Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 54

Questions
1 Leaders who exert profound effects on their followers and who establish special types of relationships with their followers are usually considered as
1 Democratic leaders
2 Transformational leaders
3 Normative leaders
4 Consultative leaders

Answer:Transformational leaders
2 Assertion (A) : A person’s self concept is partly rooted in the feed-back of other people.

Reason (R) : The reactions of others are based on “looking-glass self” effect as an internalization of others reactions to self concept.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
3 Read each of the following two statements-Assertion(A) and Reason(R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below : Assertion (A) : The anticipatory anxiety that people develop about having another panic attack is thought to arise from activity in the hippocampus of the limbic system. Reason (R) : According to one theory, panic attacks arise from abnormal activity in the amygdala.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
4 Which of the following options is true regarding the relationship between thinking and language ?
1 Real thinking requires the use of language.
2 A thought that cannot be expressed in a particular language cannot occur to speakers of that language.
3 People sometimes think in images rather than in words.
4 A thought is never expressed in language.

Answer:People sometimes think in images rather than in words.
5 Which of the following models accepts that the more deeply information is processed, the more likely it is to be retained ?
1 Level of processing model
2 Retrieval cues model
3 Atkinson and Shiffrin model
4 Trace model

Answer:Level of processing model
6 Which of the following is the best description of Cattell’s Concept of Fluid Intelligence ?
1 One’s ability to reason speedily and abstractly and it tends to decrease with age in the range of 25-35 years.
2 One’s ability to reason speedily and abstractly and it tends to increase with age in the range of 25-35 years.
3 Specific mental abilities which are measured by every task in an intelligence test and increases with age in the range of 5-15 years.
4 Specific mental abilities which are measured by every task in an intelligence test and decrease with age in the range of 5-15 years.

Answer:One’s ability to reason speedily and abstractly and it tends to decrease with age in the range of 25-35 years.
7 Read the following two statements, Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Many amputees experience phantom limb syndrome where in they continue to feel their missing limbs after surgery.

Reason (R) : The image of one’s body’s boundaries continue to function even after parts of the body are removed.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
8 A person who excels in zeroing in on what information is crucial in a given situation and combining seemingly unrelated facts is high on

I. Componential

II. Experiential

III. Contextual

Codes:

1 I only
2 II only
3 I and III
4 II and III

Answer:II only
9 The pituitary gland is the master endocrine gland because
1 It produces the largest number of different hormones.
2 It controls the secretion of several other endocrine glands.
3 It is responsible for the functioning of the autonomic nerve system.
4 It controls the thinking and amount of body growth.

Answer:It controls the secretion of several other endocrine glands.
10 Hinduism and Buddhism differ regarding the existence of a
1 Social dimension of self
2 Physical dimension of self
3 Psychological dimension of self
4 Transcendental dimension of self

Answer:Transcendental dimension of self
11 In a recent version of the 16 PF (5th edition) the second-order factor analysis of 16 PF scales is reported yielding five second order factors. They are referred to as
1 Global Factors
2 Big Five
3 Five-Factor Model
4 Universal Personality Factors

Answer:Global Factors
12 Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : In a maze learning experiment rats who were reinforced from the beginning and those which were not reinforced until the eleventh day of the experiment, did not show any difference in learning and performance.

Reason (R) : It is possible for learning to remain dormant for a considerable length of time before it is manifested in behaviour.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of(A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of(A).
13 In an experiment the stimuli were presented to the subjects in certain order and after the presentation of stimuli their order was disturbed. In the test phase the subjects were needed to set them in the presented order. Which of the following methods was used in this experiment ?
1 Recognition
2 Relearning
3 Reconstruction
4 Recall

Answer:Reconstruction
14 Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : If your teacher embarrasses you for asking a question in class, it is less likely that you would ask questions in class in future.

Reason (R) : Negative reinforcement reduces the occurrence of a behaviour.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 (B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:(A) is true, but (R) is false.
15 What is the correct sequence of sympathetic and parasympathetic division given below ?
1 Thoracic – Sacral – Cranial –Cervical – Lumbar
2 Cranial – Lumbar – Thoracic –Cervical – Sacral
3 Sacral –Cervical– Thoracic – Cranial – Lumbar
4 Sacral – Cranial – Cervical –Thoracic – Lumbar

Answer:Sacral –Cervical– Thoracic – Cranial – Lumbar

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