Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 18 November 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.
Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 18 November 2022
List of Chief Minister and Governor 2022
For students studying for competitive exams like SBI PO, SSC, banking, etc., the list of state-by-state chief ministers and governors is crucial. In The table below we have included all the states and their governor and chief ministers. We have also included the chief minister and governors of union territories. You may read more about the procedure for choosing the chief minister and governor of India, as well as their authority, in the article.
State Chief Minister and Governor 2022: Important Facts
1. The chief minister of Odisha, Naveen Patnaik has the longest incumbency from 5th March 2000.
2. The oldest chief minister in India is Zoramthanga, who serves as the Mizoram state’s chief minister.
3. The youngest chief minister in India is Pema Khandu, the chief minister of Arunachal Pradesh.
4. Twelve incumbents belong to Bhartiya Janta Party, two belong to Indian National Congress and two to Aam Aadmi Party.
States and Capitals of India 2022
|Andhra Pradesh||Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy||Biswabhushan Harichandan|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Pema Khandu||Brigadier B.D Mishra (retd)|
|Assam||Himanta Biswa Sarma||Jagdish Mukhi|
|Bihar||Nitish Kumar||Phagu Chauhan|
|Chhattisgarh||Bhupesh Bhagel||Anusuiya Uikey|
|Goa||Pramod Sawant||PS Sreedharan Pillai|
|Gujarat||Bhupendrabhai Patel||Acharaya Devvrat|
|Haryana||Manohar Lal Khattar||Bandaru Dattatreya|
|Himachal Pradesh||Jai Ram Thakur||Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar|
|Jharkhand||Hemant Soren||Ramesh Bais|
|Karnataka||Sri Basavaraj Bommai||Thawar Chand Gehlot|
|Kerala||Pinarayi Vijayan||Arif Mohammed Khan|
|Madhya Pradesh||Shivraj Singh Chouhan||Mangubhai Chaganbhai Patel|
|Maharastra||Eknath Shinde||Bhagat Singh Koshyari|
|Manipur||N. Biren Singh||Shri La. Ganesan|
|Meghalaya||Conrad Kongkal Sangma||Satya Pal Malik|
|Mizoram||Zoramthanga||Dr. Kambhampati Haribabu|
|Nagaland||Neiphiu Rio||Jagdish Mukhi|
|Odisha||Naveen Patnaik||Prof. Ganeshi Lal Mathur|
|Punjab||Bhagwant Singh Mann||Shri Banwarilal Purohit|
|Rajasthan||Ashok Gehlot||Kalraj Mishra|
|Sikkim||PS Golay||Ganga Prasad|
|Tamil Nadu||M.K Stalin||R.N. Ravi|
|Telangana||K.Chandrashekhar Rao||Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan|
|Tripura||Dr. Manik Saha||Satyadev Narayan Arya|
|Uttar Pradesh||Yogi Adityanath||Anandiben Patel|
|Uttarakhand||Shri Pushkar Singh Dhami||Gurmit Singh|
|West Bengal||Mamata Banerjee||Dr CV Ananda Bose|
Union Territory-wise Governor List
|Andaman & Nicobar||Shri. Devendra Kumar Joshi (Lieutenant Governor)||Port Blair|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||Shri Praful Patel (Administrator)||Daman|
|Delhi||Vinai Kumar Saxena||New Delhi|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Shri Manoj Sinha (Lieutenant Governor)||Srinagar|
|Lakshadweep||Shri Praful Patel (Administrator)||Kavaratti|
|Puducherry||Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan||Puducherry|
|Ladakh||Shri Radha Krishna Mathur (Lieutenant Governor)||Leh|
Selection and Powers of Governor in India
The governor in India is appointed by the president. The central government is responsible for the nomination of the government for each state. There is no indirect or direct election for the appointment of governor unlike the elections for president. The office of a governor is an independent constitutional office the governor doesn’t serve the union government.
The governor just needs to meet two requirements: first, he must be an Indian citizen, and second, he must be 35 or older. There are two conventions that the government follows to nominate a governor that is the person who is going to be appointed as the governor must not belong to the state, he shall be an outsider with having no relations with the state. The other one is the consultation of the chief minister is taken before the appointment of a governor by the president. He is the executive head of the state he is appointed to. All the executive actions that are performed in the state are in the name of the governor.
