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People and Environment Quiz | People and Environment Objective Type Questions and Answers

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Questions
21 In our country the Van Mahotsav Day is observed on
A Second of October
B First of December
C Tenth of August
D First of July

Answer: First of July
22 Which of the following problems is not created by noise pollution ?
A Diarrhoea
B Irritation
C Deafness
D Hypertension

Answer: Diarrhoea
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23 71% of earth surface is covered with:
A water
B land
C air
D coal

Answer: water
24 Process through which plants reproduce:
A Pollination
B Condensation
C Evaporation
D Eating

Answer: Pollination
25

Assertion (A): People population control measures do not necessarily help in checking environmental degradation.

Reason (R): The relationship between population growth and environmental degradation is rather complex.

Choose the correct answer from the following:
A Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
C (A) is true but (R) is false
D (A) is false but (R) is true

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
26 As part of National Climate Change Policy, Indian government is planning to raise the installed capacity of renewable energy by the year 2030 to:
A 350 GW
B 175 GW
C 200 GW
D None of these

Answer: 350 GW
27 Which of the following is the largest source of water pollution in major rivers of India?
A Untreated sewage
B Religious practices
C Agriculture run-off
D Unregulated small scale industries

Answer: Untreated sewage
28 Sustainable development goals have specific targets to be achieved by
A 2050
B 2040
C 2030
D 2022

Answer: 2030
29

Assertion (A): Conserving our soil resources is critical to human survival.

Reason (R): Soil is home to many micro-organisms and contains minerals.

Choose the correct code:
A Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
C (A) is true and (R) is false
D (A) is false and (R) is true

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
30 World Meteorological Organisation’s (WMO) objective has been to reduce the number of deaths due to hydrometeorological disasters over the decade 2010-2019 by (with reference to the decade 1994-2003)
A 50%
B 80%
C 25%
D None

Answer: 50%
31

Assertion (A): Sustainable development is critical to well being of human society.

Reason (R): Environmentally sound policies do not harm the environment or deplete the natural resources.

Choose the correct code:
A Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
C (A) is false and (R) is true
D (A) is true and (R) is false

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
32 Indian government’s target for power production from small hydro projects by the year 2022 is
A 15 Giga-Watt
B 5 Giga-Watt
C 1 Giga-Watt
D 10 Giga-Watt

Answer: 5 Giga-Watt
33 Which of the following pollutants is the major cause of respiratory diseases?
A Volatile organic compounds
B Suspended fine particles
C Nitrogen oxides
D None of these

Answer: Suspended fine particles
34 Among the following fuels of energy, which is the most environment friendly?
A CNG
B Hydrogen
C Ethanol
D Biogas

Answer: Hydrogen
35 Which of the following types of natural disasters has no definite beginning and end?
A Droughts
B Hurricanes
C Earthquakes
D Landslides

Answer: Droughts
36

Assertion (A): Indoor air pollution is a serious health hazard.

Reason (R): The dispersal of air pollutants is rather limited in indoor environment.

Choose the correct answer from the code given below:
A Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
B Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
C (A) is true and (R) is false
D Both (A) and (R) are false

Answer: Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
37 How many types of health hazards are there?
A Three
B Four
C One
D Two

Answer: Three
38 Which one of the following is a result of high exposure of radiation?
A Leg fracture
B Hair loss
C Loss of white blood cells
D Tooth decay

Answer: Loss of white blood cells
39 How many percentage of water approximately present in human body?
A 70%
B 80%
C 50%
D None

Answer: 70%
40 The current rates of disease are increasing at alarming speeds and most are closely linked with known____________________
A Balanced diet
B Organic farming
C Carcinogens
D None of these

Answer: Carcinogens