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Philosophy Objective Questions and Answers | Philosophy MCQs with Answers | Quiz Set 9

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Questions
1 According to the ex nihilo theory of St. Augustine ;
1 God created the world out of the existent
2 God created the world out of nothing
3 God created the evil out of something
4 God created himself out of nothing

Answer: God created the world out of nothing
2 ‘‘If there are no individual circular things ; there would be no such thing as the form called circularity’’, can be attributed to ;
1 Socrates
2 Plato
3 Aristotle
4 St. Augustine

Answer: Aristotle
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3 Consider the following statements in the light of Plato’s metaphysics and mark the correct code :
  1. What is truly real is not the objects we encounter in sensory experience
  2. Forms can only be grasped intellectually
  3. Forms are just ideas or concepts in the mind of some one

Code :

1 Only (a) is true
2 Only (a) and (b) are true
3 Only (a) and (c) are true
4 All (a), (b) and (c) are true

Answer:Only (a) and (b) are true
4 Who among the following holds the view that ‘‘Things are things because they can be ennumerated’’ ?
1 Pythagoras
2 Anaximander
3 Heraclitus
4 Parmenides

Answer:Pythagoras
5 Given below are Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Consider them in the light of Thomas Aquinas and mark the correct code :
  1. Assertion (A) : God is the uncaused cause of the world.
  2. Reason (R) : Anything that begins to exist has to be caused to exist by something that already exists.

Code :

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true and (R) is false.
4 (A) is false and (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
6 Which one of the following early Greek Philosophers held that ; ‘‘You can not know what is not, nor can you express it. What can be thought of and what can be - they are the same’’.
1 Parmenides
2 Heraclitus
3 Empedocles
4 Democritus

Answer:Parmenides
7 Which of the following sequence correctly represent the successive stages of the Absolute mind according to Hegel ?
1 imagination, intuition, conception
2 religion, psychology, philosophy
3 art, religion, philosophy
4 religion, art, philosophy

Answer:art, religion, philosophy
8 Given below are Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Consider them and select the correct code :
  1. Assertion (A) : According to Gilbert Ryle, to say of someone that ‘x’ is intelligent implies
  2. Reason (R) : (i) It is an assertion about x’s mind (ii) It is our knowledge of x’s public performance

Code :

1 Both (A) and (R) (i), (ii) are true and (R) (i), (ii) both are correct explanations of (A)
2 (A) and (R) are true but (R) (i) only is the correct explanation of (A)
3 (A) and (R) are true but (R) (ii) only is the correct explanation of (A)
4 Both (A) and (R) are false and (R) (i), (ii) is not a correct explanation of (A)

Answer: Both (A) and (R) (i), (ii) are true and (R) (i), (ii) both are correct explanations of (A)
9 Which of the following statement is incorrect in the context of Nietzsche :
1 Slave morality settles for the imaginary revenge of the after life
2 Slave morality is inauthentic because it is always a reaction, never originating impulse
3 Slave morality immediately says yes to what comes from outside, to what is different, to what is not oneself
4 Slave morality is a morality of resignation, deferment and prohibition

Answer: Slave morality immediately says yes to what comes from outside, to what is different, to what is not oneself
10 In the light of William James, which of the following is not a correct statement ?
1 Life demands a response -‘‘forced options’’
2 False ideas are those that we cannot verify
3 Theories are only man - made language, in which we write our reports of nature
4 True ideas cannot be validated

Answer:True ideas cannot be validated
11 Phenomenology, according to Husserl, rests upon which of the following radical conviction ?
1 Meaning is in the mind alone
2 Meaning is in the world alone
3 Meaning is neither in the mind nor in the world
4 Meaning is in the intentional relationship between the mind and the world

Answer: Meaning is in the intentional relationship between the mind and the world
12 Given below are Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Consider them and select the correct code :
  1. Assertion (A) : According to Kant, though we cannot directly experience Noumena, a special class of Transcendental Ideas bridges the gap between the Phenomenal and Noumenal Worlds
  2. Reason (R) : (i) Ideas are called Transcendental because they are products of reason alone and not the result of the mind’s interaction with sensation (ii) They ‘Unify’ or ‘make possible’ having experience in the first place

Code :

1 Both (A) and (R) (i), (ii) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2 (A) and (R) (i) are true and (R) (i) is the only correct explanation of (A)
3 (A) and (R) (ii) are true and (R) (ii) alone is the correct explanation of (A)
4 Both (A) and (R) (i), (ii) are false and (R) does not provide a correct explanation of (A)

Answer:Both (A) and (R) (i), (ii) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
13 For Leibnitz, monads are :
1 Indivisible and Spiritual only
2 Indivisible and Self - active only
3 Self-active and material only
4 Indivisible, Self - active and Spiritual

Answer:Indivisible, Self - active and Spiritual
14 Which one among the following code is acceptable to John Locke ? Answer considering (a), (b), (c) and (d) :
  1. Only Agreement of Ideas is Knowledge
  2. Only Agreement of Sensations is Knowledge
  3. Agreement or Disagreement of Ideas is Knowledge
  4. Agreement or Disagreement of Sensations is Knowledge

Code :

1 (d) and (c)
2 (d) and (a)
3 (c) and (a)
4 (a) and (b)

Answer: (c) and (a
15 Which one among the following code is acceptable to Spinoza ? Answer considering (a), (b), (c), (d) :
  1. Nature as a self-creating reality is known as Natura Naturans
  2. Nature as a self-creating reality is known as Natura Naturata.
  3. In its aspect of a creative product, Nature is known as Natura Naturata
  4. In its static aspect, Nature is known as Natura Naturans.

Code :

1 (a) and (b)
2 (a) and (c)
3 (a) and (d)
4 (b) and (d)

Answer: (a) and (c)

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