Selection and Powers of Chief Minister in India
There is no specific procedure for the selection and appointment of the chief minister of a state as per the constitution of India. The Government of a state appoints the chief minister, as stated in article 164. There are a few qualifications that a person needs to become a chief minister of India. The person must be a citizen of India, he must have completed 25 years of age, and must be a member of any house either the legislative assembly or the legislative council. A citizen of India who is not a member of the legislative assembly or legislative council has to get himself elected within 6 months from the date of their appointment, if the person fails the procedure, he would not be considered the chief minister.
The powers given to the chief minister are that he can allocate and reshuffle the portfolios among ministers, if the chief minister resigns the full cabinet has to resign with him, guides controls and direct activities of all the ministers, if there is any difference of opinion he can ask the minister to resign, he advises the government to appoint any person as a minister.
Indian Army celebrates 242nd Corps of Engineers Day on 18 November: The 242nd Corps of Engineers Day is observed by the Indian Army on November 18. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Chief of Defence Staff General Anil Chauhan and Chief of the Army Staff General Manoj Pande have conveyed their best wishes to all ranks of the Corps of Engineers on the occasion. On the occasion of Corps day, Engineer-in-Chief and Senior Colonel Commandant of the Corps of Engineers Lt Gen Harpal Singh has called upon the Corps to put in bigger efforts to be prepared for the future challenges and rededicate towards being a reliable, versatile and omnipresent arm of the Army.
What is Corps of Engineers in Indian Army?
- The Corps of Engineers provides combat engineering support, develops infrastructure for armed forces and other defence organisations and maintains connectivity along our vast borders besides providing succour to populace during natural disasters. Combat Engineers, Military Engineer Service, Border Road Organization, and Military Survey make up the Corps’ four pillars and are responsible for carrying out these missions.
- The Corps of Engineers has three groups, i.e. Madras Sappers, Bengal Sappers and Bombay Sappers which were amalgamated into the Corps on 18 Nov 1932. Since its inception, history is replete with colossal exemplary contributions of the Corps of Engineers both in war and peace.
Uttar Pradesh To Register Maximum Number of New Companies After Maharashtra Post Covid: UP has added the most number of new companies after Maharashtra since the outbreak of Covid-19, beating industrial hubs such as Delhi, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, data combined by the corporate affairs ministry (MCA) show.
What The Report Pointed:
After Delhi and Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh has the third-highest number of active companies. Uttar Pradesh is home to 1.08 lakh active companies as of September end while Maharashtra and Delhi have 3 lakh and 2.2 lakh active companies respectively.
With 1.04 lakh and 99,038 active companies, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are fourth and fifth, respectively.
UP has overtaken Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana in the post-pandemic stage. Uttar Pradesh added 30,000 companies in the past three years, which helped it emerge the third state in terms of number of active companies behind only Maharashtra and Delhi. On the other hand, Maharashtra continues to lead the pack after adding 60,000 new companies in the past three years. Maharashtra’s dominance comes largely from the fact that its capital, Mumbai is the financial capital of India and serves as a hub for several mid-size and big companies.
Govt of India to Abolish National Anti-profiteering Authority: National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) is all set to be subsumed into the Competition Commission of India (CCI), according to a report in Livemint.
What Has Been Said:
NAA’s investigation arm will continue to function in some form under CCI. The official said that the move will reduce the multiplicity of regulators as CCI can handle cases independently. The plan is to transfer cases to CCI after NAA’s term ends.
Why This Transfer:
NAA’s role is to make sure that the benefit of tax rate reduction reaches the consumer immediately. This has been the role of NAA primarily because the GST council has been rejigging the rates in the last five years. NAA has little to do when rates go up.
Authorities are still receiving several complaints about the early years of GST, saying that the benefit of the input tax credit has not been fully passed on to consumers. Sectors like eateries, cinemas, real estate, fast-moving consumer goods, etc. have come under the most intense scrutiny from NAA. In many cases, the regulator ordered the business to return the allegedly overcharged amounts to the consumer.
Section 171 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act of 2017 authorised the establishment of a National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA). The NAA was set up to monitor and to oversee whether the reduction or benefit of input tax credit is reaching the recipient by way of appropriate reduction in prices.
National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) is therefore primarily constituted by the central government to analyse whether input tax credits availed by any registered person or the reduction in the tax is passed onto the consumer and he/she is protected from random price increase for self-interests in the name of GST.
International Table Tennis Federation:
Star Indian paddler Achanta Sharath Kamal has become the first player from India to get elected in the Athletes’ Commission of the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF). Eight athletes including four male and four female, were elected from Asia, Africa, the Americas, Europe, and Oceania and will serve in the Athletes’ Commission for four years from 2022 to 2026. In a release issued by Table Tennis Federation of India, Sharath thanked the whole of Asia and all the voters for showering affection and faith on him. The online elections took place between 7 to 13 November 2022. 10 athletes were elected for the ITTF Athletes’ Commission for a four-year term from 2022 to 2026. Two para-athletes received the most votes out of the eight athletes elected from the continents of Asia, Africa, Europe, South America, North America, and Oceania.
