Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 12 November 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.
Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 12 November 2022
Public Service Broadcasting Day 2022: Public Service Broadcasting Day is being observed on Saturday. The day is celebrated every year to commemorate the only visit of Mahatma Gandhi to the studio of All India Radio, Delhi in 1947. The Father of the Nation addressed the displaced people, who had temporarily settled at Kurukshetra in Haryana after partition. Gandhiji had reportedly said that he saw the medium of radio as Shakti, the miraculous power of God. Gandhiji began his speech saying, “My brothers and sisters who are suffering, I do not know if only you or some other people are also listening to it.
History of Public Service Broadcasting Day:
The day was declared as Public Service Broadcasting Day or (Jan Prasaran Diwas) in 2001, after it was conceptualised by Suhas Borker, Convenor, Jan Prasar. Prasar Bharati has been given the responsibility of public service broadcasting, deepen democratic traditions and provide opportunities to all diverse communities and cultures. Mahatma Gandhi had decided to visit the studio of All India Radio, to convey his message through radio, as he couldn’t visit refugees of Partition stationed at Kurukshetra in Haryana.
World Pneumonia Day 2022: World Pneumonia Day is a global event observed every year on 12 November to spread awareness and educate people to combat Pneumonia disease,which is a world’s biggest infectious killer of adults and children, responsible for the majority of death of children below five around the world. The day is also focused on creating ample opportunity and encourage for the global action mainly in the low and middle income countries to fight the toll due to pneumonia and other respiratory infection.
World Pneumonia Day 2022: Theme
This year 2022, World Pneumonia Day theme is based on the Worldwide Pneumonia Awareness Campaign – “Pneumolight 2022”, with a theme and slogan “Pneumonia Affects Everyone”, with an aim to amplify the effect of awareness campaigns by illuminating monuments worldwide. With the support of 42 nations, 228 monuments will be illuminated this year to commemorate World Pneumonia Day in an effort to increase awareness of the day’s 2022 date around the world.
Importance of World Pneumonia Day (WPD):
Pneumonia is a preventable and treatable infectious disease. Despite the availability of treatment, the death toll due to Pneumonia and other respiratory infectious disease has risen drastically in past years. In 2019, 25 lakhs people lost their lives, and around seven lakhs children below five years died due to the Pneumonia across the world.
Also, the Unprecedented COVID outbreak has added the toll to 6 lakhs death due to respiratory infectious disease in 2021, making it one of the biggest respiratory crisis putting lakhs of people at risk of infection and death.
History of World Pneumonia Day (WPD)
World Pneumonia Day was first observed on 12 November 2009, under the “Stop Pneumonia” initiatives by Global Coalition Against Child Pneumonia, a coalition of various institutions all together to fight the child mortality due to the respiratory infection. Stop Pneumonia got immense support across the globe, various Govt institutions and private organization advocated and implemented the better policies and campaigns to educate people and provide better facilities especially in the low and middle income countries where children suffers with malnutrition and air infections.
What is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is an inflammatory respiratory disorder caused due to bacteria, viruses or fungal infections which impair the air sacs of the lungs, called “Alveoli”. It results in the accumulation of fluid or pus in the air sacs, making breathing difficult. It is a contagious disease and could be fatal for the person with weaker immunity, especially in the children’s and elderly people.
NIIFL Signed An Agreement with JBIC to Boost Japanese Investments in India: The Government of India controlled National Investment and Infrastructure Fund Limited (NIIFL) announced the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) to promote and enhance Japanese investments into India.
What Has Been Said:
The MoU outlines a partnership framework between NIIFL and JBIC which is considering the establishment of a bilateral India-Japan Fund (IJF). JBIC and the Government of India will invest in the India-Japan Fund, which will make equity investments in environmental preservation and low carbon emission strategies,” said NIIFL.
“In addition, JBIC will consider providing debt financing under their Global action for Reconciling Economic growth and Environmental preservation (GREEN) initiative to investee companies of funds managed by NIIFL,” NIIFL added.
“We are delighted to partner with JBIC for this initiative. The climate sector and the energy transition in India will offer significant opportunities for investment and the India-Japan Fund, which is expected to be operational early next year, will participate in these opportunities and promote collaboration between Indian and Japanese companies. Through this partnership we aim to support the economic and environmental cooperation between India and Japan, which should translate to increased investment by Japanese companies and investors into India,” said Chief Executive Officer, NIIFL.
More About The Partnership:
The fund will enhance cooperation between the two countries by investing in strategic partnerships between Japanese and Indian companies and promoting business cooperation across multiple sectors in India.
