Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 16 November 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.
Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 16 November 2022
International Day for Tolerance 2022: Every year, the International Day for Tolerance is observed on 16 November to raise awareness about the importance of tolerance in society. The day is specifically recognized to educate people about the harmful consequences of intolerant society and its impact on the nation.
International Day of Tolerance: Significance
The significance of celebrating the day is to raise awareness about the tolerance and its impact on cultures and socio-economic groups. Tolerance should be promoted on both personal as well as professional level to make the world a better place to live. Tolerance and non-violence are essential criteria for cohabitation. The goal of the day is to get people to appreciate the beauty of many viewpoints, ethnicities, faiths, and ideologies while also recognising the cultural diversity that exists. The main goals of this global movement are to promote the behaviour of respecting others’ rights and freedoms and to inform people about the negative repercussions of intolerance.
International Day of Tolerance: History
The International Day for Tolerance has a long history. In 1996, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 51/95 designating November 16 as International Day for Tolerance. Following the adoption of a Declaration of Principles on Tolerance by the Member States of UNESCO on November 16, 1995, this step was taken. The Declaration declares that tolerance is neither indulgence nor indifference. It is a respect for and appreciation of the wide range of cultures, modes of expression, and way of expressing humanity. The fundamental liberties and inherent rights of people are acknowledged through tolerance. Because people are naturally different, only tolerance can guarantee the survival of mixed-race communities across the globe.
National Press Day 2022: National Press Day is observed on November 16 every year to acknowledge and honour the Press Council of India (PCI). The day marks the presence of an independent and responsible press in the country. The Press Council of India also examines the quality of reportage of the Indian press and keeps a check on journalistic activities.
National Press Day: Significance of Press Freedom
Independent Press is often called the voice of the voiceless, a connecting link between the all-powerful rulers to the downtrodden ruled. It brings out the ills and malaise of the system and helps the government find the solutions to these, in the process strengthening the values of the democratic system of governance. No wonder why it’s called one of the four pillars of a strong democracy, and the only one where commoners directly participate. The other 3 are the Executive, Legislative, and Judiciary – a gang of select few.
The council is extremely important to India as it was inherently constructed to protect the fourth pillar of a democracy, that is, the free press. Hence, it works consistently to ensure that the credibility of journalism is not compromised.
National Press Day: History
In the year 1956, the First Press Commission decided to form a body with statutory authority which has the responsibility of maintaining the ethics of journalism. The Commission felt that a managing body was required in order to connect with the people of the press and also to arbitrate on any issues that arose.
On November 16, 1966, the PCI was formed. Since then, November 16 has been designated as National Press Day in India to commemorate the council’s founding. According to the Press Council of India’s official website, the council is traditionally chaired by a retired Supreme Court Judge and 28 additional members of which 20 are members of the media outlets operating in India. Five members are nominated from the Houses of the Parliament and the remaining three represent cultural, legal and literary fields.
Gagan Narang, Mary Kom, PV Sindhu & Mirabai elected as IOA Athletes Commission member: MC Mary Kom, PV Sindhu, Mirabai Chanu, and Gagan Narang are four Olympic medalists who were chosen as members of the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) Athletes Commission, which consists of 10 distinguished athletes. All the 10 elected members of the apex body, five men and as many women, won unopposed in the polls. Under the new constitution of the Indian Olympic Association which was adopted on November 10, the athletes commission is to have equal representation of male and female members.
Indian Olympic Association (IOA) Athletes Commission: Other six members
The remaining 6 members of the elected panel are winter Olympian Shiva Keshavan, table tennis player Sharath Kamal, women’s hockey captain Rani Rampal, fencer Bhavani Devi, rower Bajrang Lal, and former shot putter Om Prakash Singh Karhana. All the 10 members, out of which five are female, are Olympians. Keshavan is the only Winter Olympian. The immediate task of the Athletes Commission would be to identify eight Sportspersons of Outstanding Merit (SOM) who would then be voting members of the IOA’s General Assembly. One of the criteria is that the sportsperson should have retired from the sport, and should have won a medal in the Olympics, Asian Games or Commonwealth Games. India’s first individual Olympic gold medallist shooter Abhinav Bindra and former India hockey team captain Sardar Singh will complete the 12-member athletes commission in their capacity as members of the corresponding bodies of the International Olympic Committee and Olympic Council of Asia respectively. Both of them will have voting rights.
