Federal Finance System in India - General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

Questions
1 Which one of the following tax is within the jurisdiction of the State Governments as enumerated in List – II of the Constitution of India?
A Taxes other than stamp duties on transactions in stock exchange and future markets
B Taxes on Railway freights and fares.
C Taxes on mineral rights subject to any limitations imposed by the Parliament.
D Rate of stamp duty in respect of certain financial documents.

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is taxes on mineral rights subject to any limitations imposed by the Parliament.

2 Which of the following taxes is introduced in India in 1953 and abolished in 1985?
A Estate Duty
B Expenditure Tax
C Gift Tax
D Agricultural Income-tax

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Estate Duty. Inheritance tax is concerned with the taxation of value of property passing on death. India had Estate Duty from 1953 till it was abolished in 1985. The objective behind the reintroduction of an inheritance tax: To address the problem of economic inequality.

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3 The Constitution of India provides for transfer of resources from Centre to States in the form of:
I. Tax sharing
II. Loans
III. Grants-in-aid
IV. Grants for implementation of Five Year Plans
A (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct
B (i) and (iii) are correct
C (i), (iii) and (iv) are correct
D All are correct

Answer: Option [A]

The Constitution of India provides for transfer of resources from Centre to States in the form of:

  • Tax sharing
  • Loans
  • Grants-in-aid
4 The share of the tax borne by the seller will be larger:
A if the demand for the product is less elastic
B if the demand for the product is inelastic
C if the demand for the product has greater elasticity
D if the elasticity of supply of the product is larger

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is if the demand for the product has greater elasticity. An elastic demand or elastic supply is one in which the elasticity is greater than one, indicating a high responsiveness to changes in price.

5 The Sarkaria Commission has been appointed by the Government of India to report on:
A Child Development
B Centre-State relations
C Stabilize agricultural prices
D Study and report the representation of Backward Classes in the State public services

Answer: Option [B]

The Sarkaria Commission has been appointed by the Government of India to report on Centre-State relations. Sarkaria Commission was set up in 1983 by the central government of India. The Sarkaria Commission's charter was to examine the central-state relationship on various portfolios and suggest changes within the framework of the Constitution of India.

6 The distribution of the burden of paying a tax is called:
A Sharing of tax burden
B Shifting of the tax
C Incidence of a tax
D Tax capitalization

Answer: Option [C]

The distribution of the burden of paying a tax is called Incidence of a tax. "Tax incidence" (or incidence of tax) is an economic term for understanding the division of a tax burden between stakeholders, such as buyers and sellers or producers and consumers. Tax incidence can also be related to the price elasticity of supply and demand.

7 Grants from the Centre to the States under the recommendations of Finance Commission are known as:
A Plan grants
B Development assistance
C Statutory grants
D Discretionary grants

Answer: Option [C]

Grants from the Centre to the States under the recommendations of Finance Commission are known as Statutory grants.

8 Funds not belonging to the Government are called:
A Contingency Fund
B Private Accounts
C Consolidated Fund
D Public Accounts

Answer: Option [B]

Funds not belonging to the Government are called Private Accounts.

9 Which are the three inter-related activities involve in the process of Capital Formation?
A Savings, Finance and Donation
B Savings, Loan and Investment
C Donation, Loan and Investment
D Savings, Finance and Investment

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Savings, Finance and Investment. Capital formation occurs in three stages, which are the creation of savings, the mobilization of savings, and the investment of savings. All three of these stages are necessary in order to produce the capital needed to empower an economy to grow.

10 Which of the following is not an element of Financial Organisations?
A Public ownership of Financial Institution
B Strengthening of Institutional Structure
C Establishment of more Microfinance Organizations
D Protection to Investors

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Establishment of more Microfinance Organizations.

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