Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 14 December 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.
Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 14 December 2022
Holidays of India 2023: The categories for the List of Gazetted and Restricted Holidays of India 2023 are Observance, Restricted, and Gazetted. The Holidays in India are governed by several laws. The holidays are scheduled every month to accommodate India’s enormous population. TheList of Gazetted and Restricted Holidays of India 2023 provides 10-14 Public holidays.
List of Gazetted and Restricted Holidays of India 2023
It depends on the company or business whether they grant their employees, optional or common holidays in the List of Gazetted and Restricted Holidays of India 2023. The circular released by the Ministry of Personnel, Public, Grievances and Pensions served as the foundation for the List of Gazetted and Restricted Holidays of India 2023.The List of Gazetted and Restricted Holidays of India 2023 given below has divided into three parts, Gazetted Holidays, Restricted Holidays, and Observances and Common Holidays.
Restricted Holidays of India 2023
|Month and Date||Name||Day|
|1 January 2023||New Year||Sunday|
|14 January 2023||Makar Sankranti||Saturday|
|15 January 2023||Pongal||Sunday|
|26 January 2023||Vasant Panchami||Thursday|
|5 February 2023||Guru Ravidas Jayanti||Sunday|
|5 February 2023||Hazarat Ali’s Birthday||Sunday|
|15 February 2023||Maharishi Dayanand Saraswathi Jayanti||Wednesday|
|18 February 2023||Maha Shivratri||Saturday|
|19 February 2023||Shivaji Jayanti||Sunday|
|7 March 2023||Dolyatra||Tuesday|
|7 March 2023||Holika Dahana||Tuesday|
|22 March 2023||Chaitra Sukhladi||Wednesday|
|22 March 2023||Ugadi||Wednesday|
|22 March 2023||Gudi Padwa||Wednesday|
|9 April 2023||Easter Day||Sunday|
|14 April 2023||Vaisakhi||Friday|
|15 April 2023||Mesadi / Vaisakhadi||Saturday|
|21 April 2023||Jamat Ul-Vida||Friday|
|9 May 2023||Birthday of Rabindranath||Tuesday|
|20 June 2023||Rath Yatra||Tuesday|
|16 August 2023||Paris New Year||Wednesday|
|20 August 2023||Vinayaka Chaturthi||Sunday|
|29 August 2023||Onam||Tuesday|
|30 August 2023||Raksha Bandhan||Wednesday|
|6 September 2023||Janmashtami||Wednesday|
|19 September 2023||Ganesh Chaturthi||Tuesday|
|21 October 2023||Maha Saptami||Saturday|
|22 October 2023||Maha Ashtami||Sunday|
|23 October 2023||Maha Navami||Monday|
|28 October 2023||Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti||Saturday|
|1 November 2023||Karaka Chaturthi (Karva Chauth)||Wednesday|
|12 November 2023||Naraka Chaturdasi||Sunday|
|13 November 2023||Govardhan Puja||Monday|
|15 November 2023||Bhai Duj||Wednesday|
|19 November 2023||Chhat Puja||Sunday|
|24 November 2023||Guru Tegh Bahadur’s Martyrdom Day||Friday|
|24 December 2023||Christmas Eve||Sunday|
Gazetted Holidays of India 2023
|Month and Date||Name||Day|
|26 January 2023||Republic Day||Thursday|
|8 March 2023||Holi||Wednesday|
|30 March 2023||Rama Navami||Thursday|
|4 April 2023||Mahavir Jayanti||Tuesday|
|7 April 2023||Good Friday||Friday|
|22 April 2023||Ramzan Id/Eid-ul-Fitar||Saturday|
|5 May 2023||Buddha Purnima/Vesak||Friday|
|29 June 2023||Bakrid/Eid ul-Adha||Thursday|
|29 July 2023||Muharram/Ashura||Saturday|
|15 August 2023||Independence Day||Tuesday|
|7 September 2023||Janmashtami||Thursday|
|28 September 2023||Milad un-Nabi/Id-e-Milad||Thursday|
|2 October 2023||Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti||Monday|
|24 October 2023||Dussehra||Tuesday|
|12 November 2023||Diwali||Sunday|
|27 November 2023||Guru Nanak Jayanti||Monday|
|25 December 2023||Christmas||Monday|
Observances and Common Holidays of India 2023
|Month and Date||Name||Day|
