Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 19 November 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.
Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 19 November 2022
World Toilet Day 2022: World Toilet Day is observed by the UN every year on November 19. The major objective is to increase public knowledge of more extensive sanitation systems, including hand washing, stormwater management, and wastewater treatment. The 2022 campaign ‘Making the invisible visible’ explores how inadequate sanitation systems spread human waste into rivers, lakes and soil, polluting underground water resources.
The central message of World Toilet Day 2022 is that safely managed sanitation protects groundwater from human waste pollution. Currently, the world is seriously off track to meet the promise of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6.2: to ensure safe toilets for all by 2030.
World Toilet Day 2022: Theme
Making the Invisible Visible, the theme for 2022, examines how inadequate sanitation systems transfer human waste into rivers, lakes, and land, contaminating groundwater supplies.
World Toilet Day 2022: Key messages
Safe sanitation protects groundwater. Toilets that are properly sited and connected to safely managed sanitation systems, collect, treat and dispose of human waste, and help prevent human waste from spreading into groundwater. Sanitation must withstand climate change. Toilets and sanitation systems must be built or adapted to cope with extreme weather events, so that services always function and groundwater is protected.
Sanitation action is urgent. We are seriously off track to ensure safe toilets for all by 2030. With only eight years left, the world needs to work four times faster to meet our promise.
World Toilet Day: History
It was on this day in 2001 when Jack Sim, a philanthropist from Singapore founded the World Toilet Organization and declared the day as World Toilet Day. The efforts to draw attention to the sanitation crises were given focus by the UN in 2010 when they officially recognised the right to water and sanitation as human rights. In 2013, the Singapore Government and the World Toilet Organization collaborated to create Singapore’s UN resolution – Sanitation for all. This resolution urged group efforts to address the global sanitation crisis. Following the adoption of the resolution by 122 nations at the 67th session of the UN General Assembly in New York, World Toilet Day was designated as an official UN day.
World Toilet Day 2022: In India
The Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti, under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) is organizing ‘Swachhta Run’ across rural India, to mark the World Toilet Day.
- States & UTs directed to conduct the “Swachhta Run” at the Gram Panchayat level to celebrate World Toilet Day, 2022.
- Local elected representatives/sports persons/celebrities/influencers to flag off the “Swachhta Run” to commemorate World Toilet Day, 2022.
- Since 2013, there has been an annual event called World Toilet Day to celebrate toilets and bring attention to those who lack access to sanitation.
- Making the Invisible Visible is the theme for World Toilet Day in 2022.
- Day is about highlighting actions to tackle the global sanitation crisis.
- Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) recognized as the world’s largest behavior change program.
- Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) ‘Jal Andolan’ has transformed the lives of rural India populace.
INS Trikand participated in ‘Sea Sword 2’ counter-terrorism drill: The Combined Maritime Forces led Operation “Sea Sword 2” in the Northwest Arabian Sea included the INS Trikand. The operation was held to prevent narcotics trade & stop smuggling entities from using the seas for their nefarious activities. The Indian Navy’s long range maritime patrol aircraft also participated in the operation and provided air support. Earlier, the 26th edition of the multinational maritime exercise “MALABAR 22” culminated in Japan on November 15th.
The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force hosted this drill, which celebrated its 30th anniversary (JMSDF). This effort is part of the Indian Navy’s commitment to ensuring the safety of the seas and collective security in the region as espoused by the SAGAR vision of the Honourable Prime Minister of India.
The ship participated with other multinational forces and regional partner navies to counter terrorism, prevent narcotics trade and stop smuggling entities from using the seas for their nefarious activities. The Indian Navy’s long range maritime patrol aircraft also participated in the operation and provided air support. This effort is part of the Indian Navy’s commitment to ensuring safety of the seas and collective security in the region as espoused by the SAGAR vision of the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India.
NTPC team won Gold award at 47th ICQCC-2022: NTPC’s QC Team from Unchahar ABHYUDAYA has won the “GOLD” award in the 47th International Convention on Quality Control Circle (ICQCC-2022). The convention is being held from 15th-18th November in Jakarta. The theme for ICQCC-2022 was “Built Back Better through Quality Efforts”. NTPC QC Team presented on “Frequent Choking of Collecting tanks of AHP-IV”.
The QC team members:
Shri Mahesh Chandra, Shri Virendra Kumar Yadav, Shri Laxmi Kant, and Shri Reyaz Ahamad (Facilitator) worked tirelessly to develop unique, pragmatic, and superior solutions to the issue at hand.
Other awards of NTPC:
In March 2022, NTPC had been declared the “Dream Employer of the Year” at the 30th Session of the World HRD Congress. NTPC’s efforts to create a future-ready workforce were recognized when NTPC was selected as a 2022 ATD BEST award winner by The Association for Talent Development (ATD), USA. The awards and recognitions are a testimony that people practices at NTPC are at par with the best companies in the world.
