Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 20&21 November 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.
Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 20&21 November 2022
World Television Day 2022: World Television Day is celebrated annually on November 21. It is a day that recognizes the value and impact of television in our lives. We all know television plays a crucial role in society and in an individual’s life. It is our daily source of entertainment and information. All the entertainment and information that we receive from television helps us to stay updated about the world. To highlight the importance of television as something beyond an electronic tool, World Television Day is celebrated annually on November 21.
World Television Day 2022: Significance
The United Nations General Assembly declared November 21 to be World Television Day (through resolution 51/205 of December 17, 1996) in recognition of the growing influence television has on decision-making by drawing attention to conflicts and threats to peace and security as well as its potential role in sharpening the focus on other important issues, including economic and social problems.
World Television Day: History
On 21 and 22 November 1996 the United Nations held the first World Television Forum, where leading media figures met under the auspices of the United Nations to discuss the growing significance of television in today’s changing world and to consider how they might enhance their mutual cooperation. That is why the General Assembly decided to proclaim 21 November as World Television Day.
Therefore, UN General Assembly on 17 December 1996 through resolution 51/205 established 21 November as World Television Day to commemorate the date on which World Television Forum was held. It was done by seeing the impact of Television on the process of decision-making. Television is a major tool and so acknowledged for informing, channeling, and affecting public opinion. We can’t deny its impact on world politics i.e the way it influences world politics.
India Launches Official Website And Theme of SCO 2023: India, which will serve as the organization’s chairman in 2023 and host the following SCO summit, has just unveiled the official website of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The website highlights the events that will be undertaken under the chairmanship of India next year.
Theme Of The Event:
For an SECURE SCO is the event’s theme. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had floated the concept of SECURE at the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit in China in 2018. The prime minister defined the SECURE idea as ‘S’ for security for citizens, ‘E’ for economic development, ‘C’ for connectivity in the region, ‘U’ for unity, ‘R’ for respect of sovereignty and integrity, and ‘E for environment protection.
About The SCO Presidency:
The SCO rotating presidency was handed over to India at Samarkand, Uzbekistan. India will serve as the group’s president from September 2022 until September 2023. Russian President Vladimir Putin extended his good wishes to India for hosting the 23rd edition of the summit next year. Apart from Putin, Chinese President Xi Jinping also congratulated India on assuming the presidency of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) for 2023. “We will support India for its presidency next year,” Jinping stated at SCO Summit in Uzbekistan. Notably, India will take over the rotating annual chairmanship of the SCO, which is now held by Uzbekistan.
Significance of India’s Presidency:
Until September 2023, India would be the President of the SCO. This rotational presidency is significant for India for three major reasons.
- First, from a regional perspective, amidst the tensions over the Sino-Indian border and politically unstable neighbourhood, being the first South Asian country host of SCO, how India would project itself would be significant for the region.
- Second, from a geopolitical perspective, New Delhi could be seen renewing its policy towards Central Asia which also implies a change in understanding of the extended territorial neighbourhood. As a result, the upcoming presidency would have a big impact on New Delhi’s ability to reach out to countries in Central Asia.
- Third, the SCO presidency is preceded by India’s non-permanent membership in the United Nations Security Council and would be followed by India hosting the G-20 summit. Thus, the tenure will reflect any continuity or change in New Delhi’s understanding of multilateralism and its behaviour in international and regional organisations.
22nd FIFA World Cup 2022: On November 20, a colourful ceremony held at the Al Bayt Stadium in Al Khor, Qatar, officially declared the 22nd FIFA Men’s World Cup open. It is for the first time that an Arab country is hosting the football tournament. 32 teams will play for the most coveted prize in international football, with the final scheduled to take place on December 18 at the Lusail stadium, the biggest one among the eight stadiums being used to host the World Cup. The inaugural match between Qatar and Ecuador takes place in Al Bayt Stadium in Al Khor on December 18, 2022, which is Qatar’s National Day.
FIFA World Cup 2022: Key Points
- Qatar will host the 2022 FIFA Men’s World Cup from November 20 to December 18, 2022.It is the first time that an Arab country will host the tournament.
- It is the second world cup to be held in Asia after the 2002 World cup which was jointly hosted by Japan and South Korea.
- 32 teams in total will participate in the world cup.
- La’eeb is the official mascot of the Cup. It is inspired by the keffiyeh, a traditional headdress worn by Arab men.
