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Daily Current Affairs: 11&12 December 2022 | Gkseries

Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 11&12 December 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.

Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 11&12 December 2022

International Day of Neutrality observed on 12 December

International Day of Neutrality observed on 12 December

International Day of Neutrality 2022: On December 12, a day of neutrality is observed everywhere. It is a day when people look at the possibility of a world free of armed and other types of conflicts. Its main objectives were to promote and advocate for peaceful intra-state relations. Switzerland serves as the perfect example of neutrality.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

What is Neutrality?

Neutrality, defined as the legal status arising from the abstention of a state from all participation in a war between other states, the maintenance of an attitude of impartiality toward the belligerents, and the recognition by the belligerents of this abstention and impartiality, is critically important for the United Nations to gain and maintain the confidence and cooperation of all in order to operate independently and effectively, especially in situations that are politically charged.

International Day of Neutrality 2022: Significance

The International Day of Neutrality serves as a reminder of the significance of neutrality, particularly in light of humanitarian reasons. During armed conflicts, it is neutrality that NGOs and other humanitarian agencies are able to care for casualties in a proper way. The day serves as a reminder to work for world peace. It challenges people to envision a future devoid of conflict and explains how, by combining efforts, everyone can achieve this goal a reality.

International Day of Neutrality: History

On February 2, 2017, the UN General Assembly accepted resolution 71/275, proposed by Turkmenistan, without a vote, recognized by the UN as a permanently neutral state since 12 December 1995, which noted the link between the preservation of peace and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and declared 12 December as the International Day of Neutrality.

Tamil Nadu Becomes First State To Launch Its Own Climate Change Mission

Tamil Nadu Becomes First State To Launch Its Own Climate Change Mission

Tamil Nadu Becomes First State To Launch Its Own Climate Change Mission: The first state to start its own climate change mission will be Tamil Nadu. It had launched the Green Tamil Nadu Mission last September and the Tamil Nadu Wetlands Mission this August. The State Climate Action Plan will be carried out by a Special Purpose Vehicle called the Tamil Nadu Green Climate Company (TNGCC).

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Ahead Of The Nation:

According to M K Stalin, the chief minister of Tamil Nadu, the state is on track to become carbon neutral well before the national target of 2070. “Our government views climate change as a major humanitarian crisis. We have taken various measures to protect the environment after assuming power. Global warming has occurred due to high carbon emissions. Many scientists have said the world should reach carbon neutral by 2050. Last year in COP26 the Indian government declared that it will become carbon neutral by 2070. Let me assure you that Tamil Nadu will achieve carbon neutrality before that,” Stalin said.

Key Goals Of This Mission:

  • To develop methods to cut emissions by using green and renewable energy, increase the amount of public transportation used, raise the amount of forest cover, and effectively manage waste.
  • The goals also embrace ways to develop ways to mitigate the impact of climate change, access financial resources for adaptation, initiate climate education in educational institutions, focus on climate action for women and children.
  •  Adopt a “One Health” philosophy to better comprehend how climate change affects the health of people, animals, and the environment.

A Global Good:

Stalin stated this initiative is not just for Tamil Nadu or India, but for the world. “Climate change is a concern for all of us and the Tamil Nadu Government takes the issue very seriously. I am proud to lead from the front. I see this as my life’s mission,” he said.

TN Govt Approach:

The first such council to be led by a Chief Minister, the Tamil Nadu Governing Council on Climate Change was established by Stalin’s government. The council will provide policy guidance to the Tamil Nadu Climate Change Mission, provide advice on adaptation to climate change and mitigation of climate change impacts, formulate the Tamil Nadu State Climate Change Action Plan and provide appropriate guidelines for its implementation.

Sukhwinder Singh Sukhu sworn in as the new Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh

Sukhwinder Singh Sukhu sworn in as the new Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh

Sukhwinder Singh Sukhu sworn in as the new Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh: At the famed Ridge Ground in Shimla, Congressman Sukhwinder Singh Sukhu took the oath of office as the new chief minister of Himachal Pradesh. Deputy Chief Minister Mukesh Agnihotri also took oath with him. Governor Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar administered the oath to both.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

President of the Congress Mallikarjun Kharge, party leader Rahul Gandhi, AICC General Secretary Priyanka Gandhi, State Party President Pratibha Singh, chief ministers of Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan, as well as Sachin Pilot, were all present during the inauguration of the new government in Himachal.

