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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 32

Questions
1 Pituitary gland is called master gland because
1 Hormones secreted by Posterior Pituitary regulate the activities of other glands.
2 Hormones secreted by Anterior Pituitary regulate the activities of other glands.
3 Hormones secreted by both Posterior and Anterior Pituitary regulate the activities of other glands.
4 It is located in the Central Nervous System.

Answer:Hormones secreted by Anterior Pituitary regulate the activities of other glands.
2 A study employed two groups, matched on intelligence, each group with 30 subjects. Each subject was required to learn a list of CVC trigrams and the number of trials required to learn the list was the dependent variable. What would be the degrees of freedom if a suitable t test is used to evaluate the mean difference ?

Codes:

1 29
2 30
3 58
4 60

Answer:29
3 _______ states that allocating ______ rewards for behaviours previously ______ rewarded decreases level of motivation.
1 Two factor theory; extrinsic; not
2 Theory X; monetary; intrinsically
3 Cognitive evaluation theory; extrinsic; intrinsically
4 Theory Y; financial; selectively

Answer:Cognitive evaluation theory; extrinsic; intrinsically
4 Read each of the following two statements : Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : The orbital frontal cortex and the basal ganglia, especially the caudate nucleus, are the brain structures most often implicated in obsessive compulsive disorder.

Reason (R) : Reduced metabolic activity has been found in both the orbital frontal cortex and the caudate nucleus in people with obsessive compulsive disorder.

Codes

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
5 A 17 year old woman has been binging on large quantities of food, above and beyond, what most people would eat under similar circumstances. She then engages in purging behaviour as often as 3 or 4 times a week. She feels she has no control over it. The results of her physical examination are normal and she is of normal weight.

She is most likely suffering from

1 Anorexia nervosa
2 Bulimia nervosa
3 Binge-eating disorder
4 Eating disorder not otherwise specified

Answer:Bulimia nervosa
6 Which of the following are characteristics of Charismatic leaders ?

1. Vision and Articulation

2. Risk taking behaviour

3. Volatile moods

4. Sensitivity to followers’ needs

Codes:

1 2, 3 & 4
2 1, 2 & 4
3 1, 3 & 4
4 1 & 4

Answer:1, 2 & 4
7 What would be the degrees of freedom for the second-order interaction effect in a 3 × 3 × 2 factorial design ?
1 2
2 4
3 9
4 18

Answer:4
8 Which of the following are features of Borderline Personality Disorder ?

1. Affective instability

2. Lack of remorse

3. Impulsivity

4. Self-mutilation

5. Over concern with order and rules.

Codes:

1 1, 2 and 3
2 1, 3 and 4
3 1, 2, 4 and 5
4 2, 3, 4 and 5

Answer:1, 3 and 4
9 Read the following two statements : Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : A major function of the perceptual system is to keep the appearance of objects the same inspite of change in the stimuli.

Reason (R) : The posterior brain system selects objects on the basis of location, shape or colour and the anterior system is responsible for guiding the process.

Codes

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
10 Social Psychology focuses on ______ and their _______.
1 Individuals; feelings
2 Groups; experiences
3 People; feelings
4 People; thoughts

Answer:People; thoughts
11 Arrange the following stages of Friendship in the order given by Selman :

I. Two-way fair-weather cooperation.

II. Momentary playmateship.

III. Autonomous interdependence.

V. One-way assistance.

Codes

1 II, IV, V, III, I
2 I, III, V, IV, II
3 II, V, I, IV, III
4 V, I, IV, III, II

Answer: II, V, I, IV, III
12 Memory problem that people with dementia, including Alzheimer’s, typically have is called :
1 Psychogenic amnesia
2 Reterograde amnesia
3 Reteroactive amnesia
4 Anterograde amnesia

Answer:Anterograde amnesia
13 Problem solving comprise of different stages which refer to the sequence of
1 Preparation; illumination; incubation; verification.
2 Incubation; preparation; illumination; verification.
3 Preparation, incubation; illumination, verification.
4 Preparation, incubation, verification, illumination.

Answer:Preparation, incubation; illumination, verification.
14 Which one of the following theories predicts that work motivation will be low if employee perceives that increased effort will have little or no effect on his/her performance ?

Codes

1 Just World Theory
2 Need-Drive Theory
3 Expectancy Theory
4 Normative Theory

Answer:Expectancy Theory
15 In which of Piaget’s stages of development would a child be when he has just developed object permanence ?
1 Sensorimotor
2 Pre-operational
3 Concrete operational
4 Formal operational.

Answer:Sensorimotor

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