Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 28 December 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.
Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 28 December 2022
Ganji Kamala V Rao Appointed as Chief Executive Officer at FSSAI: The Food Safety & Standards Authority of India’s Chief Executive Officer has been named as Shri Ganji Kamala V Rao IAS (FSSAI). Shri Ganji Kamala V Rao IAS is currently serving as the Managing Director of Indian Tourism Development Corporation Ltd.
About Shri Ganji Kamala V Rao IAS
Officer from the Kerala cadre and member of the 1990 batch, Shri Ganji Kamala V. Rao IAS. He was appointed by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet to the position of Additional Secretary while also holding the positions of Chairman and Managing Director of India Tourism Development Corporation Ltd. He has also served as the Principal Secretary of, the General Administration Department, Government of Kerala in Trivandrum.
Food Safety and Standard Authority of India is referred to as FSSAI. It is a statutory body under the Ministry of health and family welfare, the Government of India. The Food Safety and Standards Act of 2006 authorised the establishment of the FSSAI. The FSSAI aims to protect and promote public health with proper regulations and supervision of food safety. The head of FSSAI is a non-executive chairperson, who is appointed by the Central Government, and either holds or has held a position, not below the rank of secretary to the Government of India.
Santosh Kumar Yadav Appointed as Chairman of NHAI, Subhasis Panda VC of DDA: The senior bureaucrat Santosh Kumar Yadav was chosen to lead the Indian National Highway Authority (NHAI). Santosh Kumar Yadav is a 1995-batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer of the Uttar Pradesh cadre. He is currently working for the Ministry of Education’s Department of School Education and Literacy as the additional secretary.
An order issued by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) confirms that the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved the appointment of Mr. Santosh Kumar Yadav under the Ministry of Road and Transport & Highways in the rank and pay of additional secretary to the Government of India.
Santosh Kumar Yadav Appointed as Chairman of NHAI, Subhasis Panda VC of DDA- Key Points
- Subhasis Panda has been appointed as the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) vice chairman.
- Subhasis is an IAS officer from the Himachal Pradesh cadre, batch of 1997.
- The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has appointed Ganji Kamala V Rao as the Chief Executive Officer of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).Hitesh Kumar S Makwana has been appointed as the Additional Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- Rajneesh, a 1997-batch IAS Officer of the Himachal Pradesh cadre has been appointed as the additional secretary and development commissioner of the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises.
SBI, ICICI Bank, and Axis Bank to bring Rupay credit card on UPI platform: State Bank of India (SBI), ICICI Bank, and Axis Bank want to begin distributing RuPay credit cards via the UPI by March 2023. Currently, the RuPay credit card segment on the UPI platform is live with three public sector banks—Union Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, and Indian Bank—and one private sector bank—HDFC Bank.
Rupay-based credit card on UPI platform: Key Points
- In June, the Reserve Bank of India approved the use of credit cards to connect to UPI, which was previously only available as a “pay now” option.
- Users will benefit from more convenience as a result of the change, which will also expand the adoption of digital payments.
- RuPay is a technological platform that provides end-to-end security options for online financial transactions.
- Credit cards are not offered by RuPay. In India, only banks have the authority to issue credit cards.
- The bank will use the RuPay technology network when a customer uses a RuPay credit card.
- Here, RuPay is in charge of the technology connection to ensure that the transaction goes off without a hitch.
Every transaction would be reimbursed by the bank to RuPay.
Factors of popularity of UPI
- The zero MDR is one of the main factors contributing to UPI’s popularity.
- MDR is a charge that merchants pay to banks for processing payments that is based on a portion of the transaction.
- RuPay debit cards do not have an MDR; other debit cards do, with fees ranging from 0.4% to 0.9%.The MDR for credit cards, which ranges from 2% to 3% of the transaction value, has no ceiling, though. Compared to Mastercard or VISA credit cards, RuPay credit cards often have a lower MDR.
Worldline ePayments India Gets RBI’s Nod to Act as Payment Aggregator: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has granted in-principle authorization to Worldline ePayments India (WEIPL), a pioneer in digital payments, to function as a payment aggregator (PA). The RBI’s authorization was granted in accordance with the March 17, 2020, edition of the Payment Regulation Guidelines.
About The Worldline ePayments India (WEIPL):
Worldline ePayments India, part of Worldline group, offers solutions for all sorts of payment needs offering in-store, online, and omnichannel payments to its customers.
