Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 49

Questions
1 Which is the most basic and common obstacle to problem solving ?
1 Confirmation bias
2 Fixation
3 Functional fixedness
4 Mental set

Answer:Fixation
2 The child who says “Milk gone” is engaging in ________. This type of utterance demonstrates that children are actively experimenting with rules of ________.
1 Babbling; syntax
2 Telegraphic speech; syntax
3 Babbling ; semantics
4 Telegraphic speech; semantics

Answer:Telegraphic speech; syntax
3 Problem solving comprises of four stages. Choose the correct sequence of stages
1 Incubation, preparation, verification, illumination
2 Preparation, incubation, illumination, verification
3 Incubation, preparation, illumination, verification
4 Preparation, illumination, incubation, verification

Answer:Preparation, incubation, illumination, verification
4 Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A) : Thinking about objects brings change in attitudes.

Reason (R) : Attitudes toward complex issues and objects are typically a mixture of positive and negative feelings.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
5 A subject is presented four non-sense syllabus one by one each for two seconds. After presentation of the four items, the subject is asked to count backward aloud by threes from some number for fifteen seconds and after that he/she is asked to recall the non-sense syllabus. What memory storage is being measured in this experiment ?
1 Sensory memory storage
2 Working memory storage
3 Short term memory storage
4 Long term memory storage

Answer:Short term memory storage
6 When the previously learned task affects the retention of task being currently acquired, the phenomenon is referred to as:
1 Retroactive interference
2 Proactive interference
3 Retroactive effect
4 Proactive effect

Answer:Proactive effect
7 Assertion (A) : Positive psychology draws its strength from humanistic psychology.

Reason (R) : Both humanistic and positive psychology believe in positive human qualities.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and(R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the explanation of (A).
8 The basic difference between classical conditioning and instrumental learning is of
1 Presentation of stimulus
2 Emitting of response
3 Temporal contiguity
4 Mechanism

Answer:Mechanism
9 Major criticisms of Thurston’s theory of intelligence are based on

I. Use of subjective measures

II. Restricted heterogeneity in sample

III. Method of factor analysis

1 I and II are correct.
2 I and III are correct.
3 II and III are correct.
4 I, II and III are correct.

Answer:II and III are correct.
10 Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Heritability of intelligence explains variations due to genetics for individuals within a given population.

Reason (R) : Earlier the children from deprived families were adopted, the higher their intelligence score will be.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R)
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
11 What is the correct sequence of ear parts given below ?
1 Eardrum – Hammer – Anvil –Stirrup – Oval window
2 Oval window – Hammer – Eardrum – Anvil – Stirrup
3 Eardrum – Anvil – Stirrup – Hammer – Oval window
4 Oval window – Anvil Hammer – Stirrup – Eardrum

Answer: Eardrum – Hammer – Anvil –Stirrup – Oval window
12 We can cope with stress by becoming aware of our irrational, upsetting thoughts and replacing them with rational, calming thoughts. This view represents.
1 Cognitive behavioural approach
2 Psychoanalytical approach
3 Socio-cultural approach
4 Bio-social approach

Answer:Cognitive behavioural approach
13 An instrumental response isconditioned only when organism interprets the reinforcement as being controlled by its response. This view is supported by
1 Tolman
2 Skinner
3 Seligman
4 Beck

Answer:Seligman
14 When a child gets two chocolates once every week for its performance in the class it is an instance of
1 Fixed ratio, variable interval
2 Fixed ratio, fixed interval
3 Variable ratio, fixed interval
4 Variable ratio, variable interval

Answer:Fixed ratio, fixed interval
15 In a study on ‘Career Aspirations of Students’, the respondents were required to state their career aspirations in about sixty words. This would be an example of
1 Fixed-alternative item
2 Scale item
3 Open-end item
4 Checklist item

Answer:Open-end item

View All Psychology Practice Test Sets