Notably: On December 8, the Congress made a comeback in Himachal Pradesh, by winning 40 seats in the high-stakes electoral contest for the 68-member Legislative Assembly. The BJP could win only 25 seats while Independent candidates won three seats.

About the Sukhwinder Singh Sukhu:

A four-time MLA from the Nadaun constituency in Himachal Pradesh and the head of the Congress’s election committee in the state, Sukhu, who is a law graduate, began his career in student politics and went on to rise to the position of state unit chief. Sukhwinder Singh Sukhu was the general secretary of the Himachal Pradesh unit of the Congress-affiliated National Students’ Union of India (NSUI). Later, he became the president of NSUI.

In the Hamirpur district’s Nadaun, he won the assembly elections for the first time in 2003. The seat was then kept by him until 2007, when he lost it once more until winning it back in 2017 and 2022.

About Himachal Pradesh:

  • According to the Himachal Pradesh State Act of 1971, Himachal was elevated to the status of India’s 18th state on January 25, 1971.Legislative Assembly seats- 68
  • Rajya Sabha seats- 3
  • Lok Sabha seats – 4
  • Major rivers and dams– Sutlej (Bhakra Dam, Gobind Sagar Reservoir, Koldam Dam), Vyas (Pandoh Dam, Maharana Pratap Sagar Reservoir), Ravi (Chamera Dam), Parvati
  • Major Lakes– Renuka, Revalsar, Khajjiar, Dal, Beas Kund, Dasaur, Brighu, Parashar, Mani Mahesh, Chander Tal, Suraj Tal, Kareri, Sarolsar, Govind Sagar, Nako Lake
  • National Parks– Great Himalayan National Park, Pin Valley National Park, Khirganga, Inderkilla and Simbalbara National Parks

India’s First Carbon Neutral Farm Inaugurated In Kerala

India’s First Carbon Neutral Farm Inaugurated In Kerala

India’s First Carbon Neutral Farm Inaugurated In Kerala: A seed farm in Aluva was designated as the first carbon-neutral farm in the nation by Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan. A significant reduction in carbon emission has helped the seed farm, achieve the carbon neutral status.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

More Than Just Neutrality:

The total amount of carbon emission from the farm, located at Thuruthu in Aluva, in the last one year was 43 tons but its overall procurement was 213 ton. Compared to the emission rate, as many as 170 tons of more carbon have been procured at the farm, which helped it to be declared as the first carbon neutral seed farm in the country.

What Has Been Said: Extent Of This Move:

“Carbon neutral farms will be set up in all 140 Assembly constituencies. Efforts have already been launched to make 13 farms in Kerala carbon neutral,” Chief Minister said. Carbon neutral agricultural methods would be implemented through women’s groups and such interventions would be made in the tribal sector as well, Mr Vijayan added.

Even as the state moves towards the goal to achieve food self-sufficiency, plans to maintain ecological equilibrium are also equally important, the Chief Minister said. Using carbon neutral agricultural methods, it is possible to prevent up to 30% of greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and control climate change, he added.

What is Carbon Neutrality:

According to the definition of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), carbon neutrality, or net zero CO2 emissions, refers only to carbon dioxide emissions and is a state of balance between the CO2 emitted into the atmosphere and the CO2 removed from the atmosphere.

In actual business practice, organizations often use the term “carbon neutrality” to include all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions when they announce their ambitious emissions reduction targets. There are a number of ways of achieving the balance we are talking about. Not emitting more CO2 than can be naturally absorbed by the world’s forests and plants is the healthiest course of action, which act as carbon sinks through the process of photosynthesis – they take in CO2 from the air and turn it into oxygen – helping to reduce emissions.

International Universal Health Coverage Day 2022: 12th December

International Universal Health Coverage Day 2022: 12th December

International Universal Health Coverage Day 2022: Every year on December 12, people around the world observe International Universal Health Coverage Day. The day is marked to promote the importance of building robust, resilient, world-class healthcare systems globally. With the help of numerous stakeholders, International Universal Health Coverage Day seeks to increase public awareness of the necessity of robust and resilient health systems and universal health coverage.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Each year on 12 December, UHC advocates raise their voices to share the stories of the millions of people still waiting for health, champion what we have achieved so far, call on leaders to make bigger and smarter investments in health, and encourage diverse groups to make commitments to help move the world closer to UHC by 2030.

International Universal Health Coverage Day 2022: Theme

This year’s theme, “Establish the world we want: A healthy future for everyone,” emphasises the significance of equity, trust, healthy environments, investments, and accountability in order to build effective health systems, according to the UN.

