Indian Culture Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Indian Culture Solved MCQs Set 4

Questions
1 A manuscript of Dhammapada written in Prakrit language and Kharoshthi script was found from :
1 Khotan
2 Karashahar
3 Niya
4 Turfan

AnswerKhotan
2 Which of the following statements is not true about schism among the early Shias ?
1 The Ismailis owed their origin to the schismatic rifts and divisions among the early Shias.
2 The period of the fifth Imam Muhammad al-Baqir was particularly marked by such divisions.
3 The Fatahiya, Shumaitia, Qatia, Ismailia and Mubarkia emerged during this period.
4 Most of these disappeared in course of time, but the Ismailia and Mubarkia survived much longer.

Answer:The period of the fifth Imam Muhammad al-Baqir was particularly marked by such divisions.
3 Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R) :

Assertion (A) : Shah Waliullah has divided sufism into four epochs. The first began with the Prophet Muhammad and extended until the time of Junaid of Baghadad.

Reason (R) : The sufis of the first period devoted themselves to prayer fasting and zikr they live in a state of ecstacy which led to Twajjuh which they considered necessary for spiritual life.

In the context of the above two statements which of the following is correct ?

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer: (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 “He shed his ‘I’ in mystical annihilation (fana) ‘as snakes their skin’ and in that state he declared : Glory be to me ! How great is my majesty ! Thy obedience to me is greater than my obedience to thee”. In the above statement Al-Junaid is referring to which of the following sufi saint ?
1 Ibn al-Arabi
2 Shaikh Abul Hasan Kharqan i
3 Al - Bayazid
4 Al - Hallaj

Answer:Al - Bayazid
5 Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R) :

Assertion (A) : Al-Biruni was proud of his mathematical and scientific heritage and was hostile to mystical ideas.

Reason (R) : He condemned sufi rationalism and compared Muslim alchemy and Hindu rasayan (Chemistry) with witchcraft.

In the context of the above two statements which of the following is correct ?
1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
6 Fakhr-i Mudabbir writes, “Despite the fact that his troops were drawn from such heterogenous sources as Turks, Ghurids, Khurasanis, Khaljis and Hindustanis, no soldier dared to take by force a blade of grass, or a morsel of food, a goat from the fold or a bird from the sown or extract compulsory lodging from a peasant.” Identify this sultan :
1 Qutbud-din Aibek
2 Balban
3 Ala-ud-din Khalji
4 Muhammad Tughlaq

Answer:Qutbud-din Aibek
7 When Sultan Iltutmish sent 500 silver tankas with a farman conferring a village on him, the wife of this sufi saint reacted sharply by saying, ‘O khwaja ! Do you want to disgrace years of spiritual devotion and penitence by accepting this gift ? Do not worry. I have spu n two sirs of yarn. It will suffice for preparing a loin cloth for you and a dupatta for me.’ The Shaikh then declined to accept the royal gift. Identify this Sufi who declined the royal offer :
1 Shaikh Nizam-uddin
2 Shaikh Nasiruddin
3 Shaikh Hamid-uddin Nagauri
4 Khwaja Majduddin

Answer:Shaikh Hamid-uddin Nagauri
8 About Alauddin Khalji, which of the following statements are correct ?

(a) He prohibited drinking of wine.

(b) He punished the rapists severely.

(c) He introduced the market control policy for the welfare of his subjects.

(d) He had Rajputs as his body-guards.

Select the correct answer from the code given below : Code :
1 (a) and (c)
2 (b) and (d)
3 (a), (b) and (c)
4 (a), (b), (c) (d)

Answer:(a), (b), (c) (d)
9 Arrange in a chronological sequence the following dowager queens who ruled as regents of their minor successor sons :

(a) Didda

(b) Karpuradevi

(c) Mayanalladevi

(d) Prabhavatigupta

Select the correct answer from the code given below :
1 (a), (d), (b), (c)
2 (d), (a), (c), (b)
3 (a), (b), (d), (c)
4 (d), (c), (b), (a)

Answer:(d), (a), (c), (b)
10 Which of the following is not a constituent of a state as conceived by ancient political thinkers ?
1 Army
2 Forts
3 Ratnins
4 Treasury

Answer: Ratnins
11 Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R) :

Assertion (A) : When Qutbuddin Aibek attacked Kalinjarin 1202, Ajaydeva, the Chief Minister, arranged water supply from a hillside spring and was confident that it would not fail.

Reason (R) : The Turks could not divert the water course and could not cut off the source of supply of water to the Kalinjar fort.

In the context of the above two statements which of the following is correct ?
1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is true but (R) is false.
12 ‘The Sultan organized his court on the Iranian model and emulated the etiquette and ceremonials of the Sassanids meticulously in all details. He sat on his throne with the dignity of the great Sassanid kings.’Who was this sultan ?
1 Iltutmish
2 Balban
3 Jalaluddin Khalji
4 Firuz Tughlaq

Answer:Balban
13 ‘Unlike his father, the prince was affable, courteous and distinguished for his excellent manners; by birth a prince, it was not necessary for him to resort to the mannerism of a superman, which made his father so dignified in the eyes of the masses and so ridiculous in the eyes of the discerning’. Identify this prince :
1 Aram Shah s/o Qutbuddin Aibek
2 Ruknuddin Firuz s/o Iltutmish
3 Sultan Muhammad s/o Balban
4 Khizr KHAN s/o Alauddin Khalji

Answer:Sultan Muhammad s/o Balban
14 Which socio-religious practice did Chishti sufis borrow from the Urdhamukhi Sadhus ?
1 Langar
2 Chilla-i makus
3 Sama
4 Pir o murshid

Answer: Chilla-i makus
15 Various traditions have appropriated Kabir in their own way. In this regard which of the following statement is not true ?
1 In early sufi tradition Kabir is referred to as Muwahhid (Unitarian).
2 Mirat-ul Asrar refers him as Firdawsiyya sufi.
3 In Dabistan-i Mazahib he is referred to as a Vairagi.
4 Abdullah Khweshgi mentions that Kabir was a perfect awliya who has forsaken the path of MALAMAT and WISAL .

Answer:Abdullah Khweshgi mentions that Kabir was a perfect awliya who has forsaken the path of MALAMAT and WISAL .

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