Anthropology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Anthropology Quiz Set 23

Questions
1 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answers from the alternatives below :

Assertion (A) : Finger ball prints are unique in each and every individual.

Reason (R) : Fingerprints are not very useful in establishing the identity of a person.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation.
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer:(A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answers from the alternatives below :

Assertion (A) : A captive study allows us to closely observe non-human primates up close and personal because they would not hide in dense trees for hours on end.

Reason (R) : However, we cannot manipulate the study group’s behaviour.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer:(A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
3 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answers from the alternatives below :

Assertion (A) : Selection introduces new genes in a population.

Reason (R) : Mutation favours one of the two alleles.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are wrong
4 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answers from the alternatives below :

Assertion (A) : Very dark-skinned populations can be found in Africa, India and Melanesia.

Reason (R) : Populations from different parts of the world may have similar skin colours because they share a common environmental feature, namely, the intensity of sunlight exposure.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
5 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answers from the alternatives below :

Assertion (A) : Economists believe that economic theories cannot be applied in ‘subsistence level economies’; nor could any economic theory be derived out of their studies.

Reason (R) : ‘Medium of exchange’ is found in subsistence level economies.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer: (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
6 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answers from the alternatives below :

Assertion (A) : Unilinear evolutionists believed in parallel development of human culture from savagery through barbarism to civilization.

Reason (R) : Unilever evolutionists believed in psychic unity of mankind.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). (
7 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answers from the alternatives below :

Assertion (A) : Kingdom is considered as a ‘stateless society’ because it does not hold the characteristics of a state.

Reason (R) : Characteristics of a state are as such, a defined territory, population, sovereignty and a government.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation.
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer:(A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
8 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answers from the alternatives below :

Assertion (A) : In Euro-American societies Ambilineal descent system is prevalent.

Reason (R) : In Ambilineal descent, the members enjoy equal rights, duties and privileges from both father and mother sides.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are wrong
9 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answers from the alternatives below :

Assertion (A) : Amino-acid racemization is a relative method of dating.

Reason (R) : The method depends on principles on molecules that rotate polarized light to the left.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation.
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation.
10 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answers from the alternatives below :

Assertion (A) : Chopper chopping tools are always made on pebble cores.

Reason (R) : Hand axes are never made on pebble cores.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are wrong.
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is true, but (R) is false.
11 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer from the alternatives below.

Assertion (A) : Genetic drift is a nonrandom evolutionary force that can introduce new genetic material in a population.

Reason (R) : Genetic drift impacts on relatively small populations.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

Codes :
1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true

Answer:(A) is false, but (R) is true
12 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer from the alternatives below.

Assertion (A) : AIDS is a non-communicable disease.

Reason (R) : The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) that causes AIDS attacks a specific component of the immune system.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

Codes :
1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer:(A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
13 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer from the alternatives below.

Assertion (A) : Ramapithecus fossils, discovered in 1932 from India were earlier considered to be the first hominids.

Reason (R) : On the basis of biochemical analysis and later finds, now it is put in the Sivapithecus category, an ancestor of Orangutan.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

Codes :
1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation.
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) are (R) are wrong

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation.
14 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer from the alternatives below.

Assertion (A) : In Darwin’s theory of Natural Selection the basic unit of evolution is an individual.

Reason (R) : In Neo-Darwinism the basic unit of evolution is a population.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

Codes :
1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are correct
15 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer from the alternatives below.

Assertion (A) : Adolescent growth spurt occurs in each individual of both sexes.

Reason (R) : Adolescent growth spurt occurs earlier in females.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

Codes :
1 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are true
3 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct
4 Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true

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