Parakram Diwas 2023: Subhas Chandra Bose, Netaji On January 23, a national holiday known as Parakram Diwas is observed in India to commemorate the birth of notable Indian liberation warrior Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, also known as Jayanti or Netaji Jayanti. This year nation celebrates 126th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. On the occasion of Netaji Jayanti, who turned 124 in 2021, Parakram Divas was first observed. It is a recognised holiday in West Bengal, Jharkhand, Tripura, and Assam. The Indian government honours Netaji on this day.
Importance of Parakram Diwas:
The purpose of the holiday is to recall and honour Netaji’s tremendous devotion to the country and his unwavering spirit. He was crucial to the cause for Indian independence. Netaji was a prominent nationalist, politician, and freedom fighter. This day has been set aside to encourage Indians, particularly young people, to strive to his strength, perseverance, selflessness, and patriotic fervour in the face of adversity. He oversaw the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fouj). He was the founder-head of the Azad Hind Government.
About Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
- • On January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Odisha, Netaji was born. He earned a philosophy degree and was subsequently chosen for the Indian Civil Services. He refused to join as he did not want to serve the British Government.
- Later, in 1919, he travelled to England to complete the Indian Civil Service (I.C.S. ), finishing fourth in his class with the highest English score. He didn’t want to work for the British government, therefore in 1921 he resigned and went back to India.
- • When Netaji returned to India, Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, who would eventually serve as his political mentor, urged him to join the Indian National Congress (I.N.C.). Netaji joined the Indian National Congress in 1921.
- He regarded Swami Vivekananda as his spiritual guru and was greatly affected by his ideas. Bose was elected president of the All India Youth Congress in 1923 and later served as president of the Congress in 1938 and 1939.
- Bose was an excellent student and a true nationalist of India. Netaji Bose obtained a B.A. in philosophy from the Scottish Church College, which is a component of the University of Calcutta.
- During World War II, in Southeast Asia, Netaji formed and led a 5,000-man force known as the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) under the slogan ‘Delhi Chalo’ In order to garner popular support in his home state of Bengal, he also founded a new political party.
- Government records claim that on August 18, 1945, a plane crash near Tohuku, Japanese Taiwan, resulted in third-degree burns for Netaji. Although the authorities announced his death in 2017, there are still a number of rumours about his whereabouts.
Exam related facts
- Netaji started a newspaper called “Swaraj”.
- He had written a book called “The Indian Struggle”. The book covers the Indian Independence movement between 1920 and 1942.
- The term “Jai Hind” was coined by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
- With the slogan “Give me blood and I will give you freedom”, he awakened the country towards fighting against the British.