Govt Raises Maximum Tenure of PSU Banks’ CEO to 10 Years: The government has agreed to provide the managing director and other full-time directors of the public sector banks a longer term of employment. The original appointment can now be set for up to 5 years, with the option of an additional 5 years.
About The Amendment:
The amendment would be called Nationalised Banks (Management and Miscellaneous Provisions) Amendment Scheme, 2022.
Earlier, the MD or executive director of a public sector undertaking (PSU) bank was eligible for a maximum tenure of 5 years or 60 years whichever was earlier. This is also applicable for whole-time directors of all Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs). Now, The term for the appointment has been extended to 10 years, from the earlier 5 years, subject to superannuation age of 60 years, as per government notification of 17 November.
What Has Been Said:
A whole-time director, including the managing director, shall devote his whole time to the affairs of the nationalised bank and shall hold office for such initial term not exceeding five years and extendable up to a total period, including the initial term, not exceeding 10 years, as the central government may, after consultation with the Reserve Bank, specify and shall be eligible for re-appointment,” the notification said.
The Importance Of This Move:
The decision of the government would help banks to retain the talent who rise to the ladder of whole-time directors at a very early age of 45-50 years.
Presently, there are many whole-time directors of PSU banks who entered the board at a young age. They would gain from the modification.
Cambridge Dictionary: With 2022 coming to an end, the Cambridge Dictionary team has announced their Word of the Year for 2022. And it is ‘homer’, which is described as “short for home run : a point scored in baseball when you hit the ball, usually out of the playing field, and are able to run around all the bases at one time to the starting base,” as per Cambridge Dictionary. The word ”homer” was searched for nearly 75,000 times during the first week of May 2022, when it was an answer in the word game Wordle. In the context of the game, ”homer” doesn’t refer to the Greek poet and author, or a character from Simpson, but refers to an informal American English word for a ‘home run’ in baseball.
According to Cambridge, homer saw over 65,000 searches occurring in a single day on the dictionary website in 2022. Homer was the Wordle word of the day on May 5 this year, and this significant surge of searches occurred on that day. The dictionary website said the same word is used very differently in British and American English.
The “Wordle effect” was also evident in 2022 according to Cambridge Dictionary, where other five-letter words showed a rise in search. The second-highest spike in 2022 was produced by the American spelling of “funny,” which was followed by the third-, fourth-, and fifth-placed spellings of “caulk,” “tacit,” and “bayou.” Cambridge said that the decision to choose this word was influenced by the famous game ‘Wordle’.
About the Wordle game:
Wordle is a free online game that gives users a new word puzzle each day. It gives players six chances to guess a randomly selected five-letter word. The brainchild behind the game is Brooklyn-based software engineer Josh Wardle who created Wordle for free in October 2021 as a unique gift for his girlfriend Palak Shah. It was later acquired by The New York Times.
PM Modi to Inaugurate Arunachal’s first Greenfield Airport Donyi Polo Airport: Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated Arunachal Pradesh’s first greenfield airport, Donyi Polo Airport, in Itanagar on Saturday. This is Arunachal’s third airport after Tezu and Passighat and the 16th airport for the northeast. He also dedicated to the nation the 600 MW Kameng hydro power station in Itanagar.
About The Donyi-Polo Airport:
The name of the airport reflects the traditions and rich cultural heritage of Arunachal Pradesh and the age-old indigenous reverence to the Sun (‘Donyi’) and the Moon (‘Polo’) in the state.
The foundation stone for this airport was laid by the PM in 2019. The airport, which has been developed in an area of over 690 acres, at the cost of more than Rs 640 crore is expected to play a major role in improving connectivity and will also contribute to the growth of trade and tourism in the region, said Dilip Sajnani, Director, Airport Authority of India.
The airport has a 2300 m runway and is well suited for all weather day operations. The airport terminal is a modern building, which promotes energy efficiency, renewable energy and the recycling of resources.
What The PM Said:
In a tweet, PM Modi stated that “Commerce and connectivity will gain immensely from this project.”
What The Others Are Saying:
Arunachal chief minister Pema Khandu had termed the “The Great Hornbill Gate” at the Donyi Polo airport at Hollongi “an architectural marvel”.
In a tweet, he said, “The Great Hornbill Gate, which welcomes you to iconic Donyi Polo airport, is an architectural marvel. Made of bamboo and cane, it’s been designed by promising Arunachali architect Aroty Panyang from the East Siang district.”
Connectivity Of The Border State:
The Donyi Polo airport will be the third operational airport in Arunachal Pradesh and the first in its capital city Itanagar, taking the total number of airports in the Northeast to 16. Arunachal Pradesh currently has two airports, one at Pasighat and the other at Tezu.
