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Important Questions & Answers on Geology Optional Paper for APSC(Assam Public Service Commission) Prelims | GkSeries

1 The term lithosphere' includes the crust and the upper part of the mantle up to a depth of
1 250 kilometres
2 150 kilometres
3 400 kilometres
4 675 kilometres

Answer: 150 kilometres
2 In the solar system, which of the following planets possesses the least density?
1 Mercury
2 Mars
3 Jupiter
4 Saturn

Answer: Saturn
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3 Exfoliation occurs due to
1 running water
2 glaciers
3 fluctuation in temperature
4 strong winds

Answer: fluctuation in temperature
4 The diameter of the earth is about
1 7400 kilometres
2 13800 kilometres
3 12800 kilometres
4 21300 kilometres

Answer: 12800 kilometres
5 The element that makes up about 50% of the earth's crust is
1 silicon
2 iron
3 oxygen
4 aluminium

Answer: oxygen
6 Which one of the following is fissure eruption type?
1 Vulcanian type
2 Icelandic type
3 Bandaisan type
4 Vesuvian type

Answer: Icelandic type
7 Flat topped sea mounts are known as
1 mesa
2 guyot
3 inselberg
4 monadnock

Answer: guyot
8 Siliceous deposits formed around geysers are
1 cinders
2 geyserites
3 scoriae
4 pumice

Answer: geyserites
9 Find the odd one out of the following :
1 Frost heaving
2 Oxidation
3 Hydration
4 Solution

Answer: Frost heaving
10 The Himalayas rose from the primeval sea of
1 Atlantic
2 Tethys
3 Caspian
4 Arabian

Answer: Tethys
11 The dip of any bed is considered as
1 a vector quantity
2 a scalar quantity
3 both vector and scalar quantities
4 a quantity whose unit is not known

Answer: a vector quantity
12 Which one of the following is an example of a structure having quaquaversal dip?
1 Plateau
2 Dome
3 Basin
4 Horst

Answer: Dome
13 The shortening of bed takes place in case of
1 reverse fault
2 normal fault
3 wrench fault
4 strike slip fault

Answer: reverse fault
14 The normal fault having very lowangle dip is called
1 detachment fault
2 gravity fault
3 wrench fault
4 pivot fault

Answer: detachment fault
15 In NE India, Main Boundary Fault is present in
1 Manipur
2 Nagaland
3 Meghalaya
4 Arunachal Pradesh

Answer: Arunachal Pradesh

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