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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 20

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Questions
1 If you begin with a problem and come up with many different solutions; you are using __________ , which is a form of creative thinking; contrarily sometimes you come up with correct solution by using __________ thinking.
1 convergent, inductive
2 convergent, deductive
3 convergent, divergent
4 divergent, convergent

Answer:divergent, convergent
2 Choose the correct formula to measure Body Mass Index (BMI).
1 Weight in kg squared/height in meters
2 Weight in kg squared/Height in meters squrared
3 Weight in kg/height in meters
4 Weight in kg/height in meters squared

Answer:Weight in kg/height in meters squared
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3 In which lobe of the cerebral cortex, the primary olfactory cortex lies ?
1 Frontal lobe
2 Temporal lobe
3 Occipital lobe
4 Parietal lobe

Answer:Temporal lobe
4 “Factor Analysis is used as a means of confirming a structured model than as a means of discovering a structural model”. This is true of which theory of intelligence ?
1 Spearman
2 Thurstone
3 Jensen
4 Guilford

Answer:Guilford
5 A supervisor, who was asked to rate his subordinates on the basis of his observations, found an employee who did not take a medical leave in that year. On the basis of this observation, the supervisor rated the employee as ‘medically fit’, ‘highly efficient’ and ‘meticulous’. This is an example of :
1 lineancy error
2 constant error
3 tendency to give extreme rating
4 halo effect

Answer:halo effect
6 Among the laws of perceptual grouping, the law of simplicity is a tendency to :
1 perceive simple patterns in terms of complex shapes
2 perceive complex patterns in terms of simpler shapes
3 perceive simpler shapes only
4 perceive complex shapes only

Answer:perceive complex patterns in terms of simpler shapes
7 What is the role of positive and negative reinforcement ?
1 To increase the likelihood that responses preceding both will be repeated.
2 To decrease the likelihood that responses preceding negative reinforcement will be repeated.
3 To increase the likelihood that responses preceding only positive reinforcement will be repeated.
4 To ensure that there are no negative consequences following the behaviour.

Answer:To increase the likelihood that responses preceding both will be repeated.
8 While forming a concept one chooses to take one hypothesis and selects many of its features to quickly form the concept at once :
1 Successive scanning
2 Conservative focusing
3 Focus gambling
4 Simultaneous scanning

Answer:Focus gambling
9 Read the statement and choose the correct answer out of given options :

“If one hand is placed in a container of hot water and other in cold water. Then both hands are placed in a container of lukewarm water.” Most people experience :<\h4>

1 The hand initially placed in hot water feels the lukewarm water as cool whereas hand initially placed in cold water feels it as hot.
2 The hand initially placed in hot water feels the lukewarm water as hot whereas hand initially placed in cold water feels it as cold.
3 Both the hands will have feeling of equal hotness but more than temperature of lukewarm water.
4 Both the hands will have feeling of equal coldness lower than temperature of lukewarm water.

Answer:The hand initially placed in hot water feels the lukewarm water as cool whereas hand initially placed in cold water feels it as hot.
10 An accused is harassed and tortured until he confesses to the crime is an example of :
1 Negative reinforcement
2 Punishment
3 Primary reinforcement
4 Secondary reinforcement

Answer:Negative reinforcement
11 What is the correct sequence an auditory stimulus takes to reach the primary auditory cortex ?
1 Cochlear nuclei - Superior olive - Inferior colliculus - Medial geniculate nucleus
2 Cochlear nuclei - Inferior colliculus - Superior olive - Medial geniculate nucleus
3 Superior olive - Cochlear nuclei - Inferior colliculus - Medial geniculate nucleus
4 Medial geniculate nucleus - Inferior colliculus - Superior olive - Cochlear nucleus

Answer:Cochlear nuclei - Superior olive - Inferior colliculus - Medial geniculate nucleus
12 The factors that influence social behaviour and thoughts in certain ways are called :
1 Independent variables
2 Confounding variables
3 Dependent variables
4 Mediating variables

Answer:Mediating variables
13 Research shows that the following does not contribute to teacher effectiveness :
1 Communication skills
2 Use of ICT
3 Years of experience
4 Use of student feedback

Answer:Years of experience
14 Phonemic restoration as we perceive speech in a noisy party is an example of :
1 Top down processing
2 Bottom up processing
3 Subliminal perception
4 Supraliminal perception

Answer:Top down processing
15 Feeling touchy or hypersensitive following an upsetting experience is a form of :
1 Imprinting
2 Habituation
3 Sensitization
4 Reflexive Behaviour

Answer:Sensitization

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