Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 16 September 2023, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.
So, here is the Top News of the Day for 16 September to help you prepare the Latest Current Affairs part. After reading this section, you can successfully attempt Current Affairs Quiz.
Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 16 September 2023
Every year on September 16th, World Ozone Day, also known as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, is observed.This day serves as a reminder of the critical role played by the ozone layer in safeguarding our planet Earth. The ozone layer, which is mostly formed of Trioxygen molecules (O3), acts as a protection against the sun’s harmful Ultraviolet (UV) rays.
The 2023 Theme
The topic of World Ozone Day 2023 is “Montreal Protocol: Fixing the Ozone Layer and Reducing Climate Change.” This theme emphasizes the pivotal role of the Montreal Protocol in not only protecting the ozone layer but also mitigating climate change.
Historical Perspective of World Ozone Day
The Ozone Layer Depletion Crisis
The worrying discovery of ozone layer depletion gave rise to World Ozone Day. Scientists discovered a huge hole in the ozone layer above Antarctica in the 1970s and 1980s. This discovery raised urgent concerns about the potential consequences for human health and the environment.
The Montreal Protocol
On 16th September 1987, a landmark environmental treaty known as the Montreal Protocol was established in Montreal, Canada. This protocol marked a turning point in the global effort to combat the depletion of the ozone layer. It specifically targeted Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS), including Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), Halons, Carbon Tetrachloride, and Methyl Chloroform.
The Significance of World Ozone Day
One of the primary objectives of World Ozone Day is to educate people worldwide about the crucial role of the ozone layer in preserving life on Earth. By increasing awareness, individuals and communities are better equipped to take action to protect this vital shield.
Celebrating Success: The Montreal Protocol
World Ozone Day provides an opportunity to celebrate the remarkable achievements of the Montreal Protocol. This international agreement has been instrumental in fixing the ozone layer and reducing the harmful impact of ozone depletion on our planet.
Combating Climate Change
The 2023 theme underscores an important connection – the link between ozone layer protection and climate change mitigation. By reducing the use of ozone-depleting substances, the Montreal Protocol has not only protected the ozone layer but has also contributed significantly to efforts to combat climate change.
Ultimately, World Ozone Day serves as a call to action. It encourages governments, organizations, and individuals to continue their efforts in safeguarding the ozone layer, reducing emissions of ozone-depleting substances, and advancing environmental sustainability.
In conclusion, World Ozone Day is a vital occasion that reminds us of the significance of the ozone layer and the ongoing efforts to protect it. We can work together to rebuild the ozone layer and prevent climate change through the Montreal Protocol and global awareness, ensuring a healthier and more sustainable future for future generations.
The International Day of Interventional Cardiology, observed annually on September 16, is an important event dedicated to recognising the critical field of interventional cardiology and its effect on global heart health. This day serves as a platform to raise awareness, acknowledge advancements, and emphasize the importance of interventional cardiology in saving lives.
History International Day for Interventional Cardiology
Interventional cardio-angiology improves health, increases life expectancy and improves the quality of life. The first coronary angioplasty was performed by Dr. Andreas Grüntzig on 16 September 1977. Since then angioplasty has been the procedure that has saved the most grams of myocardium at risk worldwide.
In September 2022, the General Assembly decided to proclaim 16 September as International Day for Interventional Cardiology and invited stakeholders to observe annually the International Day for Interventional Cardiology in an appropriate manner and in accordance with national priorities, in order to raise public awareness of cardiovascular diseases and procedures, related complications, as well as prevention and care, including through education and the mass media.
Significance of International Day for Interventional Cardiology
- Raising Awareness: The International Day of Interventional Cardiology is critical in boosting public awareness of cardiac disease and the role of interventional cardiology in its diagnosis and treatment. It educates individuals about the importance of early detection and timely intervention.
- Highlighting Innovation: This day serves as a platform to showcase the latest innovations and breakthroughs in interventional cardiology. It recognizes the tireless efforts of healthcare professionals and researchers in developing cutting-edge technologies and techniques to save lives.
- Preventing Heart Disease: Interventional cardiology procedures not only treat heart conditions but also have a preventive aspect. Promoting a healthy lifestyle, regular check-ups, and early intervention can reduce the risk of heart disease.
- Global Collaboration: The International Day of Interventional Cardiology promotes international cooperation among healthcare organisations, governments, and medical practitioners. It emphasizes the need for international cooperation in addressing the global burden of heart diseases.
