Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 59

Questions
1 Given below are two statements : Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the following codes :

Assertion (A) : Encoding specificity states that a retrieval cue is successful only if it is present at the time of encoding.

Reason (R) : When participants are given category names as retrieval it enables the participant of the experiment to remember which were previously presented to them to remember.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
2 Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A), and the other labelled as Reason (R) :

Assertion (A) : Entrepreneurs prefer to take moderate risks, as a result of skill and not chance.

Reason (R) : Entrepreneurs usually have innovative ideas and they persistently work to implement those ideas.

In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct ?

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
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3 Building an environment of acceptance and appreciation of all students for supporting students’ motivation to learn is the objective of
1 Grouping
2 Evaluation
3 Recognition
4 Responsibility

Answer:Grouping
4 A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behaviour
1 Reinforcement
2 Punishment
3 Incentive
4 Learning

Answer:Reinforcement
5 The seat of emotion is to be found in the
1 Reticular formation
2 Hind brain
3 Limbic system
4 Fore brain

Answer:Limbic system
6 If a manager gives Kavita a positive appraisal on her first evaluation as an employee because he thought that she had been a ‘top-notch’ performer in her job interview, he may be making an error based on
1 halo effect
2 attributional errors
3 leniency error
4 self-serving bias

Answer:halo effect
7 The most common cause of severe intellectual and emotional impairment in older individuals is
1 Parkinson’s disease
2 Multiple sclerosis
3 Alzheimer’s disease
4 Senile psychosis

Answer:Alzheimer’s disease
8 Read each of the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Mansi wants to be superior, winning and being the best in any work she does.

Reason (R) : A personal intention to seem competent or perform well in the eyes of others.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
9 The research findings indicate that job satisfaction and performance usually have
1 weak negative correlation
2 no correlation
3 weak positive correlation
4 strong positive correlation

Answer:weak positive correlation
10 Which of the following is not a “critical situation” in the learning theory of personality development ?
1 Feeding
2 Sex Training
3 Language Training
4 Anger Training

Answer:Language Training
11 Feature Detector neurons consist of

1. Complex cells

2. Simple cells

3. Glial cells

4. Hyper complex cell

Codes:

1 1 and 2 only
2 2, 3 and 4 only
3 1, 2 and 4 only
4 3 and 4 only

Answer:1, 2 and 4 only
12 One of the Neo-Freudian psychologists combines the humanistic, existential and psychoanalytic perspectives in which of the following concepts ?
1 Personality Development
2 Positive Psychology
3 Theory of Love
4 None of these

Answer:Theory of Love
13 Difficulty in deployment of attention can occur in which of the following states :

1. Engagement

2. Distraction

3. Disengagement

4. Shifting

Codes:

1 1 and 3 only
2 1, 2 and 4 only
3 1, 3 and 4 only
4 2, 3 and 4 only

Answer:1, 3 and 4 only
14 Read the following two statements Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Thyroid over-secretion leads to a condition known as ‘Grave’s disease’

Reason (R) : Grave’s disease is characterised by accelerated metabolic processes.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (B) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (B) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
15 Which of the following emerges when self-control replaces parental-control ?
1 Ego
2 Super ego
3 Identity Achievement
4 Identity Diffusion

Answer:Super ego

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