|14 January 2023||Lohri||Saturday|
|22 January 2023||Lunar New Year||Sunday|
|14 February 2023||Valentine’s Day||Tuesday|
|6 April 2023||First Day of Passover||Thursday|
|6 April 2023||Maundy Thursday||Thursday|
|14 April 2023||Ambedkar Jayanti||Friday|
|22 April 2023||Ramzan Id/Eid-ul-Fitar||Saturday|
|1 May 2023||International Worker’s Day||Monday|
|14 May 2023||Mother’s Day||Sunday|
|18 May 2023||Father’s Day||Sunday|
|3 July 2023||Guru Purnima||Monday|
|6 August 2023||Friendship Day||Sunday|
|15 October 2023||First Day of Sharad Navaratri||Sunday|
|20 October 2023||First Day of Durga Puja Festivities||Friday|
|31 October 2023||Halloween||Tuesday|
|8 December 2023||First Day of Hanukkah||Friday|
|15 December 2023||Last Day of Hanukkah||Friday|
|31 December 2023||New Year’s Eve||Sunday|
National Energy Conservation Day 2022: The 14th of December 2022 is designated as National Energy Conservation Day each year. The objective is to highlight the nation’s achievements in energy conservation and efficiency. This occasion has been celebrated since 1991 when is led by the Ministry of power. This day is observed to raise public awareness about energy saving, which is the best method to ensure a more sustainable and promising future.
National Energy Conservation Day: History
The National Energy Conservation Awards were established in 1991 by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), a division of India’s power ministry, to honour businesses and institutions that had reduced their energy consumption while maintaining production.On December 14, 1991, the awards were presented for the first time. Since then, the day has been declared as National Energy Conservation Day. These awards are given away by eminent dignitaries at a function organised every year on the same day.
BEE spearheads the celebrations on National Energy Conservation Day every year. The primary objective to celebrate the day is to drive mass awareness about the importance of energy efficiency and conservation. Conservation of energy will reduce the strain on the environment and bring down electricity and expanses.
In 2022, National Energy Conservation Day :
The honorable President of India, Smt. Droupadi Murmu, will attend as the event’s chief guest. The event will feature remarks from Shri R. K. Singh, Union Minister of Power, New & Renewable Energy. Additionally present will be Shri Alok Kumar, Secretary of the Ministry of Power, and Shri Krishan Pal, Minister of State for Power & Heavy Industries.Hon’blePresident of India will felicitate the winners of National Energy Conservation Awards, National Energy Efficiency Innovation Awards, National Painting Competition Prizes an also launch EV Yatra Portal on the occasion.
The main attractions of the event will be:
- National Energy Conservation Awards (NECA) 2022
- National Energy Efficiency Innovation Awards (NEEIA) 2022
- National painting competition for school children 2022
- Launch of ‘EV-Yatra portal’ and mobile app
- Session on emerging new technologies in the area of energy efficiency
About the ‘EV-YATRA PORTAL’ and Mobile App:
Bureau of Energy Efficiency has developed a Mobile Application to facilitate in-vehicle navigation to the nearest public EV charger, a website to disseminate information on various central and state-level initiatives to promote e-mobility in the country, and a web-portal to enable CPOs to register their charging details securely into the National Online Database.
The “EV Yatra” mobile application was created to make it easier to go to the closest public EV charger while driving. The Google Play Store and Apple Store both offer quick download and installation options for this mobile application for both iPhone and Android smartphones.