International Universal Health Coverage Day: History

On 12 December 2012, the United Nations General Assembly endorsed a resolution urging countries to accelerate progress toward universal health coverage (UHC) – the idea that everyone, everywhere should have access to quality, affordable health care. In 2017, the International Day for Universal Health Coverage was established by the UN.

Every year on this day, advocates for universal healthcare give speeches to applaud the progress that has been made thus far and to acknowledge that a sizable portion of the population still does not have access to healthcare. Additionally, they implore decision-makers to commit their organisations to work toward achieving universal health coverage by 2030 and to spend more money wisely on health.

Ashok Leyland Appoints Shenu Agarwal as MD and CEO

Ashok Leyland Appoints Shenu Agarwal as MD and CEO

Ashok Leyland Appoints Shenu Agarwal as MD and CEO: Shenu Agarwal has been named the new MD & CEO of renowned truck and bus manufacturer Ashok Leyland, effective immediately. Agarwal will spearhead Ashok Leyland’s technological advancement, business expansion, and long-term strategy as it works to realise its goal of ranking among the top 10 Commercial Vehicle players globally.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

About Shenu Agarwal:

Agarwal joins the Hinduja flagship, with a 21.28 billion rupee market cap, from Escorts Kubota Ltd., where he served as President-Agri Machinery and Construction Equipment. Prior to that, he spent more than seven years as the Chief Executive of Escorts’ Agri machinery division. During that time, he played a key role in the transformation of the company’s farm equipment division by leading transformative marketing initiatives, introducing disruptive business models and products, and creating new benchmarks for cost-effectiveness.

Agarwal, an MBA from Duke University, USA, and a B.Tech. from NIT Kurukshetra, brings with him more than 30 years of experience. He has worked across sales and marketing, product development, R&D, strategy, and project management.

About The Transition:

Since Vipin Sondhi abruptly left his role as MD and CEO in November 2021, citing personal and family commitments, Ashok Leyland’s Board has been looking for a qualified candidate.

Sondhi served as MD & CEO of the company between December 2019 and December 2021. Over these months, Dheeraj Hinduja, as Executive Chairman, has been steering the company.

What Has Been Said:

Shenu has a proven track record as a leader from a business conglomerate and is an allrounder having worked in different capacities in many disciplines. With Shenu in charge, Ashok Leyland’s reliability focus, worldwide expansion ambitions, and ongoing pursuit of increasing stakeholder value will all be strengthened, according to Executive Chairman Dheeraj Hinduja.

World Bank’s Flagship Gender Toolkit Launched

World Bank’s Flagship Gender Toolkit Launched

World Bank’s Flagship Gender Toolkit Launched: The World Bank and the Chennai Urban Metropolitan Transport Authority held a session to provide a gender toolkit based on “Enabling gender-responsive urban mobility and public spaces.”

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Key Points Of the World bank’s Gender Toolkit:

  • The World Bank developed a pair of toolkits that describe a four-pillar implementation structure for urban entities to build a programme for gender-responsive urban transportation and public spaces.
  • Assessing the ground situation: The first pillar involves evaluating the current reality on the ground, which includes comprehending gender variations in mobility patterns, safety issues, and infrastructure and policy inadequacies.
  • Strengthening planning and policies: In order to improve planning and policies, the second pillar recommends incorporating a gender lens into plans and promoting gender inclusion among institutions and policymakers.
  • Building awareness and capacity: The third pillar focuses on increasing knowledge and capability.
  • Infrastructure: The fourth pillar prioritizes infrastructure improvement with a gendered lens.
  • Additionally, the World Bank has provided guidance on each of the pillars.

Its Significance:

The toolkit from the World Bank attempts to highlight the gender-related problems with urban planning and mobility. Diverse perspectives on cities are held by men, women, and gender minorities.

The World Bank toolbox provides resources to assist these groups in strengthening policies, addressing gender-disaggregated migration patterns, and developing an infrastructure that will meet their needs. This toolkit will be helpful in discussions on urban planning and mobility as Indian urban local bodies and transport agencies start to comprehend the demands of different commuters.

In Principle” Approval for 21 Greenfield Airports

In Principle” Approval for 21 Greenfield Airports

What is a greenfield airport?