NMDC Sweeps PRCI Excellence Awards 2022: National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) bagged the Champion of Champions Award, sweeping the 16th PRCI Global Communication Conclave 2022, to bring home fourteen Corporate Communication Excellence Awards. The awards were presented at the Global Communication Conclave organised by Public Relations Council of India (PRCI) in Kolkata on 12th November ,2022.
NMDC won Gold awards for Most Resilient Company of the Year; Internal Communication Campaign, Corporate Brochure; Best PSE Implementing CSR. In the categories of Best Use of CSR for Childcare, Corporate Community Impact, Best Corporate Event, Special HR Initiatives, Annual Report, and Arts, Culture & Sports Campaign, it received Silver Awards. It also won Bronze Awards for Visionary Leadership; Website of the Year; Innovative Environmental Program and Consolation Award for Best Use of Social Media.
About the National Mineral Development Corporation:
Incorporated in 1958 as a Government of India public enterprise, NMDC is India’s largest producer of iron ore. Since inception, the corporation under the administrative control of the Ministry of Steel, has been involved in the exploration of a wide range of minerals including copper, rock phosphate, limestone, magnesite, diamond, tungsten and beach sands amongst others in some of the most remote corners of the country.
Pan-India Coastal Defence Exercise Sea Vigil-22 Commenced: The third edition of the ‘Pan-India’ Coastal Defence Exercise ‘Sea Vigil-22’ will be conducted from 15 to 16 November 2022. This National Level Coastal Defence Exercise was conceptualized in 2018 to validate various measures that have been instituted towards enhancing maritime security since ‘26/11’. In January 2021, the second edition of Sea Vigil was held.
Coastal Security being a major sub-set of Coastal Defence construct, the concept of ‘Sea Vigil’ is to activate the Coastal Security apparatus across India and assess the overarching Coastal Defence mechanism.
Pan-India Coastal Defence Exercise Sea Vigil-22 Commenced- Key Points
The exercise is being undertaken along the entire 7516 km coastline and Exclusive Economic Zone of India. It involves all the coastal states and union territories along with other maritime stakeholders, including the fishing and coastal communities. The exercise is being conducted by the Indian Navy in coordination with the Coast Guard and other ministries entrusted with the task of maritime activities.
The scale and conceptual expanse of the exercise are unprecedented in terms of the geographical extent, the number of stakeholders involved, the number of units participating, and in terms of the objectives to be met. The exercise serves as a lead-up to the major Theatre Level Readiness Operational Exercise (TROPEX), which is carried out by the Indian Navy every two years. Sea Vigil and TROPEX together will cover the entire spectrum of Maritime Security challenges. Assets of the Indian Navy, Coast Guard, Customs, and other maritime agencies will participate in Ex Sea Vigil.
Kenyan Runner Renju Gets Five Years Doping Ban: Keneth Kiprop Renju, winner of the Prague half-marathon in April, has been banned for five-year as the latest in a long list of Kenyan athletes suspended for suspected doping. Keneth Kiprop Renju, who is 26-year-old has been banned for the “presence/use of a prohibited substance (Methasterone)”.
Kenyan Runner Renju Gets Five Years Doping Ban
A total of 54 Kenyan athletes have been banned for doping including Keneth Kiprop Renju. The East African country is third on the list by the Athletics Integrity Unit of most athlete suspensions due to doping.
India is ranked second on the list with 62 suspensions, and Russia is at the top with 87 athletes. Renju’s ban is backdated to May 13 and all his results since March 20 have been annulled. He also won the Lisbon half-marathon on May 8. Kenya’s athletics reputation is again taking a pummelling after the suspension this year of an unusually large number of long-distance runners. Among the top names suspended are 2021 Boston marathon champion Diana Kipyokei and marathon and mountain racer Mark Kangogo.