Amongst all elected players Sharath Kamal got the second highest votes after 2012 table tennis World Cup silver medallist Elizabeta Samara of Romania. Sharath Kamal was also recently elected as the member of the Athletes’ Commission of the Indian Olympic Association (IOA). Sharath has already been selected for Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna Award, the country’s highest sports recognition this year. He also received the Padma Shri, India’s fourth-highest civilian honour, in 2019.
World Antimicrobial Awareness Week 2022: Every year, from November 18 to November 24, there is World Antimicrobial Awareness Week (WAAW). It’s an international initiative to increase awareness of the growing problem of resistance to antibiotics and other antimicrobial medicines. The objective of the week is to raise awareness of global antimicrobial resistance, encouraging best practices among the general public, health workers and policy makers to avoid further emergence and spread of drug-resistant infections.
World Antimicrobial Awareness Week 2022: Theme
“Preventing Antimicrobial Resistance Together” is the theme of WAAW this year. World Antimicrobial Awareness Week (WAAW) is a global campaign that is celebrated annually to improve awareness and understanding of AMR and encourage best practices among the public, One Health stakeholders and policymakers, who all play a critical role in reducing the further emergence and spread of AMR.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines it this way:
“Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Bacteria, not humans or animals, become antibiotic-resistant.”Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) develops when bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites adapt over time and stop responding to medications, making infections harder to treat and increasing the risk of disease transmission, life-threatening sickness, and death.As a result of drug resistance, antibiotics and other antimicrobial medicines become ineffective and infections become increasingly difficult or impossible to treat.
World Antimicrobial Awareness Week: History
The World Health Organisation launched “World Antibiotic Awareness Week” in 2015 to raise global awareness and promote action to halt the emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The campaign was rebranded as “World Antimicrobial Awareness Week” in 2020. The World Health Organization (WHO) projects a sense of urgency around the global issue of antibiotic resistance — and with good reason. If you develop an illness or an infection that can’t be treated in the traditional way with antibiotics, you can die.
National Naturopathy Day 2022: On November 18th, the 4th Naturopathy Day is commemorated, to promote positive mental and physical health through drug-free therapy. The Ministry of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), Government of India, established National Naturopathy Day on November 18, 2018. On November 18th 1945, Mahatma Gandhi became the Chairman of the All India Nature Cure Foundation Trust and signed the agreement aimed at making the benefits of Nature Cure available to all classes of people, therefore, this day was chosen to be observed as National Naturopathy Day.
The 5th Naturopathy Day is being put on by the Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy at the campus of the MIT Art, Design, and Technology University in Pune. On this Occasion an International Conference on Yoga and Naturopathy is being organized by CCRYN. This conference will see renowned speakers in the field of naturopathy and from “World Naturopathic Federation”. This year’s event has the theme “Naturopathy: an Integrative medicine.” In this conference we will learn about developments in the field of naturopathy from eminent researchers and practitioners in relation to education, research, integrative medicine, public health in addition to exploring newer avenues and areas in naturopathy.
National Naturopathy Day: History of Naturopathy
Naturopathy techniques were brought to the United States from Germany in the 1800s. The term naturopathy was coined by John Schell in 1895 and popularized by Benedict Lust, also referred to as the ‘Father of Modern Naturopathy’. He was also credited for spreading the knowledge of naturopathy in the United States in 1992. The “Water Cure System,” also known as “Hydrotherapy,” is credited with igniting the naturopathy movement in Germany and other western countries.
Naturopathy is the oldest healthcare system that combines modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural medicine. Relying on nature’s healing powers, naturopathy stimulates the human body’s ability to heal itself. It is the science of diagnosis, treatment, and healing using a variety of natural therapies, such as dietetics, herbal medicine, homoeopathy, fasting, exercise, lifestyle counselling, detoxification and chelation, clinical nutrition, hydrotherapy, naturopathic manipulation, spiritual healing, environmental assessment, and health.
National Naturopathy Day: Naturopathy in India
The revival of naturopathy in India took place through the translation of German nutritionist Louis Kuhne’s book ‘The New Science of Healing’, which was translated into Telugu by Dronamraju Venkatachalapathy Sarma in 1894. Shri Shroti Kishan Swaroop later translated it into Hindi and Urdu in 1904 to promote naturopathy. The Indian naturopathy movement initially started in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Bengal, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh, where people worked hard and contributed significantly to the science.