A greenfield airport is one that is built from scratch on undeveloped land, where no work has been done in the past. This airport is built to minimize the congestion at the existing airports. Usually, it is at a greater distance from the city and constructed in a way that special consideration is given to the environmental impact.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Who governs the development of greenfield airports?

The Greenfield Airports (GFA) Policy, 2008 governs the development of greenfield airports in India. According to this policy, a state government or an airport developer, who is willing to set up a greenfield airport, is required to send the proposal to the Union Ministry of Civil Aviation for a two-stage approval i.e., Site-Clearance approval and “In Principle” approval.

The proposals provided by the state government or airport developer are considered by the Civil Aviation Ministry based on the procedures provided by the GFA Policy, 2008. The responsibility of implementing and funding of the greenfield airport projects lies with the concerned proponents of the project (airport developer or state government).

In Principle Approval for 21 Greenfield Airports

The Central Government has accorded the “in principle” approval for setting up 21 greenfield airports.

Of these 21 greenfield airports, nine have been operationalized. These are Kannur, Durgapur, Shirdi, Pakyong, Kalaburagi, Orvakal (Kurnool), Sindhudurg, Kushinagar, and Donyi Polo, Itanagar.

The Gujarat Government received in principle approval from the Indian Government for the development of two greenfield airports in Hirasar (Rajkot) and Dholera (Ahmedabad).

The state government has collaborated with the Airport Authority of India (AAI) for the development of the Hirasar airport at the cost of Rs.1,405 crore. For the development of the Dholera Greenfield Airport at the estimated cost of Rs.1,305 crore, a joint venture company involving the Gujarat Government, AAI, and National Industrial Corridor Development and Implementation Trust (NICDIT has been set up.

Koushal-2022 awards presented by Andhra Pradesh Governor to students.

Koushal-2022 awards presented by Andhra Pradesh Governor to students.

Koushal-2022 awards presented by Andhra Pradesh Governor to students. : Andhra Pradesh Governor Biswabhusan Harichandan attended the State Level Koushal 2022 award presentation programme as the chief guest. On 9 December, the award program was held at the School of Planning and Architecture auditorium in Vijayawada.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

The Koushal is a State-level science talent test launched in 2018. Bharatiya Vijnana Mandali (BVM) and Andhra Pradesh State Council of Science & Technology jointly conducted this event.

KOUSHAL encourages the children to reason critically, solve problems with team spirit and make them discover the Indian contribution to the world in the field of science and technology. 55,012 students from 2,431 schools in all 26 districts took part in the competition, which was held only for government school students.

Author Mansi Gulati released her Book ‘Miracles of Face Yoga’

Author Mansi Gulati released her Book ‘Miracles of Face Yoga’

Author Mansi Gulati released her Book ‘Miracles of Face Yoga’ : The Founder of Manasvani, Mansi Gulati has released her book ‘Miracles of Face Yoga’, which has been appreciated by the President of India Droupadi Murmu.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Mansi Gulati, an international Yogi, celebrated author, and thought leader, devoted her efforts to learning everything possible about yoga practices and philosophy.

This book introduces the concept of ‘face yoga’, a natural exercise for the face in addition to various other yoga exercises. Facial yoga can also help you relax and rejuvenate your body. The face yoga ‘as an as’ release stress and tension from the face and neck. They will also make us more aware of our facial muscles so that we can relax them within seconds that indirectly helps to tighten our skin.

Nirmala Sitharaman, Falguni Nayar in ‘World’s 100 Most Powerful Women’ list

Nirmala Sitharaman, Falguni Nayar in ‘World’s 100 Most Powerful Women’ list

Nirmala Sitharaman, Falguni Nayar in ‘World’s 100 Most Powerful Women’ list : Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Biocon Executive Chairperson Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw and Nykaa founder Falguni Nayar are among six Indians who have made it to the Forbes’ annual list of “The World’s 100 Most Powerful Women”.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Ranked at number 36, Nirmala Sitharaman has made it to the list for the fourth time in a row. In 2021, the 63-year-old minister was ranked at number 37 in the list, while she was in the 41st spot in 2020 and 34th in 2019.

HCLTech Chairperson Roshni Nadar Malhotra (rank: 53), Securities And Exchange Board Of India (SEBI) Chairperson Madhabi Puri Buch (rank: 54), Steel Authority Of India Chairperson Soma Mondal (rank: 67).

For her leadership during the Ukraine war, as well as her handling of the Covid-19 pandemic, European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen sits atop the 19th annual Forbes list of the World’s 100 Most Powerful Women.

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