- The name of the football to be used during the world cup is Al Rihla. Al Rihla means “Journey” in Arabic. It has been made by the German multinational company Adidas. It is the 14th successive time that a ball made by Adidas will be used in the FIFA world cup. Al-Rihla is the first FIFA World cup ball to be made exclusively with water based inks and glues.
Which stadiums are being used to host the FIFA World Cup in Qatar?
- Al Bayt Stadium
- Lusail Stadium
- Ahmad Bin Ali Stadium
- Al Janoub Stadium
- Al Thumama Stadium
- Education City Stadium
- Khalifa International Stadium
- Stadium 974
FIFA World Cup 2022 Groups:
- Group A: Qatar, Ecuador, Senegal, Netherlands
- Group B: England, Iran, USA, Wales
- Group C: Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Poland
- Group D: France, Australia, Denmark, Tunisia
- Group E: Spain, Costa Rica, Germany, Japan
- Group F: Belgium, Canada, Morocco, Croatia
- Group G: Brazil, Serbia, Switzerland, Cameroon
- Group H: Portugal, Ghana, Uruguay, South Korea
What is the prize money of the Qatar World Cup?
Apart from winning the most prestigious trophy in football, there are substantial financial incentives for the teams in the FIFA World Cup in Qatar.
- The winner of the World Cup in Qatar will receive 38 million euros (INR 344 crores).
- The runner-up of the Qatar World Cup will get 27.27 million euros (INR 245 crores).
- The third-placed team will pocket 24.45 million euros (INR 220 crores).
Who is the mascot of the Qatar World Cup?
The official mascot of the Qatar World Cup is La’eeb. The adventurous, fun and curious La’eeb was unveiled during the Qatar 2022 Final Draw, which took place in Doha on April 1, following a tradition that was initiated in England 1966. It is inspired by the keffiyeh, a traditional headdress worn by Arab men. In anticipation of the hundreds of soccer players that are going to arrive in the country, the Arabic word “la’eeb” means “super-skilled player.” It is made of a piece of clothing.
FIFA Upcoming Event
- FIFA World Cup 2022: Qatar (32 Teams)
- FIFA World Cup 2026: Canada, Mexico, USA (48 teams)
- FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup 2022: Costa Rica
- FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup 2022: India
- FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup 2023: Australia and New Zealand
BCCI Dissolves 4-Member National Selection Committee Headed by Chetan Sharma: The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) has dissolved the four-member National Selection Committee headed by Chetan Sharma after India team’s uninspired performance in T20 World Cup. Apart from chief selector Chetan Sharma, other members of the selection committee were Sunil Joshi, Harvinder Singh and Debashish Mohanty.
More About The Transition:
The BCCI invited fresh applications for the position of National Selectors for the senior men’s team and deadline to submit the applications is 28th November. A release by cricket’s apex governing body in the country mentioned the criteria for those who wish to apply for the positions.
A release by cricket’s apex governing body in the country mentioned the criteria for those who wish to apply for the positions. “Should have played a minimum of 7 Test matches or 30 First Class matches, or 10 ODI and 20 First Class matches,” read the official BCCI statement. “Should have retired from the game at least 5 years ago and no person who has been a member of any Cricket Committee (as defined in the rules and regulations of BCCI) for a total of 5 years shall be eligible to be a member of the Men’s Selection Committee,” the release added.
India’s Consistent Underperformance:
For competitions like the Asia Cup and T20 World Cup, the team selection was unsatisfactory. Constant chop and change on the team’s leadership and the sideline of Shikhar Dhawan, while persisting with KL Rahul being the reasons for the disbarment of the national selection committee.
India’s humiliating 10-wicket defeat to England in the T20 World Cup semifinal. Heads were expected to roll after the Rohit Sharma-led team, seen as one of the main title contenders, fell to a crushing defeat to the Three Lions at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG). Putting the Indian bowlers to the sword, England’s opening duo Joss Buttler and Alex Hales romped to a win with four overs to spare.
Govt to Set up 100 Academies to Promote Archery Amongst Tribal Children: Union Minister for Tribal Affairs Arjun Munda has said the government has decided to set up 100 archery academies in the country to promote talent amongst tribal children by nurturing their archery skills. Mr. Munda said, his Ministry is continuously working for enhancing educational and health facilities and also focusing on generating employment in the tribal areas. He informed that the government is setting up Eklavya Model Residential School and implementing ‘Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojna which aims at mitigating gaps and providing basic infrastructure in villages with significant tribal population.
