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Law Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Law Quiz Set 48

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Questions
1 Read Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and using the codes given below choose the correct answer:

Assertion (A) : A riot is simply an unlawful assembly in a particular state of activity. Reason (R) : The use of force distinguishes riot from unlawful assembly. Codes :

1 Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2 Assertion (A) is correct, but Reason (R) is incorrect
3 Reason (R) is right and Assertion (A) is wrong
4 Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are wrong

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2 A Police Officer destroyed the FIR as he could not conduct the investigation due to other occupation but later, upon media report, made a fresh report basing upon totally different fact. What offence, if any, has been committed by him ?
1 Secreting the document as per section 175 of IPC
2 Destruction of document to prevent its production as evidence as per Section 204 of IPC
3 False representation for prosecution as per section 205 of IPC
4 Fraudulent removal of document to avoid seizure as per Section 206 of IPC

Answer: Destruction of document to prevent its production as evidence as per Section 204 of IPC
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3 Read Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and give the correct answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : A single blow with a dangerous weapon on a vital part of the body makes the offence as murder. Reason (R) : It is immaterial that the injury was done without any specific intention. Codes :

1 Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2 Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are occasionally complementary to each other
3 Assertion (A) is correct, but Reason (R) is not supplementary to it
4 Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are wrong

Answer: Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
4 ‘A’ dishonestly abstracts electricity running in electric wire connected to his house. The offence of committing theft of property is punishable under which of the provisions of IPC ?
1 Causing theft without consent as per Section 378 of IPC is punishable under Section 379 of IPC
2 In such cases use of penal provisions under IPC for theft is banned as there is a special law for the purpose
3 As there is dishonest movement of electricity the offence of theft is complete, so as to attract Section 379 of IPC
4 As moving of electricity does not fall within the category of immovable property, no offence is possible

Answer : In such cases use of penal provisions under IPC for theft is banned as there is a special law for the purpose
5 The Supreme Court while reiterating the significance of “Intergenerational Equity” observed that “the present generation has no right to deplete all the existing Forest and leave nothing for the next and future generation” in one of the following case :
1 S. Jaganath v/s. Union of India
2 M.C. Mehta v/s. Union of India
3 State of Himachal Pradesh v/s. Ganesh Wood Products
4 Indian Council for Enviro-legal Action v/s. Union of India

Answer: State of Himachal Pradesh v/s. Ganesh Wood Products
6 Which one of the conference is regarded as “Water Shed” in the field of Environment that enables the international community and institutions to work without being bothered by the principle of State Sovereignty ?
1 Stockholm Conference
2 Bali Conference
3 Copenhagen Conference
4 RIO Conference

Answer: Stockholm Conference
7 The relevant Constitutional Amendment which obligates the Municipal bodies to ensure Environmental protection are
1 42nd and 43rd
2 65th and 66th
3 71st and 72nd
4 73rd and 74th

Answer: 73rd and 74th
8 Which one of the following statement is incorrect ?
1 Environmental measures by the State/Central Government and statutory authorities must anticipate, prevent and attack the causes of environmental degradation
2 Where the thefts are of serious and irreversible nature, lack of scientific certainty should not be used as reason for postponing measures to prevent environmental degradation
3 There need not be a bonafide reason to believe that the activity is not environmentally benign
4 The onous of proof is on the actor or the developer to show that his action is environmentally benign

Answer: There need not be a bonafide reason to believe that the activity is not environmentally benign
9 Read Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and answer using codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Customary International Law if not contrary to the Municipal Laws shall be deemed to have been incorporated in the Domestic Law and shall be followed by the courts. Reason (R) : Sustainable development as a balancing concept between ecology and development has been accepted as apart of customary International Law. Codes :

1 (A) is right, but (R) is wrong
2 Both (A) and (R) are right and (R) is the correct reason of (A)
3 Both (A) and (R) are wrong
4 Both (A) and (R) are right, but (R) is not the correct reason of (A)

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are right and (R) is the correct reason of (A)
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10 Which one of the following is incorrect ?

The National Green Tribunal vested with both Original and Appellate jurisdiction relating to Environmental matters :

1 have powers vested in a civil court
2 not bound by the rules of evidence
3 bound by the procedure laid down by the code of civil procedure
4 have powers to regulate its own procedure

Answer: bound by the procedure laid down by the code of civil procedure
11 Read Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and give the correct answer by using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : The greatest shortcoming of International law is that it lacks an effective executive authority to enforce its rules. Reason (R) : Due to lack of effective sanctions, rules of International Law are frequently violated. Codes :

1 Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A)
3 (A) is correct, (R) is wrong
4 (A) is wrong, (R) is correct

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
12 Which of the following statement/Statements is/are correct ?
  1. Article 38 of the Statute of the Permanent Court of International justice mentions only 4 source of International law
  2. Right of passage over Indian Territory Case (Portugal v/s. India) is a case decided by the International Court of justice based upon General Principle of law recognised by Civilized States
  3. Decisions or determinations of the organs of the International Institutions does not find mention in Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court but has become a Well-recognised source of International Law
  4. In Chorzow Factory (Indemnity) case the permanent court of justice applied the principle of subrogation

Codes :

1 Only (a) is correct
2 Only (b), (c) and (d) are correct
3 Only (a) and (c) are correct
4 (a), (b), (c) and (d) all are correct

Answer: Only (a) and (c) are correct
13 In which of the following cases Russel J. observed, “the question of what state a person belongs to must ultimately be decided by the Municipal law of the state to which he claims to belong or to which, it is alleged that he belongs” ?
1 Winans v/s. Attorney General
2 Nottebohm’s Case
3 Stoeck v/s. The Public Trustee
4 Somerville v/s. Somerville

Answer: Stoeck v/s. The Public Trustee
14 The European convention on Extradition entered into force on
1 13th December, 1957
2 18th April, 1957
3 18th April, 1964
4 13th December, 1964

Answer: 13th December, 1964
15 On 28th March, 1945, a convention on Territorial Asylum was adopted at
1 Geneva
2 Caracus
3 Paris
4 Tokyo

Answer: Caracus

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