Supreme Court Collegium recommends 5 names to Centre as apex court judges: Five high court justices have been suggested by the Supreme Court Collegium for nomination as judges on the Supreme Court. The suggestion was made following a meeting of the six-person Collegium, which was presided over by Chief Justice of India D Y Chandrachud. After the elevation of justice Dipankar Datta, former chief justice of Bombay High Court, SC’s current bench strength is 28 as against the sanctioned strength of 34. The Supreme Court will have 33 judges on the bench if the central government announces the five names that the collegium of the Supreme Court has suggested.
The five names recommended for elevation:
- Justice Pankaj Mithal, Chief Justice, Rajasthan High Court;
- Justice Sanjay Karol, Chief Justice, Patna High Court;
- Justice PV Sanjay Kumar, Chief Justice, Manipur High Court;
- Justice Ahsanuddin Amanullah, Judge, Patna High Court;
- Justice Manoj Misra, Judge, Allahabad High Court.
What is a Collegium System?
One of the key concepts in understanding the appointment of Supreme Court judges and the judicial system is the Supreme Court’s Collegium System. It is the system of appointment and transfer of judges that has evolved through judgments of the SC, and not by an Act of Parliament or by a provision of the Constitution.
Prime Minister Launched Projects Worth Rs 75,000 Cr in Maharashtra: Prime Minister Narendra Modi to lay the foundation stone and inaugurate projects worth Rs 75,000 crores in Maharashtra. According to the Prime Minister’s Office, PM Modi officially opened the first phase of the 520-kilometer Hindu Hrudaysamrat Balasaheb Thackeray Maharashtra Samruddhi Mahamarg, which connecting Nagpur and Shirdi.
More About This :
- In yet another step that will revolutionise urban mobility, Prime Minister will dedicate ‘Nagpur Metro Phase I’ to the nation. He will flag off two metro trains – from Khapri to Automotive Square (Orange Line) and from Prajapati Nagar to Lokmanya Nagar (Aqua line) – at Khapri Metro Station. Over Rs 8650 crore was spent on developing Nagpur Metro Phase I. Additionally, the Prime Minister will lay the foundation for Nagpur Metro Phase-II, which would cost more than Rs 6700 crore to build.
- Prime Minister’s commitment to strengthen health infrastructure across the country will be strengthened through the dedication of AIIMS Nagpur to the nation. The Hospital, whose foundational stone was also laid by the Prime Minister in July 2017, has been established under the Central sector scheme Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana.
- • The nation received a dedication from the prime minister for the Government Maintenance Depot, Ajni (Nagpur), and Kohli-Narkher Section of the Nagpur-Itarsi Third Line Project. These projects each cost anywhere between Rs 110 crore and Rs 450 crore to develop.
- The laying of the foundation stone for the National Institute of One Health (NIO), Nagpur by the Prime Minister is a step towards building capacity and infrastructure in the country under the ‘One Health’ approach.
One Of The Longest Expressway:
One of India’s longest expressways, the 701 Km route travels through Amravati, Aurangabad, and Nashik as well as 10 districts in Maharashtra at a cost of nearly Rs 55,000 crore. The expressway will also help improve the connectivity of adjoining 14 other districts, thus helping in the development of about 24 districts of the state including the regions of Vidarbha, Marathwada and North Maharashtra.
Significance Of This:
Espousing the Prime Minister’s vision of integrated planning and coordinated implementation of infrastructure connectivity projects under PM Gati Shakti, the Samruddhi Mahamarg will connect to the Delhi Mumbai Expressway, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust and tourist locations like Ajanta Ellora Caves, Shirdi, Verul, Lonar, etc.
Samruddhi Mahamarg will be a game-changer in providing a major boost to the economic development of Maharashtra.
