Psychology Previous Years Solved Questions with Answers

11 Perceptual constancies are
A Likely inborn and not subject to leaning
B An aid in perceiving a stable and consistent world
C Confusing to an individual rather than helping him determine what really exists
D Illusion in which we perceive something that does not correspond to the sensory information

Answer: Option [B]
12 Which of the following is a subdivision of the autonomic nervous system?
A Brain and spinal cord
B Only sympathetic nervous system
C Only the parasympathetic nervous system
D Both the sympathetic and Para-sympathetic nervous system

Answer: Option [D]
13 Which of the following approaches to personality is least deterministic?
A The humanistic approach
B The behavioral approach
C The psychoanalytic approach
D The social learning approach

Answer: Option [A]
14 In Freud’s theory of personality
A The id operates by secondary process
B The superego obeys the pleasure principle
C The ego obeys the reality principle
D The ego operates by primary process thinking

Answer: Option [C]
15 The frustration-aggression hypothesis;
A Was developed by social learning theorist
B Assumes that frustration produces aggression
C Assume that aggression is basic instinct
D Claims that frustration and aggression are both instinctive

Answer: Option [B]
16 The James-Lange or body reaction theory of emotion says
A You feel emotion then a bodily reaction
B Emotions and visceral reactions are simultaneous
C The somatic nervous system is the seat of emotion
D You react with your body first then you feel emotion

Answer: Option [D]
17 Analysis of avoidance learning suggest that many phobias are acquired through ______ conditioning.
A Classical
B Operant
C Intermittent
D Reinforcement

Answer: Option [A]
18 The ability to learn by observing a model or receiving instructions, without reinforcement, is called_____
A Contingency
B Social learning
C Cognitive learning
D Instrumental learning

Answer: Option [B]
19 Conditioned response may be eliminated by withdrawing reinforcement. This is known as:
A Extinction
B Discrimination
C Spontaneous recovery
D Stimulus generalization

Answer: Option [A]
20 Any stimulus that follows a behavior and increases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated is called a:
A Cue
B Punisher
C reinforcer
D Situational stimulus

Answer: Option [C]

Psychology Questions - Section 2

Psychology Questions - Section 3