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Clinical Psychology Quiz | Clinical Psychology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

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Questions
1 The discipline of clinical psychology did not come into existence until
A around the turn of the 19th
B around the turn of the 20th
C the 1950s
D the 1980s

Answer: around the turn of the 20th
2 _____ was an early pioneer in the field of mental health who advocated for better treatment of the mentally ill in England.
A William Tuke
B Phillippe Pinel
C Eli Todd
D Henry Murray

Answer: William Tuke
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3 The _____, a residential treatment center for the mentally ill in England, served as a model for humane treatment facilities that subsequently opened throughout Europe and the United States.
A Pinel Institute
B Hartford Retreat
C York Retreat
D Todd Institute

Answer: York Retreat
4 _____ was an early pioneer in the field of mental health who advocated for better treatment of the mentally ill in France.
A Eli Todd
B Edward Lee Thorndike
C Phillippe Pinel
D Hermann Rorschach

Answer: Phillippe Pinel
5 Which of the following is NOT true of Philippe Pinel?
A Pinel helped to establish compassionate treatment of the mentally ill in England.
B Pinel advocated for institution staff to record a patient’s case history and ongoing treatment notes.
C Pinel wrote Treatise on Insanity, in which he argued for empathy for the mentally ill.
D Pinel created institutions where patients were given healthy food and kind treatment.

Answer: Pinel helped to establish compassionate treatment of the mentally ill in England.
6 Eli Todd is most notable for
A creating an inkblot personality test that is still used by many clinical psychologists.
B advocating for humane treatment of the mentally ill in the United States.
C coining the term clinical psychology.
D creating the first widely used test of intelligence.

Answer: advocating for humane treatment of the mentally ill in the United States.
7 _____’s work directly resulted in the establishment of more than 30 state institutions for the mentally ill throughout the United States.
A William Tuke
B Philippe Pinel
C Eli Todd
D Dorthea Dix

Answer: Dorthea Dix
8 James receives his doctorate in psychology in the late 1800s. Upon graduation, he is most likely to find employment as
A a clinician providing psychotherapy.
B a clinician conducting psychological assessments.
C a lecturer at a professional school of psychology that trains the next generation of practitioners.
D a researcher in an academic setting.

Answer: a researcher in an academic setting.
9 The first psychological clinic was founded by
A Lightner Witmer.
B Wilhelm Wundt.
C James McKeen Cattell.
D William Tuke.

Answer: Lightner Witmer.
10 At the first psychological clinic, the patients were primarily
A children with school-related problems.
B adults with personality disorders.
C children and adults with depression.
D couples experiencing relationship problems.

Answer: children with school-related problems.
11 The journal founded by Lightner Witmer was titled
A Treatment of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.
B The Psychological Clinic.
C Behavior Change.
D Psychology and Cognition.

Answer: The Psychological Clinic.
12 Lightner Witmer originally defined clinical psychology as related to the disciplines of _____.
A philosophy and pathology
B sociology, physiology, and communication sciences
C medicine, education, and social work
D psychiatry and anthropology

Answer: medicine, education, and social work
13 _____ is credited with the first known publication in which the term clinical psychology was used.
A Wilhelm Wundt
B Lightner Witmer
C Emil Kraepelin
D Edward Lee Throndike

Answer: Lightner Witmer
14 In 1800s Europe, mental illness was initially placed in one of two categories: _____, psychiatric symptoms, or _____, breaks from reality.
A neuroses, psychoses
B psychoses, neuroses
C exogenous disorders, endogenous disorders
D endogenous disorders, exogenous disorders

Answer: neuroses, psychoses
15 Emil Kraepelin
A is considered a pioneer in the diagnosis of mental illness.
B authored an objective personality test that remains widely used among clinical psychologists today.
C created the first Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
D argued for humane treatment of the mentally ill in France.

Answer: is considered a pioneer in the diagnosis of mental illness.
16 Emil Kraepelin’s two-category system of mental illness included _____, disorders caused by external factors, and _____, disorders caused by internal factors.
A neuroses, psychoses
B psychoses, neuroses
C exogenous disorders, endogenous disorders
D endogenous disorders, exogenous disorders

Answer: exogenous disorders, endogenous disorders
17 _____, a term coined by Emil Kraepelin, described a cluster of symptoms similar to what is now known as schizophrenia.
A Dementia praecox
B Paranoia
C Depressive psychosis
D Cyclothymic personality

Answer: Dementia praecox
18 The first edition of the DSM was published in _____.
A 1896
B 1926
C 1952
D 1980

Answer: 1952
19 The DSM is published by the
A American Psychological Association.
B National Association of Social Workers.
C American Psychotherapy Association.
D American Psychiatric Association.

Answer: American Psychiatric Association.
20 Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A Each edition of the DSM has included fewer pages and diagnoses than the previous edition.
B Specific diagnostic criteria have been a characteristic of the DSM since its first edition.
C DSM-II introduced a multiaxial diagnostic system.
D DSM-5, published in May 2013, is the most recent version of the manual.

Answer: DSM-5, published in May 2013, is the most recent version of the manual.
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