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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 36

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Questions
1 Which of the following cells do produce myelin in the Central Nervous System ?
1 Schwann cells
2 Astrocytes
3 Microglia
4 Oligodendrocytes

Answer:Oligodendrocytes
2 After the general election in a country, a social psychologist interviewed 200 voters to study their attitudes towards the winning party.This is an example of
1 Field experiment
2 Attitude change experiment
3 Correlational study
4 Ex post-facto research

Answer:Ex post-facto research
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3 Constructive Alternativism refers to :
1 A person’s mental processes are psychologically channelised by the ways in which heanticipates events.
2 All present interpretations of the universe are subject to revision or replacement.
3 It is a category of thought by which the individual construes or interprets his personal world of experience.
4 It is a process by which a person predicts and controls personal experiences by construing their replications.

Answer:All present interpretations of the universe are subject to revision or replacement.
4 Which of the following is not a consequence of Spearman’s theory ?
1 The correlation between different measures of intelligence will be positive.
2 The correlation between two measures of intelligence will be equal to r1g × r2g, where 1 and 2 represent the two different measures and g represents general factor.
3 The correlation between two measures of intelligence will be equal to r1g + r2g, where 1 and 2 represent the two different measures and g represents general factor.
4 The law of tetrad difference will hold for four measures of intelligence

Answer:The correlation between two measures of intelligence will be equal to r1g + r2g, where 1 and 2 represent the two different measures and g represents general factor.
5 A test involves presenting a pair of words like FATHER-DAUGHTER and the subject is required to list as many ways in which the pair is related. In this measure which of the abilities are given by Guilford ?
1 Divergent production of symbolic relations.
2 Divergent production of semantic relations.
3 Convergent production of symbolic relations.
4 Divergent production of semantic systems.

Answer:Divergent production of semantic relations.
6 After several visits to the doctor for chemotherapy, Anita finds that she begins to feel nauseous just sitting in the waiting room. According to classical conditioning, Anita’s feeling of nausea in the absence of chemotherapy is
1 an unconditioned stimulus
2 an unconditioned response
3 a conditioned stimulus
4 a conditioned response

Answer:a conditioned response
7 Which of the following do not belong to laws of perceptual grouping ?

I. Law of figure and ground

II. Law of good continuation

III. Law of common fate

IV. Law of closure

V. Law of proximity

Codes:

1 I and V
2 II and IV
3 III and V
4 I and III

Answer:I and III
8 What is an Ipsative test ?
1 For an individual examinee, the high scores on some sub-scales are accompanied by low scores on other sub-scales.
2 A test that measures one or more clearly defined but relatively heterogeneous segments of ability.
3 A test in which the average of the sub-scales is always the same for every examinee.
4 A test which gives an estimate of how much of the total variance in a given trait is due to genuine factors.

Answer:A test in which the average of the sub-scales is always the same for every examinee.
9 The process of expanding our level of awareness and allowing us to observe ourselves engaged in the problem-solving process is termed as :
1 Representativeness Heuristic
2 Algorithm
3 Anchoring – and – Adjustment Heuristic
4 Metacognitive Processing

Answer: Metacognitive Processing
10 A network of associated facts and concepts that make out general knowledge of the world is referred to as
1 Episodic memory
2 Explicit memory
3 Implicit memory
4 Semantic memory

Answer:Semantic memory
11 Phi phenomena is the principle behind :
1 illusion of brightness
2 illusion of distance
3 illusion of size
4 illusion of movement

Answer:illusion of movement
12 Using the multiaxial system of DSM-IV-TR paranoid personality disorder and borderline personality disorder would be coded on
1 Axis I
2 Axis II
3 Axis III
4 Axis IV

Answer:Axis II
13 The concept of ‘creative intelligence’ was given by
1 Gardner
2 Guilford
3 Torrance
4 Sternberg

Answer:Sternberg
14 People who do well on embedded-figure tests are characterized to have________ perceptual cognitive style.
1 Constricted
2 Flexible
3 Field-independent
4 Field-dependent

Answer:Field-independent
15 An experimenter wishes to chemically stimulate the brain area of the animal by two substances, what are the choices among the following ?
1 I and III
2 II and IV
3 III and IV
4 I and II

Answer:II and IV

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