About Payment Aggregators and Payment Gateways:
Payment Aggregators facilitate e-commerce sites and merchants in accepting payment instruments from the customers for completion of their payment obligations without the need for merchants to create a separate payment integration system of their own. Example: Billdesk.
Payment Gateways are entities that provide technology infrastructure to route and facilitate processing of an online payment transaction without any involvement in handling of funds. In India, banks are the majority of PGs. A Payment Gateway allows the merchants to deal in a specific payment option put on the portal, whereas a Payment Aggregator allows one to have multitudes of options for payment. Thus, a Payment Aggregator covers a payment gateway in its ambit.
Nikhat Zareen & Lovlina Borgohain win gold medals at the Elite National Women’s Boxing Championships
6th Elite Women’s National Boxing Championships: Nikhat Zareen, a Telangana boxing star and the current world champion, and Lovlina Borgohain, an Olympic bronze medalist from Tokyo, each took home gold in their respective finals of the Elite Women’s National Boxing Championships. The Railway Sports Promotion Board won the team trophy with ten awards in the 6th Elite Women’s National Boxing Championships in Bhopal.
Lovlina of Assam defeated Arundhati Choudhary of the Services Sports Control Board (SSCB) 5-0 in the 75kg final, while Nikhat endured a hard test from Anamika of the RSPB in the 50kg final before the 26-year-old Telangana pugilist won 4-1 to defend her championship.
Other important Points:
With 10 medals—five gold, three silver, and two bronze—the Railways team led all other teams in the medal count. Madhya Pradesh team came second with one gold, two silver and five bronze, and Haryana with two gold and two bronze claimed the third spot.
Gold medal winners
48kg: Manju Rani
50kg: Nikhat Zareen
63kg: Shashi Chopra
66kg: Manju Bamboria
70kg: Sanamacha Chanu
75kg: Lovlina Borgohain
81kg: Saweety Boora
UP’s Bulandshahr prison: The Food Safety and Standard Authority of India awarded Uttar Pradesh’s Bulandshahr prison a five-star grade and the designation “Eat Right Campus” (FSSAI). The FSSAI team inspected the kitchen’s food quality, storage and hygiene on stringent measures, based on which the Bulandshahr prison was given a five-star rating, the ‘Eat Right Campus’ tag in addition to the remark of ‘Excellent’ by the FSSAI. After Farrukhabad Jail, Bulandshahr Jail is the second prison to receive this designation from Uttar Pradesh.
The jail officers and the prisoners worked extensively for beautification, cleanliness and food safety. The staff also used clean aprons, full-sleeve gloves and caps for preparing food. The Director General of the prison, Anand Kumar, directed the staff to continuously work towards maintaining the hygiene, quality and cleanliness while preparing food. He also congratulated all the staff and prisoners for the tag, the release stated.
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):
- The Food Safety and Standards Act of 2006 authorised the establishment of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). It was set up on 5 September 2008.
- The Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare is responsible for it.
- FSSAI is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.
- Headquarters: New Delhi; Chairperson of FSSAI: Rita Teaotia.
Pralay Ballistic Missiles: India’s First Tactical Quasi-Ballistic Missile- The decision by the Defence Ministry to procure indigenous short-range ballistic surface-to-surface (SRBM) missile Pralay, a conventional weapon that has become ready for induction in just seven years, gives Indian military the heft to its war-fighting capabilities. The acquisition of around 120 Pralay missiles and their placement along the borders for the armed forces were approved at a high-level meeting of the Defence Ministry. India now permits the use of ballistic missiles in tactical roles, therefore the acquisition of these ballistic missiles is considered a significant development for the nation.
Significance Of This ballistic missile:
The missile, which will be the country’s first tactical quasi-ballistic missile, will enable the armed forces to strike strategic installations and enemy positions in actual conflict zones. Pralay, along with the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile, will form the crux of India’s planned Rocket Force — a concept that was envisaged by former Chief of Defence Staff (CDS), the late General Bipin Rawat. Sources in the defence establishment made it clear that only conventional missiles would come under the planned Rocket Force as and when it’s ready, while nuclear weapons would continue to be under the ambit of the Strategic Forces Command.
About The Pralay missile project:
- The Prahaar missile programme, which saw its first test in 2011, served as the basis for the 2015-approved Pralay missile project.
- Sources said Pralay was formed through elements from multiple missile programmes that include the K-series of submarine-launched ballistic missiles and the ballistic defence shield programme.
