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Russia: Borders and Resources– UPSC Daily Important Topic| 11 November 2022

Russia: Borders and Resources

✓Russia is bounded to the north and east by the Arctic and Pacific oceans, and it has small frontages in the northwest on the Baltic Sea at St. Petersburg and at the detached Russian oblast (region) of Kaliningrad (a part of what was once East Prussia annexed in 1945),which also abuts Poland and Lithuania. To the south Russia borders North Korea, China, Mongolia, and Kazhakstan, Azerbaijan and Georgia. To the south west and west it borders Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, and Estonia, as well as Finland and Norway.

✓Although the climate adds a layer of difficulty to daily life, the land is a generous source of crops and materials, including vast reserves of oil, gas, and precious metals.

✓ Russia is among the world’s leading producers of oil, extracting about one-fifth of the global total. It also is responsible for more than one-fourth of the world’s total natural gas output.

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