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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 30

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Questions
1 During Resting Potential, cell membrane is

1. Almost permeable to Sodium

2. Almost permeable to Potassium

3. Almost impermeable to Sodium

4. Almost impermeable to Potassium

1 1 and 4
2 2 and 3
3 1 and 2
4 3 and 4

Answer:2 and 3
2 Read each of the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Females score higher than males with respect to verbal activities, while males tend to score higher on visual-spatial abilities.

Reason (R) : Gender differences in different abilities are due to interplay of heredity and environment.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
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3 Mental grouping of similar objects, events or people is called
1 Cognition
2 Concept
3 Prototype
4 Thinking

Answer:Concept
4 Read each of the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : A neuron without an Axon cannot transmit information even to other neurons immediately adjacent to it.

Reason (R) : Dendrite receives information from other neurons and Axons transmit it forward.

Codes

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is false, but (R) is true.
5 A form of conditioning in which the onset of the Conditioned Stimulus (CS) precedes the onset of the Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS ) and the presentation of CS and UCS does not overlap is termed as
1 Backward conditioning
2 Delayed conditioning
3 Trace conditioning
4 Simultaneous conditioning

Answer:Trace conditioning
6 Read each of the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Shaping and Chaining can be used to establish any form of behaviour in any organism.

Reason (R) : ‘Instinctive drift’ is a tendency to return to the type of behaviour the organism displays under natural conditions.

Codes :

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is false, but (R) is true.
7 Major connections in the visual system of the brain are

1. Optic Chiasm

2. Lateral geniculate nucleus of thalamus

3. Medial geniculate nucleus

4. Superior colliculus

5. Inferior colliculus

Codes

1 1, 2 and 4
2 1, 3 and 4
3 1, 2 and 5
4 2, 3 and 4

Answer:1, 2 and 4
8 Ceci’s Bioecological theory proposes that there are ______ rather than a single underlying ______ intelligence.
1 multiple cognitive potentials, general.
2 metacomponents; perceptual.
3 performance components, heritable.
4 knowledge components, environmental.

Answer: multiple cognitive potentials, general.
9 According to ethological theory, species-specific behaviour has following characteristics :

1. Fixed-action pattern

2. Instinctive

3. Unlearned

4. Innate

Codes:

1 1, 3 and 4
2 2, 3 and 4
3 1, 2 and 3
4 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer:1, 2, 3 and 4
10 Read the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Operant conditioning emphasized the study of overt, observable behaviour, environmental conditions and the processes which determine behaviour.

Reason (R) : Operant conditioning deals with the function of behaviour rather than the structure of personality. It is deterministic theory in which there is no free will.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
11 Which of the following statements are true about the EPQ-R (Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire) and the NEO-PI-R (Revised NEO Personality Inventory) ?

1. Both the tests measure Openness to Experience.

2. The Psychoticism scale of the EPQ-R correlates negatively with the Agreeableness and the Conscientiousness scales of the NEO-PI-R.

3. EPQ-R has a Lie scale; NEO-PI-R does not have a Lie Scale.

4. Extraversion and Neuroticism scales of the EPQ-R positively correlate with the corresponding NEO-PI-R scales.

Codes:

1 1 and 2 only
2 2 and 4 only
3 3 and 4 only
4 2, 3 and 4 only

Answer:2, 3 and 4 only
12 Mr. A goes out one frosty morning and finds that his car is covered with a thick layer of frost. He needs to get to work and looks for his ice scraper. Unable to find it, he thinks a moment, goes into the house, and returns with a hard plastic spatula from the kitchen. In using the spatula as a make shift ice scraper Mr. A has overcome
1 Confirmation fixedness
2 Confirmation bias
3 Creativity bias
4 Functional fixedness

Answer:Functional fixedness
13 Read each of the following two statements : Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Radiant energy is propagated in a continuous wave form, which can be described by its wavelength.

Reason (R) : Radiant energy also behaves as if it is emitted as discrete quanta of energy.

Codes

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, and (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
14 Byrne believed sexual motivation results from the inter-play of _______, environment and ______.
1 genes; experience
2 genes; imagination
3 physiology; imagination
4 physiology; lust

Answer:physiology; imagination
15 Read each of the following two statements : Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Lagarus believes our cognitive appraisal of a situation always precedes emotion.

Reason (R) : Emotions influence thinking.

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

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