Prime Minister will lay the foundation stone of the project for pollution abatement of river Nag at Nagpur. The project, which is a part of the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP), will cost more than Rs 1925 crore to implement. In February 2019, the Prime Minister officially broke ground on the “Centre for Research, Management and Control of Haemoglobinopathies, Chandrapur” to address this problem. Prime Minister will now dedicate to the nation the Centre, which is envisaged to become a Centre of Excellence for innovative research, technology development, human resource development, in the field of haemoglobinopathies, in the country.
In November, Retail inflation eased below 6% for the first time in 2022: India’s retail inflation has decreased from 6.77% in October to 5.88% in November 2022. It is the first time in this Financial Year when the inflation rate came within the tolerance band of RBI i.e. 2 to 6%. Food prices, which account for nearly 40% of the CPI basket, eased to 4.67% in November, compared with 7.01% in October.
Since January, retail inflation has exceeded the Reserve Bank of India’s 2%–6% tolerance band, resulting in a 225 basis point increase in interest rates, bringing the rate to 6.25% as of this writing. Excluding the volatile food and energy components, the core inflation is estimated to be between 6% and 6.26% in November, Compared to 5.9% to 6.3% in October, three economists’ estimates for this month’s GDP.
RBI recently wrote a letter to the government explaining the reasons for failing to contain inflation within the set band for three successive quarters. The letter has not been made public so far. India’s retail inflation decreased to 5.88% in November from 6.77% in October due to falling vegetable and edible oil prices. This is the first time since January of this year that consumer price growth has been slower than the 6% tolerance level established by the central bank.
Consumer food price inflation eased to an 11-month low of 4.67% from above 7% in October, but rural consumers still had to bear a heavier burden with a 5.2% price increase in food items compared to their urban counterparts’ 3.7% increase. Overall rural retail inflation also stayed high at 6.09%.
Ex-Vice President Venkaiah Naidu receives SIES award for public leadership: Venkaiah Naidu, a former vice president, has received the 25th Sri Chandrasekarendra Saraswathi National Eminence Award (SIES). During the celebration in Mumbai, Maharashtra’s King’s Circle’s Shanmukhananda auditorium, the award was given out. The awards are given in the fields of public leadership, community leadership, science and technology, and social thinkers who have made outstanding contributions in their respective fields. In 1932, M. V. Venkateshwaran founded the SIES in Mumbai.
Other Awardees in various categories:
- Public Leadership: Arif Mohammed Khan Governor of Kerala
- Community Leadership: Ratan Tata, an eminent industrialist
- Science and Technology: Dr Marthanda Varma Sankaran Valianathan, renowned cardiologist and Padma Vibhushan awardee
- Science and Technology: Prof Ajay Kumar Sood, Scientific Advisor to the Government of India
- Spiritual Leadership: Vishakha Hari Harikatha artiste.
About Venkaiah Naidu:
Venkaiah Naidu served as India’s 13th vice president from August 11 of 2017 to August 11 of 2022. He served as the minister of housing, urban development, urban poverty alleviation, and information before joining Modi’s Cabinet. He was a prominent leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and its National President from 2002 to 2004. From 1996 until 2002, he was the Minister of Rural Development in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government.
About Sri Chandrasekarendra Saraswathi National Eminence Award:
In 1998, SIES established the Sri Chandrasekarendra Saraswathi National Eminence Award in honour of the late seer of Kanchi. This award is given annually in the field of Public eminence, Community leadership, Science and Technology, Social thinkers and the International category. SIES was set up in 1932 by M. V. Venkateshwaran in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
PM Participated in a Programme Commemorating Sri Aurobindo’s 150th Birth Anniversary: On December 13, 2022, a programme commemorating Sri Aurobindo’s 150th birthday was attended by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. The programme, which was organised by Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav and was held in Kamban Kalai Sangam, Puducherry, saw the release of a commemorative coin and postal stamp in honour of Sri Aurobindo by the prime minister.
About Sri Aurobindo:
He is popularly known as yogi Rishi Aurobindo. He was a revolutionary, nationalist, poet, educationist and philosopher.
