Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams | Psychology Quiz Set 60

Questions
1 In a repeated measures ANOVA, with twenty subjects, each subject was tested under all three experimental conditions, the conditions X subjects variance (also used as an estimate of error variance) would be based on ______ degrees of freedom.
1 3
2 19
3 38
4 57

Answer:38
2 Arrange the following correlations in descending order in terms of the strength of relationship between the two variables :
1 4, 2, 3, 1
2 4, 1, 2, 3
3 1, 3, 2, 4
4 3, 2, 1, 4

Answer:3, 2, 1, 4
3 Hypnogogic images occur during drowsy state i.e. between ______ and ______, whereas hypnopompic images occur between _______ and _____.
1 waking, sleeping; waking, sleeping
2 sleeping, waking; waking, sleeping
3 waking, sleeping; sleeping, waking
4 sleeping, waking; sleeping, waking

Answer:sleeping, waking; waking, sleeping
4 Learning is knowledge acquisition through cognitive processing of information. Who among the following holds this view ?
1 Dollard and Miller
2 Edward Tolman
3 Albert Bandura
4 Michael Posner

Answer:Albert Bandura
5 The process of organic and intellectual self regulation is called
1 Equilibration
2 Equilibrium
3 Assimilation
4 Accommodation

Answer:Equilibration
6 Which of the following dimension/s given by Guilford in his structure of Intellect model explains the concept of creativity

(i) Operations

(ii) Contents

(iii) Products

1 (i) only
2 (ii) only
3 (i) and (ii)
4 (ii) and (iii)

Answer:(i) only
7 “Any activity can be a reinforcer if a contingency schedule constrains an animal’s access to that activity.” This is known as
1 Instinctual drift
2 Disequilibrium hypothesis
3 Premack Principle
4 Concurrent reinforcement schedule

Answer:Disequilibrium hypothesis
8 Token economy is a behaviour modification technique based on the following learning principles :

1. Discrimination learning

2. Contingency contracting

3. Positive reinforcement

4. Classical conditioning

1 1 and 3 only
2 2 and 4 only
3 2 and 3 only
4 3 and 4 only

Answer:2 and 3 only
9 Read each of the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : When asked about his religious beliefs, Ram expressed ‘I do not know. I just don’t see how there can be God and yet so much evil in the world’.

Reason (R) : Identity-foreclosed individuals have committed themselves to values and goals without exploring alternatives.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
10 Given below are two statements; one labelled as Assertion (A), and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Children have remarkable ability to create mental representations of the world in the form of language.

Reason (R) : Reasoning and problem solving are the ways of manipulating the ideas.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
11 Read each of the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Increased metabolic activity in frontal cortex and the caudate nucleus has been implicated in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

Reason (R) : Current evidence suggests that increased serotonin activity and increased sensitivity of some brain structures to serotonin are involved in Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation (A).
12 Read the following two statements Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Cattell used the term ‘Ergs’ to explain the source of motivation.

Reason (R) : Ergs were regarded by Cattell as static and secondary units of personality.

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
13 Age related changes in intelligence are best explained by
1 Cattell’s theory
2 Jensen’s theory
3 Sternberg’s theory
4 Guilford’s theory

Answer:Cattell’s theory
14 Read the following two statements Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Vigilance refers to a person attending to a field of stimulation over a prolonged period of time in which the person seeks to detect the appearance of a particular target stimulus.

Reason (R) : Signal Detection Theory suggests that detection of stimuli depends on their physical energy and on internal factors.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (B) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (B) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
15 Read the following two statements Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below :

Assertion (A) : Damage to the temporal lobe can result in psychological blindness.

Reason (R) : The temporal lobe forms and stores visual and verbal memory.

Codes:

1 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
2 Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
3 (A) is true, but (R) is false.
4 (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer:Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

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