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Statement and Conclusion - Reasoning Ability Questions with Answers for Bank Exams

Questions

Directions (Qs. 11-15): In these questions, a relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by two conclusions. Give answer

A if only Conclusion I is true.
B if only Conclusion II is true.
C if either Conclusion I or II is true.
D if neither Conclusion I nor II is true.
E if both Conclusion I and II are true.

11
	Statements:	M = K, D ≤ K, R <  K

	Conclusions:	I. D = M
			II. M > D
        

Answer: Option [C]

M = K ........(i); D ≤ K .....(ii); R < K .......(iii)

From (i) and (ii), we get

M = K ≥ D

=> M ≥ D

Hence, either M > D (conclusion II) or M = D (conclusion I) is true.

12
	Statements:	F ≤ M, M > R, E ≥ F
	Conclusions:	I. M > E
			II. R ≥ E
          

Answer: Option [D]

F ≤ M.....(i); M > R......(ii); E ≥ F ............(iii)

From (i) and (iii), no specific relation can be obtained between M and E. Similarly, no specific relation can be obtained between R and E.

13
	Statements:	H = K, T < H, W ≤ T
    
	Conclusions:	I. K > W
			II. T < K
       

Answer: Option [E]

H = K ......(i); T < H .....(ii); W ≤ T ....(iii)

From (i), (ii) and (iii), we get

K = H > T ≥ W

=> K > W (conclusion I) and T < K (conclusion II).

14
	Statements:	N > A, A < L, F = N

	Conclusions:	I. L > F
			II. F > A
       	

Answer: Option [B]

N > A .... (i); A < L ...... (ii) F = N ....(iii)

From (i) and (iii), we get

F = N > A

=> F > A (conclusion II). But no specific relation can be obtained between L and F. Hence conclusion I is not necessarily true.

15
	Statements:	B ≤ D, D = M, F > M

	Conclusions:	I. B < M
			II. F > B
          

Answer: Option [B]

B ≤ D ...(i); D = M .....(ii); F > M ..... (iii)

From (i), (ii) and (iii), we get

F > M = D ≥ B

=> B ≤ M and F > B (conclusion II). Since, B ≤ M, therefore, conclusion I is not necessarily true.

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