The Other Development In The State:
Meanwhile, PM Modi will dedicate the 600 MW Kameng Hydro Power Station to the country at the launch event. The power station has been developed at a cost of more than Rs 8,450 crore and the project aims to turn Arunachal Pradesh into a power surplus state. The project is in line with India’s commitment to move towards green energy initiatives and will also benefit the National Grid in terms of grid stability and integration.
India Fastest Growing Market for Microsoft Owned LinkedIn: India has become LinkedIn’s fastest-growing market as more companies and advertisers come online, with sales in the country rising at a 50% year-on-year clip. LinkedIn is a “The Microsoft” owned business networking service company.
What Has Been Said:
“What’s going to happen in the next 10 years in India is being written right now,”Roslansky, CEO, said. The business networking service owned by Microsoft Corp. is looking abroad for new growth opportunities as the worsening economic climate weighs on its US home market. He said LinkedIn has paused hiring to prepare for tougher conditions.
The majority of LinkedIn’s growth is happening outside of the United States, he said, adding that new members are joining the networking site in markets such as India, Indonesia and Western Europe.
In 2021, several individuals had their profiles blocked or posts removed from the China version of LinkedIn since May as the nation’s domestic internet firm crackdown gained steam. LinkedIn accepted Chinese censorship when it entered China in 2014. Shortly after, LinkedIn announced pausing new member sign-ups as the platform to ensure local law compliance.
Slowdown In US:
The business networking service explored overseas for new growth opportunities as the worsening economic climate weighs on its U.S. home market. Roslansky said LinkedIn has paused hiring to prepare for more challenging conditions.
CEC Shri Rajiv Kumar Invited as International Observer for Elections in Nepal: The Election Commission of Nepal has invited Chief Election Commissioner Rajiv Kumar to participate as an international observer in the upcoming elections for the House of Representatives and Provincial Assembly of Nepal, according to the Election Commission.
More About The Development:
Rajiv Kumar will be leading a delegation of ECI officials as State guest in Nepal from 18 November to 22 November, 2022, the poll panel said. During his visit Kumar would be visiting Polling stations at Kathmandu and areas around.
ECI also has a similar International Election Visitors Program where members from other Election Management Bodies are invited to experience firsthand our General and Assembly Elections held periodically.
About Nepal’s Election:
Nepal will hold elections on November 20 to fill 550 seats in the seven Provincial Assemblies and 275 seats in the Federal Parliament.
A total 330 seats in the seven provincial houses will be decided directly; the remaining 220 seats will be filled by proportional representation.
About Nepal’s Democratic Governments:
In the twenty years that Nepal has been democratic since 1990, there have been 32 governments, and in the 14 years following the 2008 abolition of the monarchy, there have been 10 governments. The country’s leaders had then made collective promises of a “stable government, consolidation of democracy, economic prosperity, and corruption free governance”. They stand thoroughly discredited — and not many people expect that the election to bring lasting political stability.
Federal Bank Ties up with JCB India to Finance Heavy Equipment Buyers: Federal Bank on Friday said it has tied up with JCB India to finance the prospective buyers of heavy construction equipment and boost its loan portfolio. The private sector lender said it has inked a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with JCB India, a leading manufacturer of earthmoving and construction equipment.
What Has Been Said:
According to a press statement from Federal Bank, this collaboration would increase the financing alternatives for JCB consumers in India.
There will be several chances to forge synergies between the teams from JCB India and Federal Bank as the government’s emphasis on infrastructure development continues to be strong. CEO and Managing Director of JCB India, Deepak Shetty, stated. “Importantly, it will give greater financing options to our customers while purchasing JCB machines both in urban and rural India,” he added.
Shyam Srinivasan, Managing Director and CEO of Federal Bank, said the lender has officially become the financing partner for JCB India. “This partnership would prove to be hugely beneficial to a segment of customers who are looking for easy finance options to take their business forward. We are confident this association will help remove barriers between Bharat and Atmanirbhar Bharat,” he added.
How It Will Function:
Under the arrangement, Federal Bank is the preferred finance partner of the construction equipment manufacturer, where JCB’s customers can avail loans from the lender at competitive interest rates.
Retired BPCL chairman Arun Kumar Singh to be next chief of ONGC: BPCL‘s former chairman Arun Kumar Singh is likely to be the new chairman of India’s top oil and gas producer Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) according to PTI sources. He retired from BPCL after attaining the superannuation age last month and was already selected to head the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) before the August 27 interviews. The will be first time that a person aged over 60 will be heading a top PSU board-level position.
Big name in Oil refining market, Singh was chosen by a search-cum-selection committee, constituted by the oil ministry. After interviewing with six candidates, they decided to hire Singh on August 27, 2022. If his selection is approved, Singh will be heading cash-rich PSU (Public Sector Unit) for three years. Eligibility criteria for a board-level position at PSU provide for an internal candidate (applicant from within the PSU) should not be more than 58 years of age on the date of the vacancy. The maximum age limit of 57 years as of the opening date is the qualification for external candidates.