Bank of Maharashtra tops PSU lenders’ list in Q2 Credit Growth : According to published quarterly numbers of public sector banks (PSBs), Bank of Maharashtra (BoM) has emerged as the top performer among public sector lenders in terms of loan growth in percentage terms during the second quarter of 2022-23.
BoM has recorded a 28.62% increase in gross advances at Rs 1,48,216 crore at the end of September 2022.
Union Bank of India came in second with an increase of 21.54 percent to Rs 7,52,469 crore. The largest lender in the nation, State Bank of India, took third place with an 18.15% increase in gross advances. However, SBI’s total loans were almost 17 times higher at Rs 25,47,390 crore as compared to Rs 1,48,216 crore of BoM in absolute terms.
BoM had the highest increase of 22.31 percent in Retail-Agriculture-MSME (RAM) loans during the reviewed period, followed by Bank of Baroda with 19.53 percent and SBI with 16.51 percent. BoM led the list for low-cost Current Account Savings Account (CASA) deposits with 56.27 percent, followed by Central Bank of India at 50.99 percent. BoM and SBI with 3.55 per cent Net Interest Margin (NIM), a key profitability parameter, stood at the top among PSBs. Bank of India and Central Bank of India came in second and third, respectively, with 3.49 and 3.44 percent.
It was followed by Union Bank of India, State Bank of India.
Jaipur International Airport receives Aerodrome licence from DGCA : Jaipur International Airport Limited has received the Aerodrome licence from the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) following which the airport has embarked on an expansion drive, a company official said.
November 2022 Current Affairs Quiz
Earlier, the Airport Authority of India (AAI) was the licence holder. Now the private player, which is operating the Jaipur airport since October 2021, has become the new licence holder. The licence is given to an airport operator for ensuring complete management of the airport in accordance with the concession agreement.
Gaurav Dwivedi appointed as Prasar Bharati CEO : Gaurav Dwivedi, an IAS (Indian Administrative Services) officer of the 1995 batch, has been appointed chief executive officer of state broadcaster Prasar Bharati.
“In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of Section 4 of the Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 read with sub- section (4) of Section 4 and sub-section (2A) of Section 6 of that Act, the President, on the recommendation of the Selection Committee, is pleased to appoint Shri Gaurav Dwivedi, IAS(CH: 95) as the executive member (chief executive officer} in Prasar Bharati with effect from the date he assumes charge of the office, for a term of five years,” the ministry of information and broadcasting said in a statement on Monday.
Dwivedi is an IAS officer of the 1995 batch of the Chhattisgarh Cadre. He has worked in various capacities in states like Kerala, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. He has also been a faculty member at the IAS Training Academy, LBSNAA (Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration), Mussoorie. He is currently posted as chief executive officer, MyGov, ministry of electronics and information technology and is responsible for managing the Indian government’s citizen engagement platform. He is a recipient of the Prime Minister’s Award for Excellence in Administration.
Presently, he is posted as Principal Secretary, Commercial Tax, in the Chhattisgarh government. Prior to this, he was also served as the CEO of MyGovIndia, which was launched by PM Narendra Modi in 2014.
Prasar Bharati founded: 23 November 1997; HQ: New Delhi
G7 launches climate ‘Shield’ fund : The G7 nations has launched a plan named ‘Global Shield’ at the 27th UN Climate Change Conference on November 14, 2022. A G7-led plan dubbed “Global Shield” to provide funding to countries suffering climate disasters was launched at the U.N. COP27 summit on Monday, although some questioned the effectiveness of the planned scheme.
Coordinated by Group of 7 president Germany and the V20 group of climate-vulnerable countries, it aims to rapidly provide pre-arranged insurance and disaster protection funding after events such as floods, droughts and hurricanes hit.
Backed by 170 million euros ($175.17 million) in funding from Germany and 40 million euros from other donors including Denmark and Ireland, the Global Shield will in the next few months develop support to be deployed in countries including Pakistan, Ghana, Fiji and Senegal when events occur.
It is coordinated by Germany and the V20 group. The V20 refers to the Vulnerable Twenty Group of Ministers of the Climate Vulnerable Forum.