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International Organisations - GK MCQs with Answers | Page-5

Questions
41 The world Bank normally gives:
A Short-term loans
B Medium-term loans
C Long-term loans
D Medium and long-term loans

Answer: Option [B]

The world Bank normally gives Medium-term loans. The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs. The World Bank is one of four institutions created at the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), a related institution, is another.

42 Structural adjustment loans given by the World Bank are meant for:
A Encouraging capital-intensive industries
B Reducing inequalities of income distribution
C Increasing employment in agriculture
D Increasing export-earning capacity of the borrower country

Answer: Option [A]

Structural adjustment loans given by the World Bank are meant for Encouraging capital-intensive industries. Structural adjustment programs (SAPs) consist of loans (structural adjustment loans; SALs) provided by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) to countries that experience economic crises.

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43 Which country decided to join the United Nations, as a Member, on the basis of the results of a referendum held in the country?
A Finland
B Austria
C Switzerland
D Belgium

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Switzerland. The federal rule and referendums have been used in Switzerland since 1848.A referendum (also known as a plebiscite or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal, usually a piece of legislation which has been passed into law by the local legislative body and was signed by the pertinent executive official(s).

44 Which one of the following organisations is not having its headquarters in Geneva?
A World health Organisation
B World Trade Organisation
C International Labour Organisation
D International Civil Aviation Organisation

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is International Civil Aviation Organisation. The headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization is located in the Quartier International of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. WTO, WHO and ILO are headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

45 The first Secretary-General of the United Nations was
A U. Thant
B Dr. Kurt Waldheim
C Trygve Lie
D Dag Hammarskjold

Answer: Option [C]

The first Secretary-General of the United Nations was Trygve Lie. On 1 February 1946, Mr. Lie was elected the first Secretary-General of the United Nations. He was formally installed by the General Assembly at its 22nd meeting on 2 February 1946.

46 The Headquarters of International Labour Organisation is located at
A Geneva
B Rome
C Paris
D New York

Answer: Option [A]

The Headquarters of International Labour Organisation is located at Geneva. The International Labour Organisation is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all. International Labour Organisation Headquarters is established in Geneva.

47 Which International Agency is working for the protection of the environment?
A UNO
B NASA
C Chipko
D Greenpeace

Answer: Option [D]

Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 40 countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherland

48 Which one of the following organisations is directly related to child welfare?
A WTO
B WHO
C UNICEF
D UNESCO

Answer: Option [C]

UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Emergeney Fund) was established in 1946 at New York to deliver post-war relief to children. UNICEF provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries. It is a member of the United Nations Development Group.

49 Where is the headquarters of INTERPOL?
A Geneva
B Lyons
C London
D Paris

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Lyons. The International Criminal Police Organization - INTERPOL, with Headquarters in Lyon (France), is the world's largest international police organization, with 190 member countries, each represented by a National Central Bureau.

50 Non-alignment basically implies
A Bring a third world power
B Choosing its own policy
C Neutrality towards power blocks
D Bringing peace and unity to the world

Answer: Option [C]

Non-alignment basically implies Neutrality towards power blocks. The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization (group of countries) who do not want to be officially aligned with or against any major power bloc (group of countries). In 2019, the movement had 120 members and 27 observers.

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