Tribals As A Source Of Inspiration:
Trailblazers in any field are a sought after lot as they pave the way for others to follow. And even if the next generation or even those contemporaries who chose to follow on their footsteps go on to achieve far more than these pioneers, their importance cannot be understated.
Limba Ram was synonymous with Indian archery for those growing up following Olympic sports disciplines in the 90s. And it was the intrigue surrounding the rise of an athlete from the tribal belt of Rajasthan that caught the attention of the entire country.
For someone who practiced archery with equipment made from bamboo, it’s nothing short of astonishing to see her reach the pinnacle of the sport. Deepika Kumari has done just that.
With three Olympic appearances and a string of medals in World Cups, Asian championships, the Commonwealth Games, the world championships and the Asian Games, the story of the champion archer from a village called Ram Chatti near Ranchi, Jharkhand, is simply incredible.
Shahjahanpur District of UP Amongst Top Ranked District on the Jal Jeevan Mission: Under the Jal Jeevan Mission, Shahjahanpur of UP has created history in providing tap connections to every household in rural areas. Shahjahanpur has become number one in the country in providing maximum tap connections in a month. According to the data given on the website of Jal Jeevan Mission, Bulandshahr, Bareilly, Mirzapur have also got a place in this survey. This success is being considered as a big leap of the Yogi government in the matter of rural drinking water supply. Shahjahanpur, Bulandshahr, Bareilly, Mirzapur districts should be on top in providing employment to the youth along with providing tap connections to the rural people. Various parameters like water quality, training of water testing to women have also come true.
The names of Shahjahanpur, Bulandshahr and Bareilly have been registered among the best performing districts of UP in October. In the ranking of districts, Shahjahanpur topped the best performing category by scoring 689990 marks. Bulandshahr is second by scoring 657180 marks and Bareilly is third in this category by scoring 619114 marks.
About Jal Jeevan Survekshan:
Districts from all around the country are chosen for Jal Jeevan Survekshan-2023 in 5 categories. In four categories—achievers, high achievers, front-runners, and districts with 100% tap connections in a month—districts with these percentages are recognised as performers. In the achievers category, districts with 50% to 75% tap connections are recognised as performers. And districts with 0 to 25 percent tap water are included in the aspirant category.
About The Best Performers:
Shahjahanpur stood first in two categories. It has made it first in the aspirant category by giving 28419 tap connections in October alone. According to the website, till October 1, 44557 families were given tap connections. While till October 31, the figure of providing tap connections has reached 72976.
Bulandshahr in second place in best performance and third in fast moving districts. It has provided 21260 household tap connections in October. The number of tap connections was 97129 as of October 1 and increased to 118389 as of October 31. Bulandshahr has made it to the aspirant category as the second state to provide 6 percent FHTC (where the supply starts from the tap) in a month.
Bareilly (with 619114 marks) stood second in the best performing category and was third in the aspirant category by giving tap water connections to 22,222 families in October.
Mirzapur (600,050 marks) stood second in the fast moving category for ensuring tap water connections to 20,655 families, officials said.
Manipur Tops the Medal Tally in the Northeast Olympic Games: Powerhouse Manipur clinched the top position in the Northeast Olympic Games for the second consecutive time with 237 medals, including 85 gold, as the second edition of the regional multi-sport event concluded here on Wednesday. Manipur also won 76 silver and 77 bronze while Assam was a close second with 201 medals including 81 gold, 60 silver, and 60 bronzes in the event competed among the eight states of the country’s northeast region from November 10.
Manipur Tops the Medal Tally in the Northeast Olympic Games- Key Points
- The host state, Meghalaya, finished in fourth place with 149 medals (36 gold, 35 silver, and 78 bronze), a far better performance than their sixth-place showing with 39 medals in the first edition. Arunachal Pradesh finished in third place.
- When Manipur held the first Games in October 2018, it also had the most medals (80 gold, 49 silver, and 33 bronze).
- Manipur, which has produced Olympic medal-winning athletes such as boxer MC Mary Kom and weightlifter Mirabai Chanu, overtook Assam and consolidated its top position by winning 17 medals, including seven gold, on the final day.
