List of countries at risk of mass killings: India is ranked eighth among the nations with the highest risk of mass murder in 2022 and 2023, according to a new analysis by the US think tank Early Warning Project. India has seen a drop in rank from second position in the earlier year. “India’s shift in rank from second to eighth can be most attributed to an improvement in the freedom of movement for men [which is one of the variables used for the analysis],” the report said.
Key points in the report:
- Pakistan is estimated to have about a one in six chance of experiencing a new mass killing in 2022 or 2023, it said.
- Among the 162 countries, Yemen came in second, Myanmar third, Ethiopia fifth, Nigeria sixth, and Afghanistan seventh on the list this year, according to the 2022–23 report.
- India has performed worse than Sudan (ninth), Somalia (10th), Syria (11th), Iraq (12th), and Zimbabwe (14th rank).
- According to the report for 2021-2022, India was ranked in the second position among the top 15 highest-risk countries for the last five years.
About the Project: The Dickey Center for International Understanding at Dartmouth College and the Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum collaborated on the Project. A mass killing, as per the report, is 1,000 or more civilians deliberately killed by armed forces (whether government or non-state), over a period of a year or less, because of their membership in a particular group. If they match this definition, virtually all cases of genocide include mass murder, the research stated. The other variables, or ‘risk factors’, used for the analysis include the countries’ basic characteristics (for example, geographic region, population); socioeconomic measures (changes in gross domestic product per capita); measures of governance (restrictions on political candidates and parties); levels of human rights (freedom of movement); and records of violent conflict (battle-related deaths, ongoing mass killings).