Research Methodology MCQs | Research Methodology short Questions & Answers

Questions
1 Bibliography given in a research report
A Helps those interested in further research and studying the problem from another angle
B Shows the vast knowledge of the researcher
C Makes the report authentic
D None of the above

Answer: Helps those interested in further research and studying the problem from another angle
2 Which comes first, theory or research? a) b) c) d)
A Theory, because otherwise you are working in the dark
B Research, because that’s the only way you can develop a theory
C It depends on your point of view
D The question is meaningless, because you can’t have one without the other

Answer: It depends on your point of view
3 We review the relevant literature to know:
A What is already known about the topic
B What concepts and theories have been applied to the topic
C Who are the key contributors to the topic
D All of the above

Answer: Pr absorbs red light and becomes Pfr
4 A deductive theory is one that
A Allows theory to emerge out of the data
B Involves testing an explicitly defined hypothesis
C Allows for findings to feed back into the stock of knowledge
D Uses qualitative methods whenever possible

Answer: Involves testing an explicitly defined hypothesis
5 Which of the following is not a type of research question?
A A hypothesis
B Predicting an outcome
C Evaluating a phenomenon
D Developing good practice

Answer: A hypothesis
6 What does ‘sampling cases’ mean?
A Sampling using a sampling frame
B Identifying people who are suitable for research
C Literally, the researcher’s brief-case
D Sampling people, newspapers, television programmes etc

Answer: Sampling people, newspapers, television programmes etc.
7 The core ingredients of a dissertation are:
A Introduction; Data collection; Data analysis; Conclusions and recommendations.
B Executive summary; Literature review; Data gathered; Conclusions; Bibliography
C Introduction; Literature review; Research methods; Results; Discussion; Conclusion
D Research plan; Research data; Analysis; References

Answer: Introduction; Literature review; Research methods; Results; Discussion; Conclusion
8 Which of the following is not a data-collection method?
A Research questions
B Unstructured interviewing
C Postal survey questionnaires
D Participant observation

Answer: Research questions
9 The research antagonistic to ex-post facto research is
A Experimental studies
B Library researches
C Normative researches
D All of the above

Answer: Experimental studies
10 An example of scientific knowledge is
A Laboratory and field experiments
B Social traditions and customs
C Authority of the Prophet or great men
D Religious scriptures

Answer: Laboratory and field experiments
11 The process not needed in experimental researches is
A Reference collection
B Controlling
C Observation
D Manipulation and replication

Answer: Reference collection
12 Below are given some probable characteristics of an ineffective teacher, which of them is most likely to be characterized the ineffective teacher
A Emphasis upon pupil discussion in the clarification of groups goals
B Emphasis upon standards
C Emphasis upon the control of the immediate situation
D None of the above

Answer: Emphasis upon the control of the immediate situation
13 The per capital income of India from 1950 to 1990 is four times. This study is
A Social
B Factorial
C Horizontal
D Longitudinal

Answer: Longitudinal
14 Nine years old children are taller than 7 years old ones. It is an example of
A Vertical studies
B Cross-sectional studies
C Experimental studies
D Case studies

Answer: Cross-sectional studies
15 Attributes of objects, events or things which can be measured are called
A Data
B ribulose biphosphate
C Variables
D None of the above

Answer: Variables
16 In order to augment the accuracy of the study a researcher
A Should be honest and unbiased
B Should increase the size of the sample
C Should keep the variance high
D All of these

Answer: All of these
17 Hypothesis cannot be stated in
A Declarative terms
B Null and question form terms
C General terms
D Directional terms

Answer: General terms
18 All cause non sampling errors except
A Faulty tools of measurement
B Defect in data collection
C Non response
D Inadequate sample

Answer: Inadequate sample
19 Formulation of hypothesis may not be necessary in
A Survey studies
B Fact finding (historical) studies
C Experimental studies
D Normative studies

Answer: Fact finding (historical) studies
20 Who is regarded the father of scientific social surveys ?
A Best
B Booth
C Darwin
D None of these

Answer: Booth