- The 150-500 kilometre range canisterized Pralay missile was created in accordance with the Army’s specifications and needs, which was looking to arm itself with a tactical conventional missile that could be used on the battlefield.
- Incidentally, both China and Pakistan have tactical ballistic missiles.
- Pralay is powered with a solid propellant rocket motor and multiple new technologies and, according to sources, accuracy is a highlight of this missile.
- It has the ability to launch a conventional warhead weighing between 350 and 700 kg, giving it lethal punitive capability.
- It can carry a high explosive preformed fragmentation warhead, penetration-cum-blast (PCB) and runaway denial penetration submunition (RDPS).
- While BrahMos has high agility, stealth and even loitering capability, Pralay has the advantage of speed and countering it is a difficult task, even for modern air defence systems.
Why Pralay Is So deadly:
The Indian missile can be compared to China’s Dong Feng 12 and the Russian Iskander missile that has been used in the ongoing war with Ukraine. The US Army is in the process of increasing the range of a similar short-range ballistic missile called the Precision Strike Missile (PrSM). What makes Pralay deadly is that it is a quasi-ballistic weapon, which means that while it has a low trajectory and is largely ballistic, it can manoeuvre in flight. It has been designed to evade interceptor missiles.
Madhya Pradesh government 2022: As part of his big memorial at Gwalior, former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee will haveMadhya Pradesh Govt to build Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s grand memorial in Gwalioron to mark the late leader’s 98th birth anniversary. The event was also attended by Union Ministers Jyotiraditya Scindia and Narendra Singh Tomar. On December 25, 1924, Vajpayee was born in Gwalior, India.
The Madhya Pradesh government has allotted nearly 4,050 hectares of land in Sirol area of Gwalior to build a memorial of Vajpayee, according to Gwalior Divisional Commissioner Deepak Singh. On the occasion, noted sarod maestro Amjad Ali Khan, eminent scientist Dr. V.K. Saraswat, cardiologist Dr. Jamal Yusuf, international hockey player Ishika Chowdhary and educationist OP Dixit were awarded the ‘Gwalior Gaurav Samman’, while renowned poet Hariom Pawar was presented the ‘Atal Kavi Samman’.
England 1966 World Cup winner George Cohen passes away: George Cohen, the right back who helped England win the 1966 World Cup, has died, according to his former club Fulham. He made his international debut in 1964 and went on to represent his country 37 times, playing a key role in England’s only World Cup triumph when it beat West Germany 4-2 after extra time at Wembley in the final. He and Bobby Charlton and Geoff Hurst were the only two remaining players from that World Cup-winning team. He spent the whole of his club career with one team, Fulham, making 459 appearances for the west London side.
Career of George Cohen:
- When coach Alf Ramsey’s approach called for full-backs to advance, Cohen was a crucial part of England’s game. Having helped England keep clean sheets in their first four matches in the tournament, Cohen started the move that led to the winning goal in the 2-1 semi-final victory over Portugal.
- Only three players in history have made more appearances for Fulham than Cohen: Johnny Haynes (658), Eddie Lowe (511) and Les Barrett (491). He suffered a bad knee injury at the age of 29, tragically ending his playing career.
- To commemorate Cohen’s 50th World Cup victory, Fulham placed a statue of him outside of their Craven Cottage stadium in 2016, while he was awarded an MBE in 2000 for his services to football.
Piyush Goel Launched Right to Repair Portal for Consumers: The right to repair webpage, an NTH mobile app, and new National Consumer Helpline offices were were introduced by Food and Consumer Affairs Minister Piyush Goyal at the nation’s capital. A memorandum of understanding was also signed between the Consumer Affairs Department and IIT (BHU), Varanasi as well launched a capacity building programme of consumer commissions.
More About This Development:
The National Consumer Day served as the occasion for the inauguration of these projects. “Effective disposal of cases in consumer commission” was the theme. Minister of State for Food and Consumer Affairs Sadhvi Niranjan Jyothi was also present at the event.
In July 2022 the Department of Consumer Affairs had set up a committee headed by the Additional Secretary Nidhi Khare to develop a comprehensive framework on ‘Right to Repair’.
On the ‘right to repair’ portal, manufacturers will share the manual of product details with customers so that they can either repair by self, by third parties, rather than depend on original manufacturers. Initially, mobile phones, electronic, consumer durables, automobile and farming equipments will be covered.
Under the Consumer Protection law, a complaint is required to be disposed of within 90 days of its filing and within 150 days wherever expert evidence is required to be taken.