Indian Culture Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Indian Culture Solved MCQs Set22

Questions
1 The philosophy propounded by Vallabhacharya is called
1 Dvaita
2 Dvaitadvaita
3 Suddhadvaita
4 Visisthadvaita

Answer: Suddhadvaita
2 Which Pala ruler was in close diplomatic contact with the Sailendra Kings of Sumatra ?
1 Gopala
2 Devapala
3 Vigrahapala
4 Narayanapala

Answer:Devapala
3 The seeds of the ancient art of Borobudur in Java are traced to the Stupa of
1 Amaravati
2 Ghantasala
3 Nagarjunikonda
4 Nalanda

Answer:Ghantasala
4 The Kirtistambha of Chittor described as ‘the illustrated dictionary of Hindu Mythology’ was built by
1 Anangapla
2 Chamundraya
3 Rana Kumbha
4 Rana Sangrama Singh

Answer: Rana Kumbha
5 Which one of the following statements is not true ?
1 Dharmasvamin, a Tibetan monk visited North India during Iltutmish’s reign.
2 Dharmasvamin found Nalanda in existence and visited the teachers there.
3 Taranath mentions that Tirthankars quarrelled with the Buddhist during a religious sermon and burnt Ratnabodhi, one of the three buildings of the Nalanda University library.
4 Taranath, who visited India in the 14th century mentions that Nalanda was destroyed by Bakhtiyar Khalji.

Answer: Taranath, who visited India in the 14th century mentions that Nalanda was destroyed by Bakhtiyar Khalji.
6 A Sultan of Delhi Sultanate prohibited drinking of intoxicants and persons disobeying his order were thrown into dry wells. Even after taking several dreaded measures, he failed, relented and passed an order that if a man distilled liquor in his own house for his own consumption but was not guilty of selling it or of calling a drinking party, he was not to be molested and the spies were not to enter his house. From the following identify the Sultan who prohibited the drinking :
1 Sultan Balban
2 Sultan Alauddin Khalji
3 Sultan Muhammad-bin Tughluq
4 Sultan Firoz Tughlaq

Answer:Sultan Alauddin Khalji
7 What is not true about Amrit Kund ?
1 It was Sanskrit treatise on Hatha yoga.
2 It was first translated into Arabic in Bengal in the early thirteenth century.
3 In 1498-99 Shaykh Zahid wrote a book in Bengali entitled Adya-Parichaya based on Amrita Kunda.
4 Haqaiq i Hindi of Abdul Wahid is a Persian commentary on Amrit Kunda.

Answer: Haqaiq i Hindi of Abdul Wahid is a Persian commentary on Amrit Kunda.
8 Which of the following Sufi saint was against the institution of marriage ?
1 Shaikh Fariduddin Ganj-i Shakar
2 Shaikh Ali Hujweri
3 Shaikh Bahauddin Zakariya
4 Shaikh Hamiduddin Nagori

Answer:Shaikh Ali Hujweri
9 Point out the name of the Emperor who ordered the repair of old Sarais and bridges as well as the renovation and refurnishing of mosques in disrepair. The latter works were financed from the emperor’s private purse (Sarkar-i Khasa Sharifa).
1 Zahiruddin Babur
2 Jalaluddin Akbar
3 Shah Jahan
4 Aurangzeb Alamgir

Answer:Aurangzeb Alamgir
10 Once Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya said, “There are moment when I am fed-up of all, so much so of my own self, but I am never tired of this ‘Turk’.” The Shaikh also conferred the title of ‘Turkullah’ on him. In classical Persian poetry ‘Turk’ tantamount to ‘beloved’, hence ‘Turkullah’ is synonymous to ‘Mehboob-i Ilahi’. Point out the name of murid (disciple) for whom the Shaikh expressed his views :
1 Ziauddin Barani
2 Amir Khusrau
3 Amir Hassan
4 Syed Mohammad Kirmani

Answer:Amir Khusrau
11 The following statements throw light on the historical and cultural importance of the epigraphs. Point out the correct statements :
1 They correct incongruity or misstatements, supply correct dates of events about which information from other sources is available.
2 They corroborate or contradict statements of scholars on supply details left out by them and furnish correct spellings of names and places.
3 They throw light on the local history, culture and political status of a particular region at a given time.
4 All the above.

Answer: All the above.
12 ‘First, His majesty abstained from meat for some time on Friday’s and then also on Sundays. Now he has added to these the first day of every solar month, Sundays, on solar and lunar eclipses, on days between two fasts, the Mondays of the month of Rajab, the feast day of every Ilahi month, the whole month of Farwardin, and the month in which His Majesty was born, viz. the month of Aban.’ Identify the Emperor about whom the writer has written the above views.
1 Humayun
2 Akbar
3 Jahangir
4 Aurangzeb

Answer: Akbar
13 Tazkira-i Pir Hassu Taili furnishes us a glimpse into the religious stirrings and petty obscurantism that were generated among the educated and ordinary people at this time, but also furnishes with an excellent view of the ethical concept of the Mughal period ‘Pettybourgeoisie’, the small officials and traders. Who is the author of the Tazkira ?
1 Surat Singh
2 Shaikh Chandu Taili
3 Shaikh Taru
4 Pir Hassu or Hassan

Answer:Surat Singh
14 “Immediately on the death of a lord…. be he great or small … the King’s officers are ready on the spot, and make an inventory of the entire estate …. The King takes back the whole estate absolutely for himself…” In the above statement Pelsaert is referring to which of the following practice prevalent during Jahangir’s reign ?
1 Escheat
2 Jagir
3 Tuyul
4 Suyurghal

Answer: Escheat
15 Which one of the following statements regarding Jotiba Phule’s ideals of ‘Universal Humanism’ is not correct ?
1 His humanism was universal, claiming equal rights for all, and excluding all discriminatory distinction.
2 Believed in the Varna system.
3 Worked for a new social structure built on equality and nationality.
4 Believed that the caste system introduced distinction between low and high, and must, therefore, be abandoned.

Answer: Believed in the Varna system.

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