polygons Circle Right Prism Right Circular Cone Right Circular Cylinder Sphere Hemispheres Rectangular Parallelepiped Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square Base. Trigonometry Trigonometry Trigonometric ratios Complementary angles Height and distances (simple problems only) Standard Identities Statistics and probability Use of Tables and Graphs: Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar-diagram, Pie-chart Measures of central tendency: mean, median, mode, standard deviation Calculation of simple probabilities

Module-II of Section-I of Paper-I (Reasoning and General Intelligence):

Questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. These will include questions on

Module-II of Section-I of Paper-I (Reasoning and General Intelligence)

1. Semantic Analogy
2. Symbolic operations, Symbolic/ Number Analogy, Trends
3. Figural Analogy
4. Space Orientation
5. Semantic Classification
6. Venn Diagrams
7. Symbolic/ Number
8. Classification
9. Drawing inferences
10. Figural Classification
11. Punched hole/ pattern-folding & unfolding
12. Semantic Series
13. Figural Patternfolding and completion
14. Number Series
15. Embedded figures
16. Figural Series
17. Critical Thinking
18. Problem Solving
19. Emotional Intelligence
20. Word Building
21. Social Intelligence
22. Coding and de-coding
23. Numerical operations
24. Other sub-topics, if any.

Module-I of Section-II of Paper-I (English Language And Comprehension):

In the SSC CGL Tier-2 Exam, fluency in the English Language is evaluated through a specific section of the syllabus. To perform well in this section, candidates must possess a fundamental understanding of English, including the topics listed in the syllabus. The reading comprehension portion of the syllabus is included to assess the candidates' ability to react quickly to situations, and the topics are not specified..

Module-I of Section-II of Paper-I (English Language And Comprehension)

1. Vocabulary
2. English Grammar
3. Sentence structure
4. Spot the Error
5. Fill in the Blanks,
6. Synonyms/Homonyms
7. Antonyms
8. Spellings/ Detecting misspelt words
9. Idioms & Phrases
10. One word substitution
11. Improvement of Sentences,
12. Active/ Passive Voice of Verbs
13. Conversion into Direct/ Indirect narration
14. Shuffling of Sentence parts
15. Shuffling of Sentences in a passage,
16. Cloze Passage
17. Comprehension Passage- To test comprehension, three or more paragraphs will be given and questions based on those will be asked. At least one paragraph should be a simple one based on a book or a story and the other two paragraphs should be on current affairs, based on a report or an editorial.

Module-II of Section-II of Paper-I (General Awareness):

Questions are designed to test the candidates’ general awareness of the environment around them and its application to society. Questions are also designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of an educated person. The test will also include questions relating

Module-II of Section-II of Paper-I (General Awareness)

1. India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research
2. Science
3. Current Affairs
4. Books and Authors
5. Sports
6. Important Schemes
7. Important Days & Dates
8. Portfolio
9. People in News

Module-I of Section-III of Paper-I (Computer Proficiency):

 Topics Sub-Topics Computer Basics Organization of a computer Central Processing Unit (CPU) Input/ output devices Computer memory Memory organization Back- up devices PORTs Windows Explorer Keyboard shortcuts Software Windows Operating system including basics of Microsoft Office like MS word, MS Excel and Power Point etc Working with Internet and e-mails Web Browsing & Searching, Downloading & Uploading, Managing an E-mail Account, e-Banking Basics of networking and cyber security Networking devices and protocols, Network and information security threats (like hacking, virus, worms, Trojan etc.) and preventive measures

SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus- Paper 2 (Statistics)

For some candidate, this section might be tough & difficult to understand. The basic tip is to get the concept clear and repetitive revision of the concepts would be beneficial to grab good marks in this section too. The SSC CGL Tier-2 Syllabus for Statistics is described as follows-

 SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus- Paper 2 (Statistics) Subject Topics 1. Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions. 2. Measures of Central Tendency Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles. 3. Measures of Dispersion- Common measures of Dispersion range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion. 4. Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis Different types of moments and their relationship; the meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis. 5. Correlation and Regression Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman‟s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only). 6. Probability Theory Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes‟ theorem. 7. Random Variable and Probability Distributions Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete). 8. Sampling Theory Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions. 9. Statistical Inference Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals. 10. Analysis of Variance Analysis of one-way classified data and two-way classified data. 11. Time Series Analysis Components of time series, Determination of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods. 12. Index Numbers Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.

SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus: Paper 3 (General Studies-Finance and Economics)

Paper 3 of tier 2 exam is not conducted for all the candidates who have applied for CGL exam, but for only those who have applied for the Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer post.100 questions will be asked in this exam which will be of 200 marks. This paper tests the candidate’s knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of financial and economic concepts, principles, and theories. Check the detailed SSC CGL syllabus for Finance and Economics provided below:

Part A: Finance and Accounts- ( 80 marks)

Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting

• Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
• Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, Ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation, Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Non-profit organisations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers

Part B: Economics and Governance - (120 marks)

• Comptroller & Auditor General of India - Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility
• Finance Commission - Role and functions
• Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Microeconomics - Definition, scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve
• Theory of Demand and Supply - Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer's behaviour
• Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply.
• Theory of Production and cost - Meaning and Factors of production; Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
• Forms of Market and price determination in different markets - Various forms of markets - Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets
• Indian Economy -
• Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth;
• National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.
• Population-Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.
• Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.
• Infrastructure-Energy, Transportation, Communication.
• Economic Reforms in India - Economic reforms since 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation and Disinvestment.
• Money and Banking -
• Monetary/ Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks.
• Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.
• Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003
• Role of Information Technology in Governance-:- Questions in Module-I of Section- I of Paper-I (Mathematical Abilities) will be of Matriculation Level, in Module-I of Section- II of Paper-I (English Language and Comprehension) of 10+2 Level and in Paper-II and Paper-III of Graduation Level.

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