Birth: On August 15, 1872, Shri Krishnadhan Ghosh gave birth to him in Calcutta. A rich doctor from Calcutta was his father.
Early life and Education:
At the age of seven he was taken to England for education. He studied King’s College in Cambridge as well as St. Paul’s School in London when he was there.
As A Revolutionary:
He also joined a revolutionary society and took a leading role in secret preparations for an uprising against the British Government in India.
- leader of the Nationalist movement.
- In 1906, soon after the Partition of Bengal, Sri Aurobindo quit his post in Baroda and went to Calcutta, where he soon became one of the leaders of the Nationalist movement.
- He was the first political leader in India to openly put forward, in his newspaper Bande Mataram, the idea of complete independence for the country.
As A Yogi :
- Its aim is a spiritual realisation that not only liberates man’s consciousness but also transforms his nature.
- In 1926, with the help of his spiritual collaborator, the Mother, he founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram. Prosecuted twice for sedition and once for conspiracy, he was released each time for lack of evidence.
His Literary works:
He was a journalist as well, and his first philosophical publication, Arya, came out in 1914. Among his many writings are The Life Divine, The Synthesis of Yoga and Savitri.
- He propounded a philosophy of divine life on earth through spiritual evolution.
- Death: Aurobindo Ghose died on December 5, 1950.
Oscar Nominations 2023: The 95th Oscar Awards will be announced and the Oscar nominations 2023 will include Best Actors, Actress, and Films. By December 21st, 2022, the school will also issue 10 categories. The other categories for the 2023 Oscar nominations include three short films, international features, makeup and hairstyling, documentaries, and features (Animated, Documentary, and Live action).
History of Oscars Awards
The first Oscar Award event was organized in 1929 and the trophy was designed for the first time in 1927. It is a prestigious award given to all actresses and actors all over the world for their performance in the film industry. The 2023 Oscars will take place on March 12, 2023. The Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles, California, USA, will host the 95th Academy Awards ceremony.
Oscar Nominations 2023: Overview
|Event||95th Academy Awards 2022|
|Dates||12th March 2023|
|Venue||Dolby Theatre, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U. S|
|Directed by||Glenn Weiss|
|Produced by||Glenn Weiss Ricky Kirshner|
Oscar Nominations 2023 for Best Actor
|Rank||Best Actor Nominees||Film|
|1||Brendan Fraser||The Whale|
|2||Colin Farrell||The Banshees of Inisherin|
|3||Hugh Jackman||The Son|
|6||Tom Cruise||Top Gun: Maverick|
|8||Jeremy Pope||The Inspection|
|10||Tom Hanks||A Man Called Otto|
Oscar Nominations 2023 for Best Actress
|Ranks||Best Actresses Nominees||Film|
|1||Michelle Yeoh||Everything Everywhere All at Once|
|3||Danielle Dead Wyler||Till|
|4||Viola Davis||The Woman King|
|5||Michelle Williams||The Fabelmans|
|6||Olivia Colman||Empire of Light|
|7||Zar Amir Ebrahimi||Holy Spider|
|8||Ana de Armas||Blonde|
|9||Emma Thompson||Good Luck to You, Leo Grande|
Oscar Nominations 2023 for Pictures Predictions
|1||The Fabelmans||Tony Kushner, Kristie Macosko Krieger, Steven Spielberg|
|2||The Banshees of Inisherin||Graham Broadbent, Peter Czernin, Martin McDonagh|
|3||Women Talking||Dede Gardner, Jeremy Kleiner, Frances McDormand, Brad Pitt|
|4||TAR||Todd Field, Scott Lambert, Alexandra Milchan|
|5||Everything Everywhere All at Once||Dan Kwan, Mike Larocca, Anthony Russo, Joe Russo, Daniel Scheinert, Jonathan Wang|
|6||Top Gun: Maverick||Jerry Bruckheimer, Tom Cruise, Christopher McQuarrie, David Ellison|
|7||Elvis||Baz Luhrmann, Gail Berman, Catherine Martin, Patrick McCormick, Schuyler Weiss|