NIIFL is an active investor in sustainable and climate friendly technologies and solutions through its investments in Ayana Renewable Power, IntelliSmart Infrastructure, Ather Energy and the Green Growth Equity Fund. The India-Japan Fund will further contribute to NIIFL having a more significant impact in this area.
Neeraj Chopra becomes ‘Friendship Ambassador’ of Switzerland: Switzerland Tourism has appointed Olympic Gold medalist Neeraj Chopra as the ‘Friendship Ambassador’. In his new role, the talented Indian sports superstar will showcase and promote the adventurous, sporty, and stunning outdoors of Switzerland to Indian travellers. As Switzerland Tourism’s ‘Friendship Ambassador’, Chopra will share his experiences in the country to showcase it as the ideal destination for outdoors and the best destination for hiking, biking, soft and extreme adventure and of course snow sports, for everyone be it beginners or seasoned pros.
The athlete also donated his gold-winning javelin to The Olympic Museum in Lausanne, Switzerland in September this year. Founded by the International Olympic Committee in 1993, the museum showcases the richness and diversity of the Olympics through history, culture, design, technology, and sociology with sport as a key element. Mary Kom’s gloves as well as Dhyan Chand’s hockey was already a part of the exhibits at the Museum.
About the Switzerland Tourism (ST):
Switzerland Tourism (ST) is a federal public corporation. Its mission, as decreed by a Federal Resolution of 16 December 1994, is to promote Switzerland as a holiday, travel and conference destination both at home and abroad. The Board comprises 13 representatives from the tourism sector, and from business and political circles. Around 220 employees work in Switzerland and in 28 countries. Switzerland Tourism opened its first office in India in 1997 in Mumbai, followed by an office in Delhi in 2000.
Switzerland Tourism works with many organizations and companies, for example, Swiss International Airlines, Swiss Embassies and Consulates and Business Councils. It also invites the representatives and agents of travel and tourism agencies every year to visit Switzerland in different times and seasons; it also invites a group of the representatives of the leading media to see the most famous Swiss tourist landmarks. Tourism in Switzerland occupies rank no. 4 in terms of export revenues following the chemical and metal industries and luxury watch-making industry.
National Fisheries Development Board awarded “India Agribusiness Awards 2022”: National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB), a vibrant organization in Hyderabad under the Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, received the “India Agribusiness Awards 2022” for the best Agribusiness Award.During the event for commemorating the services & support extended to the fisheries sector by playing a crucial and exemplary role dedicated to the stakeholders for supporting various need-based projects for technology upgradation, species diversification in aquaculture, dissemination of new and improved fish varieties, promoting seaweed cultivation, ornamental fisheries, training & capacity building etc.
Notably: While Haryana has received the ‘India Agribusiness Awards 2022’ in the best state category for their contribution in the areas of agriculture.
To bring a significant increase in fish production and productivity, improve the livelihoods of fishers, promote entrepreneurship opportunities in fisheries, employment generation, promote hygienic handling and marketing of fish and increase fish consumption.
About the India International Agro Trade and Technology Fair 2022:
The India International Agro Trade and Technology Fair 2022 was organized to commemorate the services and support extended to the fisheries sector by playing a crucial and exemplary role dedicated to the stakeholders. “AgroWorld 2022” – India International Agro Trade and Technology Fair 2022 is being held from November 9–11, 2022 at Indian Agriculture Research Institute, Pusa Campus, New Delhi. It is being organised by the Indian Chamber of Food and Agriculture (ICFA), an Indian Government body on technical collaborations with numerous national or international industrial associations and related organisations.
The fair showcased the development and modernisations achieved by key stakeholders in major sectors like food, agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, and fisheries and its extended support in various need-based projects related to:
- Technology upgradation
- Species diversification in aquaculture
- Dissemination of new and improved fish varieties
- Promoting seaweed cultivation, ornamental fisheries, training & capacity building, etc.
- Bringing significant increase in fish production and productivity
- Improving the livelihoods of fishers
- Promoting entrepreneurship opportunities in fisheries
MHA completes mother tongue survey of 576 languages : The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has successfully completed a mother tongue survey with field videography of 576 languages and dialects across the country. According to the annual report of the Home Ministry for 2021-22, it has been planned to set up a web archive at NIC to preserve and analyse the original flavour of each indigenous mother tongue. The Linguistic Survey of India is a regular research activity in the country since the 6th Five Year Plan.
“The Mother Tongue Survey of India (MTSI) project is successfully completed with field videography of 576 mother tongues,” the report said. The home ministry said the Linguistic Survey of India (LSI) is a regular research activity in the country since the 6th Five Year Plan. In continuation to earlier publications under this project, the volume on LSI Jharkhand is finalised and that on LSI Himachal Pradesh is nearing completion.
