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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 31

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Questions
1 Among the following descriptions of major defense mechanisms, which one describes ‘projection’ ?
1 Assigning logical or socially desirable motives to that we do.
2 Directing a motive that cannot be gratified in one form into another channel.
3 Denying that an unpleasant reality exists.
4 Assigning our own undesirable qualities to others.

Answer:Assigning our own undesirable qualities to others.
2 Engram involves many physical changes. They are

1. Change in number of receptor sites.

2. Change in the transmission system.

3. Changes in the sensitivity of the synapse through repeated stimulation.

4. Changes in the dendrites.

5. Changes in the neuron structure

Codes:

1 1, 3 and 4
2 3 and 5
3 1, 2 and 4
4 2 and 4

Answer:1, 3 and 4
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3 Read each of the following two statements : Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Freud’s theory holds that many behaviours are caused by unconscious motivation. Personality is determined by biological drives of sex and aggression.

Reason (R) : Personality differences results from variations in learning experiences. (A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
4 Which of the following are the physiological reactions to stress ?

1. Decrease in metabolic rate.

2. Dilation of Pupils

3. Lower Blood Pressure

4. Increased heart rate

Codes

1 2 and 4
2 1, 2 and 4
3 1, 3 and 4
4 2, 3 and 4

Answer:1, 2 and 4
5 According to Albert Bandura any behaviour produces two sets of consequences. They are

1. Inhibition

2. Self-evaluation

3. External outcomes

4. Habit

1 1 and 2
2 3 and 4
3 2 and 3
4 1 and 4

Answer:2 and 3
6 The degree to which one can control an event _______ the stress and inability to predict the occurrence of an event usually ______ the stress.
1 increases, increases
2 increases, decreases
3 decreases, increases
4 decreases, decreases

Answer:decreases, increases
7 Read each of the following two statements Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion(A) : People with external locus of control are prone to learned helplessness.

Reason (R) : People with internal locus of control believe that intelligence is changeable and they work at developing new strategies.

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
8 According to problem space theory, a problem solver generally operates through three states; ______, the goal state and all possible ______.
1 Pre state; final state.
2 First state; outcome state
3 Initial state; outcome state
4 Initial state; intermediate state

Answer:Initial state; outcome state
9 According to self-determination theory of motivation given by Ryan and Deci, the three inborn and universal needs are
1 Autonomy, Symmetry and Competence.
2 Symmetry, Competence and Relatedness.
3 Autonomy, Competence and Relatedness.
4 Competence Relatedness and Order.

Answer:Autonomy, Competence and Relatedness.
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10 Physiological psychologists distinguish between ______ thirst and ______ thirst which result from an increase in the concentration of solutes and low blood pressure respectively.
1 Osmotic, Hypovolumic
2 Osmotic, Hypervolumic
3 Hypovolumic, Osmotic
4 Hypervolumic Osmotic

Answer:Osmotic, Hypovolumic
11 Sternberg’s Triarchic theory identifies _______ types of components; _____ are used to plan, control and monitor in problem solving.
1 Three, Meta components
2 Four, Performance
3 Problem solving, Knowledge
4 Several, Acquisition components

Answer:Three, Meta components
12 Read each of the following two statements-Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Environments that influence educational and cultural opportunities enhance crystallized intelligence.

Reason (R) : Crystallized intelligence is developed through stimulating fluid intelligence.

Codes

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
13 Read each of the following two statements Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion(A): We use mental short-cuts to solve problems.

Reason (R): Problem solving includes thinking.

Codes

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
14 Which of the following are the characteristics of NREM sleep ?

1. Decrease in heart rate.

2. Increase in breathing rate.

3. Muscles are relaxed.

4. Increase in Brain’s metabolic rate.

Codes

1 1 and 3 are correct.
2 1 and 4 are correct.
3 2 and 3 are correct.
4 2, 3 and 4 are correct.

Answer:1 and 3 are correct.
15 The 30 × 30 correlation matrix, representing the correlation among the thirty facet scales of the NEO-PI-3 were factor analyzed by three methods :

1. Principal components method

2. Maximum likelihood method

3. Principal axes method and the five factors were extracted in each case. Usually the variance explained by the factor solution would be in the following ascending order.

1 2, 3, 1
2 1, 3, 2
3 2, 1, 3
4 3, 2, 1

Answer:2, 3, 1

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