- Saving Lives: Ultimately, this day underscores how interventional cardiology has transformed the treatment landscape, allowing for less invasive procedures and faster recoveries. It highlights that early diagnosis and appropriate interventions can significantly increase the chances of survival and improve the quality of life for individuals with heart conditions.
In a significant move towards promoting clean mobility and bolstering the commercial vehicle industry, Ashok Leyland, a flagship company of the Hinduja Group, announced on Friday, September 15, its plans to invest ₹1,000 crore in Uttar Pradesh. This considerable investment will be used to create a cutting-edge bus manufacturing factory in the state, marking the company’s first foray in the state.
Phased Investment Approach
To kickstart the development of this facility, Ashok Leyland is allocating an initial investment of ₹200 crore. This initial phase will lay the foundation for the larger project, which is expected to reach ₹1,000 crore in investment over the next five years.
Green Mobility Hub Near Lucknow
The proposed manufacturing facility is set to be located near Lucknow, positioning it strategically within the state. In keeping with Ashok Leyland’s commitment to address environmental concerns and embrace sustainability, this hub will act as a beacon for clean and eco-friendly mobility solutions.
Capacity and Growth
Upon commencement of operations, the manufacturing facility will have an initial capacity to produce 2,500 buses annually. However, the company has grand ambitions for expansion. Over the next decade, Ashok Leyland plans to gradually increase this capacity to accommodate up to 5,000 vehicles per year. This forward-looking approach aligns with the expected surge in demand for electric and other eco-friendly buses in the coming years.
A Vision for the Future
Ashok Leyland currently holds the position of being India’s second-largest commercial vehicle manufacturer, with Tata Motors leading the industry. This new manufacturing plant in Uttar Pradesh will become Ashok Leyland’s seventh vehicle plant in India. Ashok Leyland’s substantial investment in Uttar Pradesh’s clean mobility-focused manufacturing facility is poised to play a pivotal role in propelling India’s commercial vehicle industry toward a greener and more sustainable future. This move also aligns with the company’s goal of achieving net-zero emissions by 2048.
Key takeaways for competitive examinations
- Ashok Leyland’s Managing Director and CEO: Shenu Agarwal
- Chairman of Ashok Leyland: Dheeraj Hinduja
On September 18, Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan will unveil a stunning 108-foot-tall statue of the great scholar Adi Shankaracharya in Omkareshwar. This monumental project, named “Eaktmta Ki Pratima” (Statue of Oneness), has garnered significant attention due to its grandeur and spiritual significance. The Madhya Pradesh cabinet has approved a budget of about Rs 2,141 crore for the Statue of Oneness project, symbolising the state’s commitment to preserve its rich cultural and religious heritage.
Honoring Adi Shankaracharya: A Pillar of Hinduism
The towering structure is a tribute to Adi Shankaracharya, an influential and revered figure in Hinduism, known for his profound philosophical contributions. Omkareshwar, located approximately 80 kilometers from Indore on the banks of the Narmada river, has long been recognized as a global center for the Advaita Vedanta philosophy, championed by Adi Shankaracharya. This sacred town holds immense significance in the hearts of devotees and seekers of spiritual wisdom.
According to an official release, the construction of the 108-foot statue on Omkareshwar’s Mandhata mountain marks the start of the first phase of a multi-phase development project.
A Glimpse of the Statue
The multi-metal statue portrays Adi Shankaracharya as a 12-year-old boy, symbolizing the early years of his spiritual journey. The state government recently released a video showcasing the ongoing progress of this monumental project. Adi Shankaracharya’s childhood is particularly significant in the context of his spiritual quest. According to religious beliefs, he left Omkareshwar at the tender age of 12, embarking on a transformative journey across the country to propagate the Advaita Vedanta philosophy and elucidate its core principles to the masses.
The Spiritual Sojourn of Adi Shankaracharya
Adi Shankaracharya is believed to have arrived in Omkareshwar after embracing the life of a ‘sanyasi‘ (monk) at a remarkably young age. During his stay in this sacred city, he had the privilege of meeting his guru, Govind Bhagwadpad, and receiving profound education under his guidance. The state government has emphasized the historical and spiritual significance of this location in Adi Shankaracharya’s life.
A Holistic Development Endeavor
In addition to the magnificent statue, the Madhya Pradesh government is embarking on a holistic development initiative in Omkareshwar. This includes the establishment of a museum named “Advaita Lok,” dedicated to the promotion and preservation of unity and the Advaita Vedanta philosophy. Furthermore, an international Vedanta institute is being set up to facilitate the study and dissemination of this profound philosophy.
