Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 34

Questions
1 Salient features of classical conditioning are

1. Responses are voluntary.

2. Based on principle of association by contiguity.

3. Antecedent stimuli are important in forming association.

4. Goal is to increase the rate of an already occurring response.

5. Goal is to create a new response to stimulus.

codes

1 2, 3 and 5
2 1, 3 and 4
3 2, 3, 4 and 5
4 1, 3, 4 and 5

Answer:2, 3 and 5
2 In which part of the brain does classical conditioning take place ?
1 Reticular formation
2 Amygdala
3 Cerebellum
4 Hypothalamus

Answer:Cerebellum
3 Read each of the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Conditioning fails to occur when unconditioned stimulus and conditioned stimulus are paired in a random order.

Reason (R) : Cognitive processes involving expectation play an important role in classical conditioning

Codes

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
4 Arrange the following in order of sequence of career planning and decision making :

1. Educational awareness

2. Career exploration

3. Self-awareness

4. Career awareness

Codes:

1 3, 4, 1 and 2
2 3, 1, 4 and 2
3 1, 3, 2 and 4
4 2, 4, 1 and 3

Answer:3, 1, 4 and 2
5 According to Tolman, the three parts of learning that work together as Gestalt are

1. Significant

2. Habit strength

3. Sign

4. Means-end-relationship

5. Drive strength

Codes:

1 2, 3 and 5
2 3, 4 and 5
3 1, 2 and 3
4 1, 3 and 4

Answer:1, 3 and 4
6 Which one of the following is not a correct way of stimulating creative thinking ?
1 Brainstorming
2 Keep a diary
3 Mind mapping
4 Offering money

Answer:Offering money
7 Short term memories are stored in which part of the brain ?
1 Cerebellum
2 Amygdala
3 Hippocampus
4 Prefrontal cortex

Answer:Prefrontal cortex
8 A readiness to make a particular perceptual response or class of responses to particular organizations of stimuli is called
1 Perceptual vigilance
2 Perceptual constancy
3 Perceptual set
4 Perceptual style

Answer:Perceptual set
9 In a 2 × 2 factorial design, with A and B as the two IVs, the F ratio ‘MSA statistically significant. It implies that
1 there is cross-over interaction.
2 there is disordinal interaction.
3 there is either cross-over or disordinal interaction.
4 there are both disordinal and cross-over interactions.

Answer: there is either cross-over or disordinal interaction.
10 Read each of the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Inaccuracy among eye-witness occurs with the passage of time between witnessing an event and testifying about what was seen and heard.

Reason (R) : Witnesses are always exposed to misleading postevent information from police, news stories and statements made by others.

Codes

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
11 From among the following who theorized mostly on the concept of ‘achievement motivation’ ?
1 Rogers, C.R.
2 Julian Rotter
3 David McClelland
4 Frankl, V.E.

Answer:David McClelland
12 Concepts that closely matches the defining characteristics of a concept are known as
1 Formal concepts
2 Natural concepts
3 Prototype
4 Subordinate concepts

Answer:Prototype
13 Autonomic Nervous System is concerned________.

I. Smooth muscles

II. Skeletal muscles

III. Cardiac muscles

IV. Glands

Codes:

1 I and II
2 I, II, III
3 I, III, IV
4 I, II, III, IV

Answer:I, II, III, IV
14 What would be the total number of pairs in a study scaling the twelve attitude items by the method of paired comparison ?
1 132
2 72
3 66
4 60

Answer:66
15 Which set of processes is involved in storing of information memory ?

1. Chunking

2. Long term potentiation

3. Consolidation

4. Monitoring

Codes:

1 2 and 3
2 1, 2 and 4
3 3 and 4
4 1, 3 and 4

Answer:2 and 3

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