|8||The Woman King||Mario Bello, Viola Davis, Cathy Schulman, Julius Tennon|
|9||Glass Onion: A Knives Out Mystery||Rian Johnson, Ram Bergman|
|10||Emancipation||Todd Black, Joey McFarland, Jon Mone, Will Smith|
Oscar Nominations 2023 for Best Director
|Rank||Best Director Nominees||Film|
|2||Dan Kwan and Daniel Scheinert||Everything Everywhere All at Once|
|3||Darren Aronofsky||The Whale|
|4||Gina Prince-Bythewood||The Woman King|
|5||Sam Mendes||Empire of Light|
Oscar Nominations 2023 for Best Original Screenplay
|Rank||Best Original Screenplay Nominees||Director|
|1||Everything Everywhere All at Once||Dan Kwan and Daniel Scheinert|
|3||Empire of Lights||Sam Mendes|
|4||The Banshees of Inisherin||Martin McDonagh|
|5||The Fabelmans||Tony Kushner and Steven Spielberg|
Punjab Cabinet Approves Recruitment of 8,400 Candidates in Punjab Police in Four Years: In four years, the Punjab Cabinet has approved hiring 8,400 people, including 1,200 sub-inspectors and 7,200 constables, for the Punjab Police. The Punjab Cabinet is led by the Chief Minister of Punjab Bhagwant Mann.
The decision to recruit 8,400 Punjab Police in four years was approved after the Cabinet meeting by Chief Minister Bhagwant Mann. Every year, the government will hire young people to fill the positions of constables and sub-inspectors in the Punjab Police department.
Punjab Cabinet for the recruitment of 8,400 cops
The Punjab cabinet has approved the recruitment of 1800 constables, and 300 sub-inspector every year. This decision came after recognizing the scarcity of employees.
2.05 lakh applicants are anticipated to apply for the open posts, and 2,100 posts will be added annually. The candidates will be given ample time to be involved in their academics and improve their physique for clearing the tests.
The Punjab cabinet aims to channelize the energy of youth in a positive direction. The fixed schedule for the advertisement, conduct, and declaration of results for exams, will be adopted soon. As per schedule, the advertisement for the exam will be issued in January. Every year, the written exams are given in the months of May and June, the physical exams are given in the month of September, and the results are released in the month of November. The recruitment process for the 710 open patwari positions in the revenue department has also been given the Cabinet’s clearance.
The Punjab Cabinet also approved the department of Higher education and languages to hire 203 employees for NCC HQs units and centers. This will help in addressing the issue of shortage of manpower in National Cadet Corps (NCC) units. This will also facilitate the enrolment of a higher number of candidates further.
Justice Dipankar Dutta takes oath as judge of Supreme Court: Justice Dipankar Dutta has took oath as a judge of the Supreme Court. Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud administered the oath to Justice Dutta in the swearing-in ceremony in the Supreme Court in the presence of all judges. Justice Dutta’s appointment leaves the Supreme Court with 28 judges instead of the full complement of 34. Justice Dutta’s term will end on February 8, 2030.
Justice Datta, 57, will retire from the Supreme Court in February 2030 at the age of 65 after serving for almost eight years. His name was recommended by a Supreme Court Collegium led by Justice U.U. Lalit on September 26.The pendency of his file with the government for well over two months had been a source of consternation for both the Supreme Court and the apex court lawyers’ community.
Career of Justice Datta:
Justice Datta was elevated to the bench of the Calcutta High Court as a permanent judge on June 22, 2006. He was made the Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court on April 28, 2020. Justice Datta is the son of late Justice Salil Kumar Datta, who served as a judge of the Calcutta High Court, and brother-in-law of Justice Amitava Roy, who was a former judge of the apex court.