- The U-17 Manipuri women’s football team, which has a few national team players in its ranks, beat Arunachal Pradesh 3-0 in the finals.
- Around 3000 athletes competed in 18 disciplines at 12 venues spread across Shillong. The first edition in Manipur had 12 disciplines.
Tripura CM Dr Manik Saha launched ‘Amar Sarkar’ portal: Tripura chief minister Dr Manik Saha Thursday said his government is working to ensure all central and state-sponsored schemes reach every doorstep and launched a new portal, ‘Amar Sarkar’, to act as a bridge between the people and the government. The webportal now contains 78 departments in total, including the panchayat department. The portal will help people to register their problems and complaints through village committee officials. It is worthy to mention here that various problems and complaints of the people will be registered through the village and village committee level workers in this URL https://amarsarkar.tripura.gov.in/.
The state administration had introduced the “Har Ghar Sushasan” project earlier in September to commemorate Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s birthday. The three-month-long initiative, which will end in November, was initiated to ensure door-step delivery of major central and state government-run schemes in a mission mode. The initiative also urged the rural and urban local bodies to undertake developmental works.
Elephant Death Audit Framework (EDAF): In a first of its kind initiative in India, Tamil Nadu has brought out the ‘Tamil Nadu Elephant Death Audit Framework’ to document reasons for elephant deaths for better accountability. This was released by Chief Minister MK Stalin on Wednesday at the meeting of the State Wildlife Board. Presently, identifying the cause of mortality in the field remains critical for many questions related to population and conservation of elephants. The framework will improve transparency, assist all stakeholders in assessing the results and ultimately facilitate standardisation and more credible comparisons of cause of mortality.
Elephant death audit framework: Objectives
- The broad objectives of Elephant Death Audit Framework (EDAF), the first-of-its-kind initiative in the country, are threefold, said Supriya Sahu, Additional Chief Secretary, Environment, Climate Change and Forests.
- Only 13 of the 131 elephant deaths noted in Tamil Nadu’s forest divisions between January 1, 2021, and March 15, 2022, were reportedly caused by humans, according to media sources. Out of the rest, 118 were due to natural causes; six because of electrocution; four due to train hits; one due to road accident and two because of retaliatory kills.
Elephant Death Audit Framework: Mortality assessment
- The framework will be helpful to collect mortality assessment data with high quality and credibility through a transparent process. The framework and procedural steps could assist wildlife managers and ecologists to ensure accountability, says the Tamil Nadu Elephant Death Audit Framework document.
- India is home to over two-thirds of the World’s Asian elephant population. Incredibly, they live alongside people across much of India, with only about 20 per cent of their range inside protected areas. Yet their population is stable or even increasing in some regions.
- Wild elephant mortality occurs for several reasons, mostly natural but at times unnatural and preventable. Elephants are among the most long-lived mammals, with a life expectancy of around 50 years in the wild, and a generation length of 22 years. With the rapid anthropogenic change, the context of wild elephants’ lives alongside people is also changing, and their corresponding life expectancy is unknown.
Army Chief General Manoj Pandey received guard of honour at Paris: Army Chief General Manoj Pande received a Guard of Honour at the Les Invalides in Paris on 17 November 2022. He is in France for four days. General Manoj Pande during his visit held talks with his French counterpart General Pierre Schille and discussed issues of mutual interest during his visit to the European country.
On November 17, 2022, a Guard of Honor was presented to Army Chief General Manoj Pande at the Les Invalides in Paris. Pande is in France for a four-day visit.
Army Chief General Manoj Pandey received a guard of honor at Paris- Key Points
- The Chief of Army Staff will be in France from November 14 to November 17, 2022.
- Gen Pande left for France on November 14 on a four-day visit to further strengthen the “bond of trust” between the Indian and French armies.
- General Pande held extensive talks with the top military brass of France including the Chief of the Defence Staff, the Chief of the Army Staff, and the Commander of the Land Combat Forces.
- The ceremony was part of the unique tradition between the two Armies.
- From the 5th to the 8th of this month, General Pande will be visiting Nepal on an official basis for four days. His trip to Nepal is his first as Chief of Army Staff.
- General Manoj Pande also handed over non-lethal military aid including Artillery Equipment, Mine Protected Vehicles, Medical Stores, and Horses to Nepal Army, to enhance the Military Cooperation between the two Armies.