Another noteworthy development is the creation of an “Advaita Forest” sprawling across 36 hectares in Omkareshwar. This environmentally friendly programme is in line with the larger purpose of maintaining the region’s natural beauty and promoting consciousness about the environment.
Air India, one of India’s leading airlines, has launched ‘Project Abhinandan,’ a new initiative intended at offering passengers with a personalised and hassle-free experience, particularly when dealing with baggage issues and missing flights.Under this initiative, Air India has stationed specially trained service assurance officers (SAOs) at 16 major airports across the country to offer on-ground assistance and support to travelers.
On-Ground Assistance Network
These service assurance officers have been deployed at airports in Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Calicut, Chennai, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Varanasi, and Vishakhapatnam. These officers are strategically positioned to assist Air India passengers at various critical points during their journey, including the check-in area, lounges, near boarding gates, during transit, or at the arrival hall.
A Dedicated Team
Air India has recruited and deployed a dedicated team of 100 service assurance officers across these airports. These officers are equipped with specialized training to handle a range of passenger issues effectively, such as missed flights, delayed baggage delivery, and misconnections at airports.
Beyond Cabin Class
One noteworthy aspect of ‘Project Abhinandan’ is that these service assurance officers are available to assist any Air India guest, regardless of their booked cabin class. This ensures that passengers from all segments of the airline’s customer base receive the same high-quality support and assistance.
Complementing Existing Resources
Importantly, these service assurance officers work in tandem with the regular Air India employees and other ground handling agencies’ staff. This collaborative approach is intended to promote a smooth and efficient passenger experience at the 16 major airports where the project has been implemented. Air India’s ‘Project Abhinandan’ reflects the airline’s commitment to enhancing passenger satisfaction and streamlining the travel experience. By deploying a dedicated team of service assurance officers, Air India aims to provide passengers with the assurance that their journey will be as smooth as possible, even when they encounter unexpected challenges. This programme exemplifies Air India’s continued efforts to prioritise passenger comfort and convenience in its operations.
Exxon Mobil, with a rich legacy spanning 150 years in developing cutting-edge technologies to meet global energy demands, has made a significant announcement by appointing Bollywood actor Hrithik Roshan as the brand ambassador for its lubrication brand, Mobil™. This strategic approach is consistent with Mobil’s commitment to lubrication technology excellence and customer empowerment.
Hrithik Roshan, renowned for his confidence and boundless energy, emerges as the ideal choice to represent Mobil’s values. His persona resonates with the core brand principles of fostering confidence, driving human progress, and enabling customers to unlock their full potential.
This is not Hrithik Roshan’s first partnership with the Mobil brand. Previously, Mobil collaborated with the actor’s action thriller ‘Vikram Vedha,’ which delivered the important message of prioritising wellbeing through informed decisions.
Mobil: Serving a Century of Lubrication Needs
For over a century, Mobil has played a pivotal role in meeting the world’s lubrication requirements as a technology leader and trusted partner. Mobil products are meticulously engineered to deliver outstanding engine performance and protection for automobiles, trucks, and motorcycles.
Empowering Businesses Globally
In the business sphere, Mobil has empowered customers across diverse industries worldwide by reducing costs, enhancing productivity, and improving equipment efficiency. Mobil’s commitment to excellence extends beyond personal vehicles to address the lubrication needs of industries on a global scale.
Exxon Mobil’s selection of Hrithik Roshan as the brand ambassador for MobilTM lubricant demonstrates the company’s commitment to quality, innovation, and customer satisfaction. As Mobil continues to make strides in India and partner in the nation’s growth journey, this collaboration reinforces the message that making the right choices, both in terms of lubrication and overall wellness, is of paramount importance. With Mobil’s trusted expertise and Hrithik Roshan’s vibrant persona, the partnership aims to drive excellence in lubrication solutions and contribute to India’s progress.
World Lymphoma Awareness Day (WLAD) is commemorated annually on September 15th.It is dedicated to increasing awareness about lymphoma, a group of blood cancers that affect the lymphatic system, a crucial part of our immune system. Lymphomas can be classified into two types: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Significance of World Lymphoma Awareness Day
WLAD strives to educate the public about lymphoma, including its types, symptoms, risk factors, and available treatment options. Increased awareness can lead to earlier diagnosis and better outcomes for individuals battling lymphoma.
2. Support and Information
This day provides vital support and information to lymphoma patients and their families. It helps them understand the disease and discover available resources to navigate their journey.
WLAD emphasizes the importance of ongoing research into lymphoma. Advancements in treatment and improved survival rates often result from dedicated research efforts.
