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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 42

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Questions
1 Explicit or Declarative memory consist of which of the following types of memories ?

1. Procedural memory

2. Episodic memory

3. Semantic memory

4. Autobiographical memory

1 1 and 2
2 2 and 4
3 2, 3 and 4
4 1, 2 and 4

Answer:2, 3 and 4
2 Given below are the two statements, the first labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : We can process information very quickly and perform complex tasks quickly and accurately.

Reason (R) : Brain processes information in a serial fashion.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
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3 Which of the following parts of the brain are related to the recognition of the facial expression of emotions ? Choose the correct code.

Codes:

1 1 and 2
2 2 and 3
3 2 and 4
4 1, 2 and 3

Answer:2 and 3
4 Which of the following is most appropriate for the assessment of Self-Actualization ?
1 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
2 Personal Orientation Inventory
3 Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory
4 Edwards Personal Preference Scale

Answer:Personal Orientation Inventory
5 There is a gradual acceleration of responses just before the provision of reinforcement in a fixed interval schedule. This acceleration is referred to as
1 The Fixed – Interval Gradient
2 The Fixed – Interval Variant
3 The Fixed – Interval Caper
4 The Fixed – Interval Scallop

Answer:The Fixed – Interval Scallop
6 When the individual attributes failure to the beliefs that everyone would fail in solving the problem and that the failure results from external causes, the state is described as
1 Personal helplessness
2 Hopelessness
3 Learned optimism
4 Universal helplessness

Answer:Universal helplessness
7 Read the following two statements Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below : Assertion (A) : Our facial expressions influence our emotional experience. Reason (R) : We can exert complete voluntary control over our facial muscles during emotional expressions.
1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of(A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is true, but (R) is false.
8 The mental representation of what one wants to say comprises the
1 Surface – phrase structure
2 Central phrase structure
3 Primary – Phrase structure
4 Deep – Phrase structure

Answer:Deep – Phrase structure
9 The law of Pragnanz or law of good figure refers to
1 Tendency to read an ambiguousstimulusin accordance with an expectation.
2 Viewing under suboptimal conditions such as an object is shaded or overlapped.
3 The tendency to perceive the simplest and most stable figure of all possible perceptual alternatives.
4 The ability to recognise and identify common objects.

Answer:The tendency to perceive the simplest and most stable figure of all possible perceptual alternatives.
10 What behaviour can be emitted is basically
1 a psychotherapist determined phenomenon
2 a reward determined capacity
3 a species-typical capacity
4 a procedure determined phenomenon

Answer:a species-typical capacity
11 Memory can be distorted by being influenced by the individual’s expectations rather than what has actually happened. This is termed as
1 Mood dependent memory
2 Mood congruence effect
3 Flash bulb memory
4 Confirmation bias

Answer:Confirmation bias
12 Read each of the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below : Assertion (A) : Psychometric and cognitive (Information Processing) approaches to study intelligence are complimentary to each other. Reason (R) : Psychometric theories deal with intelligence primarily in its structural aspects, cognitive theories deal with it primarily in its processing aspects.
1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
13 Which one of the following is a cause of permanent lesion ?
1 Cryogenic Blockade
2 Radio-Frequency
3 Electrical stimulation
4 Transcranialmagnetic stimulation

Answer:Electrical stimulation
14 Some Psychologist stated that the relationship between intelligence and creativity is not the same throughout the range of intelligence (I.Q). Which out of following is appropriate explanation of the relationship between these at different levels of I.Q.
1 Below that critical level of I.Q. the relationship is negative and above that it is positive.
2 Below that critical level of I.Q. it is zero and above that it is positive.
3 Below that critical level of I.Q. the relationship is positive and above that it is negative.
4 Below that critical level of I.Q. the relationship is positive and above that level zero relationship.

Answer:Below that critical level of I.Q. the relationship is positive and above that level zero relationship.
15 Which of the following pairs is not the negative symptom of Schizophrenia ?
1 Emotional flattening and Asociality
2 Anhedonia and Amotivation
3 Poverty of speech and Apathy
4 Hallucinations and Bizarre behaviour

Answer:Hallucinations and Bizarre behaviour

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