Arfa Khanum Sherwani to receive 2022 Kuldip Nayar Patrakarita Samman Award : The Gandhi Peace Foundation has announced that the prestigious Kuldip Nayar Patrakarita Samman for 2022 to Arfa Khanum Sherwani (The Wire’s senior editor) and Ajit Anjum (independent journalist and YouTuber). The announcement was made at a press conference held at New Delhi’s Press Club of India by the well-known academic and author, Ashis Nandy.
About the Kuldip Nayar Patrakarita Samman:
The award honours the legacy of journalist, author and human rights activist Kuldip Nayar and is awarded to journalists working in Indian languages contributing to democratic values and independent media. The awards will be formally conferred at a public function later in the year. Under this award received by the Gandhi Peace Foundation, a cash amount of one lakh rupees is given to the selected journalists. Apart from this, he is also honored with a citation.
The selection committee of Gandhi Peace Foundation announces one name every year after assessing the work of journalists. In this, an attempt is made to cover journalists of all Indian languages. This honor was started in 2017. Senior journalist Ravish Kumar was first awarded, followed by Marathi journalist Nikhil Wagle.
SBI report: State Bank of India has lowered the current account deficit (CAD) at 3% for this fiscal (2022-23) as against the minimum consensus of 3.5%.
Reason: Rising software exports, remittances and a likely $5-billion jump in forex reserves via swap deals.
November 2022 Current Affairs Quiz
CAD: The country is importing more goods and services than it is exporting.
The biggest impact on CAD is oil imports, which form as much as 30% of the country’s import bills.
Every USD 10 increase in crude prices impacts the Current Account Deficit (CAD) to the tune of 40 basis points while the same on fuel inflation is 50 bps and also results in 23 bps decline in growth, according to Soumyakanti Ghosh, the chief economic advisor at SBI.
CAD has a counter cyclical shock absorber, he said in a report on Thursday. Exchange rate is the major contributor to software exports growth and 40 per cent of its variation is explained by exchange rates. “If we translated these numbers in actual terms, every Re 1 fall against the dollar leads to an increase in software exports by USD 250 million”.
This, along with an expected USD 5 billion-forex reserve accrual by way of swap transactions and higher remittances, will cap CAD at 3 per cent of GDP as against the average lowest level projected for the year at 3.5 per cent, Ghosh said.
Indian Army launches single window facility ‘Veerangana Sewa Kendra’ : Indian Army has launched a single window facility named Veerangana Sewa Kendra (VSK) for welfare and grievances redressal of Veer Naris. The Indian Army has launched this facility with a motto of “Taking Care of Our Own, No Matter What”.
Veerangana Sewa Kendra (VSK) will be available as a service to the Indian Army Veterans Portal www.indianarmyveterans.gov.in. The system caters for registering grievances with tracking, monitoring and regular feedback to the applicant. Veernaris / Next of Kin will have multiple means for approaching the VSK through telephone, SMS, WhatsApp, Post, e-mail and walk-ins to seek assistance. Stakeholders can monitor the status of grievances through a Customer Relationship Management (CRM) software and the applicant will receive regular status updates through SMS and email.
The project leverages digital technology in the seamless coupling of various stakeholders i.e. Record Offices, Officers Record Office, ECHS, AWWA, Canteen Services Directorate, Colonels Veteran, Liaison Officers at PCDA (O) and PCDA (P) on a common digital platform. Non-military stakeholders like Rashtriya Sainik Board (RSB), Kendriya Sainik Board (KSB) & Zilla Sainik Board (ZSB) are being linked through e-mail.
The project was inaugurated by President Army Wives Welfare Association (AWWA) on 10 November 2022 at the premises of the Directorate of Indian Army Veterans (DIAV) premises located at Delhi Cantt.
ISRO’s Cryogenic engine successfully passes hot test for LVM3 : Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully tested the hot test on indigenously developed, cryogenic engine, at Mahendragiri in Tamil Nadu. This engine will power the heaviest rocket of ISRO, the LVM-3 (Previously called as GSLV-Mk3).
November 2022 Current Affairs Quiz
Aim: To test that the engine can support a payload capability of up to 450 kg with additional propellant loading.
“The major modifications carried out on this test article compared to previous engines was introduction of Thrust Control Valve (TCV) for thrust control. In addition to this 3D printed LOX and LH2 turbine exhaust casings were inducted in the engine for the first time,” ISRO said on Thursday.
“During this test the engine operated with ~20t thrust level for first 40s, then thrust level was increased to 21.8t by moving thrust control valve. During the test, engine and facility performance was normal and required parameters were achieved”, ISRO said.