Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 46

Questions
1 The Chess Master selects his next move by considering moves that would threaten his opponent’s queen. His opponent, a chess-playing computer selects its next move by considering all possible moves. The chess master is using _____ and the computer is using _____.
1 Algorithm ; heuristic
2 Prototype ; mental set
3 Mental set ; prototype
4 Heuristic ; algorithm

Answer:Heuristic ; algorithm
2 Which of the following scale/s is/are found in Eysenck’s EPQ but not in Costa and McCrae’s NEO-PI-R ?

1. Agreeableness

2. Extraversion

3. Psychoticism

4. Lie

1 3 only
2 1 and 2 only
3 2 and 3 only
4 3 and 4 only

Answer:3 and 4 only
3 Which of the following is not scored for ‘Determinants’ in Rorschach Ink Blot Test ?
1 Space
2 Form (Negative)
3 Inanimate Movement
4 Human Movement

Answer:Space
4 Archetype is :
1 Definite mythological image or motif.
2 Approximatemythological image or motif.
3 Tendency to form mythological image or motif that are fixed.
4 Tendency to form mythological image or motif that vary in great detail without losing their basic pattern.

Answer:Tendency to form mythological image or motif that vary in great detail without losing their basic pattern.
5 Read each of the following two statements, Assertion (A) and Reason (R). And indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : In Scandinavian countries, parents do not beat children.

Reason (R) : Scandinavian countries have outlawed physical punishment by parents.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
6 Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Long term memory system allows us to retain vast amounts of information for very long periods of time.

Reason (R) : Only information subjected to elaborative rehearsal or deep processing is transferred to long term memory.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R)is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
7 Read each of the following two statements, Assertion (A) and Reason (R).And indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : In the later part of his life Spearman observed that in a certain set of tests each test correlates higher with other tests within the set but lower with tests in other such sets.

Reason (R) : This may be because of “group factors” which are of moderate degree of generality.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
8 Mr. A, a shoe salesman, is paid every week whereas Mr. B, receives a commission for each pair of shoes he sells. Evidently Mr. A is paid on a _____ schedule of reinforcement, while Mr. B is paid on _____schedule of reinforcement.
1 Fixed ratio ; fixed interval.
2 Fixed interval ; fixed ratio.
3 Variable-interval ; variable ratio.
4 Variable ratio ; variable interval.

Answer:Fixed interval ; fixed ratio.
9 Multiple components model of working memory, proposed by Baddeley, consists of which of the following components ?
1 Phenomenological field, central executive, sketch pad
2 Phonological loop, central executive, Visuospatial sketch pad
3 Phonological loop, central executive, retrieval cues
4 Visuospatial sketch pad, procedural memory field, episodic information

Answer:Phonological loop, central executive, Visuospatial sketch pad
10 Three A’s – Achievement, Affiliation and Aggression are reflected in
1 Emotion
2 Motivation
3 Ambition
4 Expectation

Answer:Motivation
11 A fifth test was,added to an established selection test battery of four tests. The old and new versions were correlated to an external criterion of job proficiency. The significant change in R2 was noted. This provided an evidence for
1 internal consistency of the fifth test with the earlier four tests.
2 construct validity of the fifth test.
3 reliability of the selection test battery of five tests
4 incremental validity of the fifth test.

Answer:incremental validity of the fifth test.
12 Which of the following scaling method/s has/have been proposed by L.L. Thurstone ?

1. Cumulative scale

2. Paired comparison method

3. Scale discrimination technique

4. Equal appearing intervals

Codes:

1 2 only
2 2 and 3 only
3 2 and 4 only
4 1, 2 and 4 only

Answer:2 and 4 only
13 The kind of brain cells involved in observational learning are known as
1 Glial cells
2 Myelin sheath
3 Mirror Neuron
4 Golgi body

Answer:Mirror Neuron
14 Given below are two statements :

Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Indicate your answer with the help of codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Memory for autobiographical information and for life experiences is called autobiographical memory.

Reason (R) : It relates to the knowledge about where and when one is born, his/her educational history and places one lived in.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
15 Neural network model of memory uggests the following :

1. Interconnectedness of neural units.

2. Information is processed quickly.

3. Information in memory is not located in specific parts of brain.

Codes:

1 1 and 2
2 1 and 3
3 2 and 3
4 1, 2 and 3

Answer:1, 2 and 3

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