4. Reducing Stigma
Lymphoma, like many health conditions, can carry a stigma. WLAD combats this by providing accurate information and promoting understanding and empathy toward those affected by the disease.
5. Advocacy and Fundraising
Advocacy efforts are encouraged to improve access to quality healthcare for lymphoma patients. WLAD also serves as a platform for fundraising initiatives that support research and patient support programs.
History of World Lymphoma Awareness Day
WLAD’s roots can be traced back to the founding of the Lymphoma Coalition in 2002. This international network brought together lymphoma patient organizations from around the world to collaborate, share resources, and advocate for lymphoma patients.WLAD was established in 2004 to coincide with the establishment of the Lymphoma Coalition. Since then, it has been a global endeavor to raise awareness about lymphoma and its impact on patients.
What is Lymphoma?
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, a critical part of our body’s immune system. To comprehend lymphoma, it’s essential to break it down:
1. The Lymphatic System: The lymphatic system functions similarly to the body’s “security team.” It consists of lymph nodes, lymph vessels, the spleen, and bone marrow, all of which collaborate to combat infections and diseases.
2. Abnormal Cell Growth: Lymphoma occurs when certain white blood cells, called lymphocytes, grow abnormally. Instead of helping the body fight infections, these cells start multiplying out of control.
3. Two Main Types: There are two primary types of lymphoma: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). They differ based on the specific type of lymphocyte affected and how the cancer behaves.
4. Signs and Symptoms: Lymphoma symptoms might vary, but they frequently include swollen lymph nodes (which are typically painless), unexplained weight loss, exhaustion, night sweats, and itching.
5. Diagnosis and Treatment: Diagnosing lymphoma typically involves blood tests, imaging scans, and sometimes a biopsy. Treatment options can include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, or stem cell transplantation, depending on the type and stage of lymphoma.
6. Impact on the Immune System: Lymphoma can impair the immune system, making it more difficult for the body to fight infections. As a result, early detection and treatment are critical.
7. Lymphoma Is Not Contagious: It’s important to know that lymphoma is not contagious. You can’t “catch” it from someone who has it. In summary, lymphoma is a cancer that begins in the lymphatic system when certain immune cells go rogue and start growing uncontrollably. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can greatly improve a person’s chances of overcoming lymphoma.
Cross-border payments’ fintech company BriskPe and Yes Bank have partnered to introduce BriskPe A2A, a suite of solutions designed to empower exporters and importers.
This strategic partnership enables BriskPe’s customers to collect payments in over 36 foreign currencies, spanning over more than 180 countries. The funds can then be converted into Indian Rupees (INR) and settled directly into their local bank accounts in India within a single business day.
Aim: To boost the MSME sector and transform India into a global export powerhouse.
India and Japan discussed important areas of bilateral cyber cooperation today, and reviewed the progress achieved in the areas of cyber security and Information and Communication Technologies including 5G technology. Japan hosted the fifth India-Japan Cyber Dialogue in Tokyo this morning. The Indian Delegation was led by Joint Secretary, Cyber Diplomacy Division in Ministry of External Affairs, Muanpuii Saiawi.
Aim: To exchange views on the latest developments in the cyber domain and mutual cooperation at the United Nations and other multilateral and regional fora, including under the Quad framework.
Assam Governor Gulab Chand Kataria unveiled ‘Sarpanch Samvaad’ , a mobile application app of the Quality Council of India (QCI) in Raj Bhavan.
Aim: To connect approximately 2.5 lakh Sarpanchs across India, which serves as a holistic platform for networking, knowledge dissemination, and collaboration.
Through this initiative, Sarpanchs can spotlight developmental activities in their villages, learn about best practices, and foster connections nationwide.
Rail India Technical and Economic Service Limited has been honored with the ‘Safety Innovation Award 2023’, under the ‘Construction’ category, for implementing ‘Innovative Safety Management Systems’ in its operations.
The award was presented to RITES’ officials during the inaugural function of the 20th Safety Convention organized.
RITES, having multi-sectoral presence, has consistently embraced best safety practices in its operations.
- Previous Name: Rail India Technical and Economic Service Limited
- Category: Miniratna (Category – I) Schedule ‘A’ Public Sector Enterprises
- Expertise: Specializing in transportation consultancy and engineering services in India.
- Global presence: Has implemented projects in 55 countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America, South America and the Middle East.
- Current Chairman and MD: Rahul Mithal
- Headquarters: Gurugram, India
- Established: 1974