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Law Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Law Quiz Set 34

Questions
1 One of the following International Convention is not related to wild life conservation. Give the correct answer :
1 Convention on International Trade In Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
2 Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in Transboundary Context
3 Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals
4 Convention on International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Answer: Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in Transboundary Context
2 The Montreal Protocol is related to
1 Transboundary Air pollution
2 Ozone Layer
3 Climate change
4 Hazardous waste

Answer: Ozone Layer
3 Read both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and give the correct answer by using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Over 200 central and state statutes which have atleast some concern with environmental protection, either directly or indirectly have unfortunately not resulted in preventing environmental degradation, on the contrary has increased over the years. Reason (R) : Unless the Government policy is backed by adequate budgetary allocation, changes to the statutory regime and a bureaucratic will, the government’s intention are apt to remain on paper. Codes :

1 Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
3 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
4 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
4 Give correct answer by using codes given below : The Environmental approach has led the Supreme Court to derive, adopt and apply a range of principles to guide the development of environmental jurisprudence. Notable amongst the fundamental norms recognised by the court are
  1. Every person enjoys the right to a wholesome environment, which is a facet of the right to life guaranteed under Art. 21 of the Constitution
  2. Enforcement agencies are under an obligation to strictly enforce environmental laws
  3. Government agencies may not plead non-availability of funds, inadequacy of staff or other insufficiencies to justify the non-performance of their obligations under environmental laws
  4. Stringent action ought to be taken against contumacious defaulters and persons who carry on industrial or development activity for profit without regard to environmental laws

Codes :

1 only a and b
2 only a, b and c
3 a, b, c and d
4 only a

Answer : a, b, c and d
5 In which of the following case the Supreme Court after referring to International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights and Universal Declaration of Human Rights observed that, “It is almost an accepted proposition of law that rule of customary international law which are not contrary to the Municipal Law shall deemed to be incorporated in the domestic law” ?
1 M.C. Mehta V. Union of India
2 Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra V. State of U.P
3 P.U.C.L. V. Union of India
4 Church of God (Full Gospels) in India V. K.K.R. Majestic Colony Welfare Association

Answer: P.U.C.L. V. Union of India
6 Which one of the following is correct ?

The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1981 was enacted

1 by the Parliament under Art 252 (1) of the Constitution after securing enabling resolution from the States
2 by the Parliament invoking the power under Art 253 to make laws implementing decisions taken at International Conferences
3 by the states, as the executive functions under the Air Act are carried out by the State Pollution Control Board
4 by the Parliament based on the directions given by the Supreme Court

Answer: by the Parliament invoking the power under Art 253 to make laws implementing decisions taken at International Conferences
7 Which of the following pair/pairs is/are correctly matched ? Give correct answer by using the codes given below :
  1. J.G. Starke – An Introduction to International Law
  2. Hackworth – Digest of International Law
  3. J.L. Brierly – The Changing Structure of International Law
  4. W. Friedman – The Basis of Obligation in International Law

Codes :

1 only ii
2 i and ii both
3 i, ii and iii
4 i, ii, iii and iv

Answer: i and ii both
8 In which of the following cases the International Court of Justice pointed out that when in regard to any matter or practice, two states follow it repeatedly for a long time, it becomes a binding customary rule ?
1 West Rand Central Gold Mining Company Ltd., V. R. Case
2 South West Africa Case
3 Right of Passage over Indian Territory Case (Portugal V. India)
4 North Sea Continental Shelf Case

Answer: Right of Passage over Indian Territory Case (Portugal V. India)
9 In International law a good example of the application of the principle sovereignty is the “Theory of Auto Limitation”. According to this theory, states follow International law because they have by their consent reduced their powers. This principle is based on the principle of state sovereignty. The chief exponent of this principle was
1 only Anzilotti
2 Anzilotti and Triepel both
3 Salmond
4 Max Huber

Answer: Anzilotti and Triepel both
10 Which of the following statement/statements is/are incorrect ? Give correct answer by using the codes given below :
  1. “Subjugation” is a mode of ‘acquisition’ of Nationality under the International Law
  2. Stock V. The Public Trustee is a case related to Double Nationality
  3. Articles 3 to 6 of the Hague Convention of 1930 provide the provisions for solving the problem of Double Nationality of married women
  4. “Cession” is a mode of ‘Loss’ of Nationality under the International Law

Codes :

1 only II is incorrect
2 I, II and III are incorrect
3 II, III and IV are incorrect
4 I, II, III and IV all are incorrect

Answer: II, III and IV are incorrect
11 Read Assertion (A) and Reason (R) both and give the correct answer by using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : The General Assembly is one of the principal organ of the United Nations which consists of all the members of United Nations. Reason (R) : The Resolutions or Declaration of the General Assembly are not binding upon the States. They are merely recommendations. Codes :

1 Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct individually, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A)
3 (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
4 (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are correct individually, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A)
12 Which of the following pair/pairs is/are not correctly matched ? Give correct answer by using the codes given below :
  1. Composition of the Security Council of U.N. – Article 23 of the U.N. Charter
  2. Composition of the Economic and Social Council – Article 61 of the U.N. Charter
  3. Composition of the General Assembly of the United Nations – Article 86 of the U.N. Charter
  4. Composition of Trusteeship Council – Article 28 of the U.N. Charter

Codes :

1 only iv
2 iii and iv both
3 i, ii and iii
4 i, ii, iii and iv all

Answer: iii and iv both
13 A marriage solemnized between any two Hindus who are Sapindas of each other shall be
1 Valid, if the custom or usage governing any of them permits a marriage between the two
2 Valid, if the custom or usage governing each of them permits a marriage between the two
3 Voidable, if the custom or usage governing each of them permits a marriage between the two
4 Void, if the custom or usage governing each of them permits a marriage between the two

Answer: Valid, if the custom or usage governing each of them permits a marriage between the two
14 Read the following and give correct answer with the help of codes given below

A married Hindu female can adopt a child

  1. Only with the consent of her husband
  2. In case of void marriage, consent of husband is necessary
  3. In case of voidable marriage, consent of husband is not necessary
  4. If husband has converted to Muslim religion, his consent is not necessary

Codes :

1 i and iv are correct, but ii and iii are incorrect
2 i, iii and iv are correct, but ii is incorrect
3 ii and iv are correct, but i and iii are incorrect
4 iv and ii are correct, but iii and i are incorrect

Answer: i and iv are correct, but ii and iii are incorrect
15 Which of the following is not a ground of divorce available to wife under section 13(2) of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 ?
1 Pre-Act bigamy of the husband
2 Repudiation of marriage
3 Cruelty by the husband
4 Husband is guilty of rape, sodomy and bestiality

Answer: Cruelty by the husband

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