PFRDA named Suraj Bhan as chairman of NPS Trust: Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority has appointed Suraj Bhan as the chairman of the National Pension System Trust (NPS Trust), responsible for managing funds under the National Pension System (NPS). Consequent upon the tenure of the present chairman of the trust coming to an end on November 11, 2022, the authority has designated Suraj Bhan as chairperson of the board of the Trustee with effect from November 12, 2022, Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority (PFRDA) said in a circular. Bhan has been a Trustee on the Board of NPS Trust since 2018. He joined the Indian Economic Service in 1983 and retired as Director General of Labour Bureau, Chandigarh, in January 2018. He has varied experience across several sectors with the government and public sector undertakings in the areas of economic policy, business, industry and finance.
Important Takeaways For All Competitive Exams:
- Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority Founded: 23 August 2003;
- Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority Headquarters: New Delhi;
- Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority Chairperson: Supratim Bandyopadhyay.
Blackstone launches its Asian Data center business from India: Global asset manager Blackstone Group has forayed into the data center business in Asia with a planned capacity across two large hyperscale data centers in India. It plans to increase it to 600 MW over the next two years through presence in five locations in the country. On November 15, 2022, Blackstone released Lumina CloudInfra, a data centre platform. At first, the data centre will be built in Mumbai and Chennai, and then in Delhi-NCR, Hyderabad, and Pune.
National Data Center:
- The government data center has been set up and managed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC). The first Data Center opened in Hyderabad in 2008, and then NDC Pune, NDC Delhi, and NDC Bhubaneswar followed in 2010, 2011, and 2018, respectively.
- To serve the Government at all levels, it runs 37 small Data Centers in various State Capitals.
- National Data Centre (NDC) at Bhubaneswar is a Cloud-enabled Data Centre which has been offering cloud services to Government Departments since its inception.
- The National Data Centres form the core of e-Governance Infrastructure in India by providing services to various e-Governance initiatives undertaken by the Government of India.
What is a Data Center?
A data center is a facility that centralizes an organization’s shared IT operations and equipment for the purposes of storing, processing, and disseminating data and applications. Data centres are essential to the continuity of daily operations because they store the most critical and proprietary assets of an organization.
About the Blackstone:
The Real Estate and Tactical Opportunities funds of Blackstone own and manage the Lumina CloudInfra. Blackstone’s current investments in digital infrastructure include QTS Realty Trust in US, which it bought in 2021 for about $10 billion, a string of data centers in Japan on long-term contracts with top cloud service providers, Phoenix Towers International, a private cell tower platform in America and Europe, and Hotwire Communications, a pioneer in fiber optic technology.
National Commission for Women Launched Digital Shakti 4.0: The National Commission for Women (NCW) launched the fourth phase of the Digital Shakti Campaign, a pan-India project on digitally empowering and skilling women and girls in cyberspace, on Tuesday.
More About The Campaign:
Digital Shakti started in June 2018 to help women across the nation to raise the awareness level on the digital front, to build resilience, and fight cyber-crime in the most effective ways. The Digital Shakti 4.0 aims to empower women with the digital skills and knowledge to speak up against any inappropriate or illegal activity online.
NCW launched the campaign in collaboration with CyberPeace Foundation and Meta. Through this project, over 3 Lakh women across India have been made aware of cyber safety tips and tricks. It is helping women in reporting & redressal mechanisms, data privacy and usage of technology for their benefits.
What Has Been Said:
In line with its commitment to creating safe spaces for women and girls online, Digital Shakti 4.0 is focused on making women digitally skilled and aware of standing up against any illegal/inappropriate activity online. NCW launched it in collaboration with CyberPeace Foundation and Meta, said by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
While addressin, Rekha Sharma, Chairperson, NCW mentioned the Commission’s continuous efforts to empower women in every sphere across the nation, added the press release.
About The Previous session:
In March 2021, the NCW Chairperson officially launched the third phase of the programme in Leh in the presence of the Ladakh MP Jamyang Tsering Namgyal and Lieutenant Governor Radha Krishna Mathur. In the third phase, a Resource Center was also developed under the project to provide information on all the avenues of reporting in case a woman faces any cybercrime.
On January 31, 1992, the National Commission for Women was founded, under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990, to review the Constitutional and legal safeguards for women, recommend remedial legislative measures, facilitate grievance redress, and advise the government on all policy matters affecting women.